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Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain

Echevarria J.E.,Institute Salud Carlos III | Echevarria J.E.,CIBER ISCIII | Castellanos A.,Institute Salud Carlos III | Castellanos A.,CIBER ISCIII | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2010

Although the WHO recommends the use of genotyping as a tool for epidemiological surveillance for mumps, limited data on mumps virus (MV) genotype circulation that may be used to trace the patterns of virus spread are available. We describe the first complete series of data from Spain. The small hydrophobic region was sequenced from 237 MV-positive samples from several regions of Spain collected between 1996 and 2007. Six different genotypes were identified: A, C, D (D1), G (G1, G2), H (H1, H2), and J. Genotype Hl was predominant during the epidemic that occurred from 1999 to 2003 but was replaced by genotype Gl as the dominant genotype in the epidemic that occurred from 2005 to 2007. The same genotype G1 strain caused concomitant outbreaks in different parts of the world (the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom). The remaining genotypes (genotypes A, C, D, and J) appeared in sporadic cases or small limited outbreaks. This pattern of circulation seems to reflect continuous viral circulation at the national level, despite the high rates of vaccine coverage. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Coca A.,University of Barcelona | Mazon P.,Hospital Clinico Universitario | Aranda P.,Hospital General Universitario Carlos Haya | Redon J.,Hospital Clinico Universitario | And 7 more authors.
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy | Year: 2013

Dihydropyridinic calcium channel blockers are a subclass of antihypertensive drugs with growing significance in the therapeutic armamentarium. Early studies in the 1990s had aroused certain fears with regard to the safety of the first drugs from this class, since they had a fast onset of action and a short half-life, and thus they were associated with reflex adrenergic activation. New molecules with long half-lives and high lipophilia have shown safety and efficacy in the control of blood pressure, as well as in the reduction of several end points related to hypertension. Moreover, these new molecules, which block special subtypes of calcium channel receptors, provide drugs not only with an action profile that goes beyond the antihypertensive effect, but also with a lower rate of side effects. Therefore, in the light of new studies that include calcium channel blockers alone or in combination, these agents will probably be used even more extensively for the management of hypertension in the following years. © 2013 Expert Reviews Ltd.

Migliori G.B.,Care and Research Institute | Zellweger J.P.,Competence Center | Abubakar I.,Public Health England | Ibraim E.,Marius Nasta Institute of Pulmonology | And 30 more authors.
European Respiratory Journal | Year: 2012

The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) jointly developed European Union Standards for Tuberculosis Care (ESTC) aimed at providing European Union (EU)-tailored standards for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of tuberculosis (TB). The International Standards for TB Care (ISTC) were developed in the global context and are not always adapted to the EU setting and practices. The majority of EU countries have the resources and capacity to implement higher standards to further secure quality TB diagnosis, treatment and prevention. On this basis, the ESTC were developed as standards specifically tailored to the EU setting. A panel of 30 international experts, led by a writing group and the ERS and ECDC, identified and developed the 21 ESTC in the areas of diagnosis, treatment, HIV and comorbid conditions, and public health and prevention. The ISTCs formed the basis for the 21 standards, upon which additional EU adaptations and supplements were developed. These patient-centred standards are targeted to clinicians and public health workers, providing an easy-to-use resource, guiding through all required activities to ensure optimal diagnosis, treatment and prevention of TB. These will support EU health programmes to identify and develop optimal procedures for TB care, control and elimination.

Tiberi S.,Barts Healthcare NHS Trust | Payen M.-C.,Free University of Colombia | Sotgiu G.,University of Sassari | D'Ambrosio L.,Collaborating Center for and Lung Diseases | And 37 more authors.
European Respiratory Journal | Year: 2016

No large study has ever evaluated the efficacy, safety and tolerability of meropenem/ clavulanate to treat multidrug- and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR- and XDR-TB). The aim of this observational study was to evaluate the therapeutic contribution, effectiveness, safety and tolerability profile of meropenem/clavulanate added to a background regimen when treating MDR- and XDR-TB cases. Patients treated with a meropenem/clavulanate-containing regimen (n=96) showed a greater drug resistance profile than those exposed to a meropenem/clavulanate-sparing regimen (n=168): in the former group XDR-TB was more frequent (49% versus 6.0%, p<0.0001) and the median (interquartile range (IQR)) number of antibiotic resistances was higher (8 (6-9) versus 5 (4-6)). Patients were treated with a meropenem/clavulanate-containing regimen for a median (IQR) of 85 (49-156) days. No statistically significant differences were observed in the overall MDR-TB cohort and in the subgroups with and without the XDR-TB patients; in particular, sputum smear and culture conversion rates were similar in XDR-TB patients exposed to meropenem/clavulanate-containing regimens (88.0% versus 100.0%, p=1.00 and 88.0% versus 100.0%, p=1.00, respectively). Only six cases reported adverse events attributable to meropenem/clavulanate (four of them then restarting treatment). The nondifferent outcomes and bacteriological conversion rate observed in cases who were more severe than controls might imply that meropenem/clavulanate could be active in treating MDR- and XDR-TB cases. Copyright © ERS 2016.

Audicana Berasategui M.T.,Hospital Santiago Apostol | Barasona Villarejo M.J.,Hospital Universitario Reina Sofia | Corominas Sanchez M.,Hospital Universitari Of Bellvitge | de Barrio Fernandez M.,Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2011

The Drug Allergy Committee of the Spanish Society of Allergology and Clinical Immunology reviewed the allergenic potential of several substances of food origin that are found in the composition of some drugs. Despite recent legislation on labeling, many labels do not clearly state whether the drug contains raw material (active ingredients, excipient, or other manufacturing intermediate) with an origin in any of the substances in the list of the 14 groups of food allergens that are subject to mandatory declaration. The objective of legislation is that the drug package, the Summary of Product Characteristics, and the patient information leaflet clearly state the food content in order to improve the safety of allergic patients. Therefore, any food or allergen derivative that must be declared should be clearly stated on the drug label. Of all the evaluated products, egg and milk derivatives are the most frequently discussed in literature reviews. The natural or synthetic origin of potentially allergenic substances such as lysozyme, casein, lactose, albumin, phosphatide, and aromatic essences should be clearly stated. Providing this information has 2 clear advantages. First, allergic reactions to drugs in patients with food allergy could be avoided (if the substances have a natural origin). Second, prescription would improve by not restricting drugs containing synthetic substances (which do not usually induce allergic reactions). © 2011 Esmon Publicidad.

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