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Hospital de Órbigo, Spain

Diaz-Rubio E.,Charles III University of Madrid | Gomez-Espana A.,Hospital Reina Sofia | Massuti B.,Hospital General | Sastre J.,Charles III University of Madrid | And 21 more authors.
Oncologist | Year: 2012

Purpose. The aim of this phase III trial was to compare the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab alone with those of bevacizumab and capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (XELOX) as maintenance treatment following induction chemotherapy with XELOX plus bevacizumab in the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Patients and Methods. Patients were randomly assigned to receive six cycles of bevacizumab, capecitabine, and oxaliplatin every 3 weeks followed by XELOX plus bevacizumab or bevacizumab alone until progression. The primary endpoint was the progression-free survival (PFS) interval; secondary endpoints were the overall survival (OS) time, objective response rate (RR), time to response, duration of response, and safety. Results. The intent-to-treat population comprised 480 patients (XELOX plus bevacizumab, n = 239; bevacizumab, n = 241); there were no significant differences in baseline characteristics. The median follow-up was 29.0 months (range, 0-53.2 months). There were no statistically significant differences in the median PFS or OS times or in the RR between the two arms. The most common grade 3 or 4 toxicities in the XELOX plus bevacizumab versus bevacizumab arms were diarrhea, hand-foot syndrome, and neuropathy. Conclusion. Although the noninferiority of bevacizumab versus XELOX plus bevacizumab cannot be confirmed, we can reliably exclude a median PFS detriment >3 weeks. This study suggests that maintenance therapy with singleagent bevacizumab may be an appropriate option following induction XELOX plus bevacizumab in mCRC patients. © AlphaMed Press. Source

Garcia I.,Bioftalmik | Etxebarria J.,Hospital de Cruces | Boto-De-Los-Bueis A.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Diaz-Valle D.,Hospital Clinico San Carlos | And 10 more authors.
Ophthalmology | Year: 2012

Purpose: To evaluate a limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) diagnosis method based on the detection of the MUC5AC transcript by reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in comparison with the standard diagnostic method based on goblet cell detection by periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-hematoxylin staining, using samples obtained from corneal epithelium impression cytology (IC). Design: Transversal, comparative case series. Participants: We studied 59 eyes from 43 patients clinically diagnosed with LSCD. Methods: Impression cytology was used to gather cells from corneal and conjunctival epithelium from the same eye. The presence of goblet cells in the cornea was determined by PAS-hematoxylin staining, whereas the presence of the MUC5AC transcript was detected by RT-PCR using a custom-designed primer pair. Main Outcome Measures: Goblet cells in the corneal epithelium were detected by light microscopy, and the MUC5AC transcript was detected as the corresponding PCR amplicon in agarose gels. Results: Our study included 59 corneal samples, together with their respective conjunctival samples for RT-PCR assays. Of these, 47 samples were also available for comparative PAS-hematoxylin staining. The MUC5AC amplicon was detected in 56 of 59 (94.9%) corneal epithelium samples. In contrast, conventional IC staining detected goblet cells in only 17 of 47 (36.2%) samples; these were not found in 27 of 47 (57.4%) samples (negative results), and 3 of 47 (6.4%) showed inconclusive results. Conclusions: The detection of the MUC5AC transcript in corneal epithelium is a more sensitive method to diagnose LSCD than the conventional PAS-hematoxylin method, although a minimum RNA concentration of 1.2 ng/μl is required for negative results to be reliable. Moreover, RT-PCR is a highly specific and more objective technique. Overall, these findings indicate that molecular analysis facilitates a more precise clinical diagnosis of LSCD, thereby reducing the risk of surgical failure. Financial Disclosure(s): Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found after the references. © 2012 American Academy of Ophthalmology. Source

Paiva B.,Hospital Universitario Of Salamanca | Paiva B.,University of Salamanca | Gutierrez N.C.,Hospital Universitario Of Salamanca | Gutierrez N.C.,University of Salamanca | And 26 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

The achievement of complete response (CR) after high-dose therapy/autologous stem cell transplantation (HDT/ASCT) is a surrogate for prolonged survival in multiple myeloma; however, patients who lose their CR status within 1 year of HDT/ASCT (unsustained CR) have poor prognosis. Thus, the identification of these patients is highly relevant. Here, we investigate which prognostic markers can predict unsustained CR in a series of 241 patients in CR at day +100 after HDT/ASCT who were enrolled in the Spanish GEM2000 (n = 140) and GEM2005 < 65y (n = 101) trials. Twenty-nine (12%) of the 241 patients showed unsustained CR and a dismal outcome (median overall survival 39 months). The presence of baseline high-risk cytogenetics by FISH (hazard ratio 17.3; P = .002) and persistent minimal residual disease by multiparameter flow cytometry at day +100 after HDT/ASCT (hazard ratio 8.0; P = .005) were the only independent factors that predicted unsustained CR. Thus, these 2 parameters may help to identify patients in CR at risk of early progression after HDT/ASCT in whom novel treatments should be investigated. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

Mateos M.-V.,University of Salamanca | Oriol A.,Institute Catala dOncologia Hospital Germans Trials IPujol | Martinez-Lopez J.,Hospital 12 de Octubre | Gutierrez N.,University of Salamanca | And 20 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

Maintenance therapy has become a hot field in myeloma, and it may be particularly relevant in elderly patients because the major benefit results from the initial therapy. We report the results of a randomized comparison of maintenance with bortezomib plus thalidomide (VT) or prednisone (VP) in 178 elderly untreated myeloma patients who had received 6 induction cycles with bortezomib plus either melphalan and prednisone or thalidomide and prednisone. The complete response (CR) rate increased from 24% after induction up to 42%, higher for VT versus VP (46% vs 39%). Median progression-free survival (PFS) was superior for VT (39 months) compared with VP (32 months) and overall survival (OS) was also longer in VT patients compared with VP (5-year OS of 69% and 50%, respectively) but the differences did not reach statistical significance. CR achievement was associated with a significantly longer PFS (P < .001) and 5-year OS (P < .001). The incidence of G3-4 peripheral neuropathy was 9% for VT and 3% for VP. Unfortunately, this approach was not able to overcome the adverse prognosis of cytogenetic abnormalities. In summary, these maintenance regimens result in a significant increase in CR rate, remarkably long PFS, and acceptable toxicity profile. The trial is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00443235. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

Mateos M.-V.,University of Salamanca | Oriol A.,Institute Catala dOncologia | Martinez-Lopez J.,Hospital 12 de Octubre | Teruel A.-I.,Hospital Clinico de Valencia | And 19 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2014

Melphalan (M), in combination with prednisone (MP), has been the backbone of new combinations, including bortezomib plus MP (VMP). However, new alkylator-free schemes, such as lenalidomide plus low-dose dexamethasone, are challenging the role of alkylators in myeloma treatment of elderly patients. Here we have updated, after a long follow-up (median 6 years), the results of the GEM 2005 study that addressedthis question by comparing VMP with bortezomib plus thalidomide and prednisone (VTP)asinduction. Between April 2005 and October 2008, 260 patients were randomized to receive 6 cycles of VMP or VTP as induction. The median progression-free survival was 32 months for the VMP and 23 months for the VTP arms (P 5.09). VMP significantly prolonged the overall survival (OS) compared with VTP (median of 63 and 43 months, respectively; hazard ratio [HR]: 0.67, P 5.01). Achieving immunophenotypic complete response was associated with a significantly longer OS, especially in the VMP arm(66% remain alive after 8 years). Melphalan, plus bortezomib, should be maintained as standard care for the treatment of elderly multiple myeloma patients. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00443235. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

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