Hospital Del Bierzo Ponferrada

Torre del Bierzo, Spain

Hospital Del Bierzo Ponferrada

Torre del Bierzo, Spain
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Gonzalez-Calle V.,Complejo Asistencial Universitario Of Salamanca | Cerda S.,Complejo Asistencial de Leon | Labrador J.,Complejo Asistencial de Burgos | Sobejano E.,Complejo Asistencial Universitario Of Salamanca | And 15 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2017

Immunoparesis or suppression of polyclonal immunoglobulins is a very common condition in newly diagnosed myeloma patients. However, the recovery of polyclonal immunoglobulins in the setting of immune reconstitution after autologous stem cell transplantation and its effect on outcome has not yet been explored. We conducted this study in a cohort of 295 patients who had undergone autologous transplantation. In order to explore the potential role of immunoglubulin recovery as a dynamic predictor of progression or survival after transplantation, conditional probabilities of progression-free survival and overall survival were estimated according to immunoglobulin recovery at different time points using a landmark approach. One year after transplant, when B-cell reconstitution is expected to be completed, among 169 patients alive and progression free, 88 patients (52%) showed immunoglobulin recovery and 81 (48%) did not. Interestingly, the group with immunoglobulin recovery had a significantly longer median progression-free survival than the group with persistent immunoparesis (median 60.4 vs. 27.9 months, respectively; Hazard Ratio: 0.45, 95%Confidence Interval: 0.31-0.66; P<0.001), and improved overall survival (11.3 vs. 7.3 years; Hazard Ratio: 0.45, 95%Confidence Interval: 0.27-0.74; P=0.002). Furthermore, the percentage of normal plasma cells detected by flow cytometry in the bone marrow assessed at day 100 after transplantation was associated with the immunoglobulin recovery at that time and may predict immunoglobulin recovery in the subsequent months: nine months and one year. In conclusion, the recovery of polyclonal immunoglobulins one year after autologous transplantation in myeloma patients is an independent long-term predictor marker for progression and survival. © 2017 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

Loading Hospital Del Bierzo Ponferrada collaborators
Loading Hospital Del Bierzo Ponferrada collaborators