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Felix P.M.,ITN | Franco C.,ITN | Barreiros M.A.,National Laboratory of Energy and Geology | Batista B.,ITN | And 6 more authors.
Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health | Year: 2013

In occupational assessments where workers are exposed to metal dust, the liquid condensate of exhaled breath (EBC) may provide unique indication of pulmonary exposure. The main goal of this study was to demonstrate the quality of EBC to biological monitoring of human exposure. A pilot study was performed in a group of metal dust-exposed workers and a group of nonexposed individuals working in offices. Only metal dust-exposed workers were followed along the working week to determine the best time of collection. Metal analyses were performed with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Analytical methodology was tested using an EBC sample pool for several occupationally exposed metals: potassium, chromium, manganese, copper, zinc, strontium, cadmium, antimony, and lead. Metal contents in EBC of exposed workers were higher than controls at the beginning of the shift and remained augmented throughout the working week. The results obtained support the establishment of EBC as an indicator of pulmonary exposure to metals. Copyright © 2013 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Sarmento e Castro R.,Hospital Joaquim Urbano Porto | Valente C.,Centro Hospitalar Of Coimbra | Ramos J.P.,Hospital Sao Pedro Vila Real | Almeida J.R.,IDT | And 4 more authors.
Acta Medica Portuguesa | Year: 2011

Currently, hepatitis C is a serious public health problem. It is estimated that there are 180 million people with chronic infection by hepatitis C virus (HCV) worldwide and that the prevalence of this infection in the Portuguese population ranges between 1 and 1.5%. In Portugal, there are neither up-to-date guidelines for treatment, nor recommendations for the diagnosis and management of patients with HCV and, in particular, for the endovenous drug users. The present article gathers consensus information regarding clinical practice and suggests some guidelines to the management and treatment accessibility of drug addicted patients with chronic infection by HCV, in Portugal.


Saianda A.,Hospital de Santa Maria Lisbon | Fernand R.M.,Hospital de Santa Maria Lisbon | Saldanha J.,Unidade de Neonatologia
Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia | Year: 2010

Background: Evidence suggests the INSURE strategy (INtubate-SURfactant administration and Extubate to nasal continuous positive airway pressure [nCPAP]) is superior to mechanical ventilation (MV) with rescue surfactant for the management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. There is limited data, however, to assess whether INSURE is superior to nCPAP alone. We aimed to compare these two strategies regarding early and late outcomes. Methods: Retrospective cohortBackground: Evidence suggests the INSURE strategy (INtubate-SURfactant administration and Extubate to nasal continuous positive airway pressure [nCPAP]) is superior to mechanical ventilation (MV) with rescue surfactant for the management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. There is limited data, however, to assess whether INSURE is superior to nCPAP alone. We aimed to compare these two strategies regarding early and late outcomes. Methods: Retrospective cohort.


Nikkel S.M.,University of Ottawa | Dauber A.,Boston Childrens Hospital | De Munnik S.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Connolly M.,Manton Center for Orphan Disease Research at Childrens Hospital | And 63 more authors.
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases | Year: 2013

Background: Floating-Harbor syndrome (FHS) is a rare condition characterized by short stature, delays in expressive language, and a distinctive facial appearance. Recently, heterozygous truncating mutations in SRCAP were determined to be disease-causing. With the availability of a DNA based confirmatory test, we set forth to define the clinical features of this syndrome. Methods and results. Clinical information on fifty-two individuals with SRCAP mutations was collected using standardized questionnaires. Twenty-four males and twenty-eight females were studied with ages ranging from 2 to 52 years. The facial phenotype and expressive language impairments were defining features within the group. Height measurements were typically between minus two and minus four standard deviations, with occipitofrontal circumferences usually within the average range. Thirty-three of the subjects (63%) had at least one major anomaly requiring medical intervention. We did not observe any specific phenotype-genotype correlations. Conclusions: This large cohort of individuals with molecularly confirmed FHS has allowed us to better delineate the clinical features of this rare but classic genetic syndrome, thereby facilitating the development of management protocols. © 2013 Nikkel et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Felix P.M.,University of Lisbon | Almeida S.M.,University of Lisbon | Franco C.,University of Lisbon | Almeida A.B.,Hospital de Santa Maria Lisbon | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Environmental Health Research | Year: 2015

Occupational exposure to lead (Pb) requires continuous surveillance to assure, as much as possible, safe and healthful working conditions. This study addresses the suitability of assessing Pb exposure in relevant workers using their exhaled breath condensate (EBC). This study enrolled workers of two different Pb processing industries characterized by moderate and high Pb exposure levels in the work environment, and a group of non-exposed individuals working in offices who served as baseline for Pb exposure. The EBC-Pb of workers reflected the Pb levels in the work environment of all three settings, although the relationship with B-Pb was not clear. The lack of correlation between EBC-Pb and B-Pb most probably indicates the time lag for Pb to enter in the two body pools. The EBC-Pb seems to reflect immediate exposure, providing a prompt signature of Pb in the environmental that may interact directly with the organ. By delivering short-term evaluation of exposure, EBC-Pb represents a clear advantage in biomonitoring and may become an interesting tool for estimating organ burden. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

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