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Oliveira do Hospital, Portugal

Vieira J.P.,Hospital de Dona Estefania | Luis C.,Hospital Fernando Fonseca | Monteiro J.P.,Hospital Garcia de Orta | Temudo T.,Hospital de Santo Antonio | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Paediatric Neurology | Year: 2010

Many important questions regarding pathophysiology and treatment of cerebral sinovenous thrombosis need clarification and may depend on further knowledge on the etiology, site, extension and recanalization of the thrombosis. We studied these variables in a cohort of children and adolescents from seven Portuguese Centers. We conclude from our results that the deep venous system and the superior longitudinal sinus are less frequently affected with thrombosis but have a greater potential for serious neurologic disease and for major sequelae. Non-recanalization, at least in the long term, is not an adverse prognostic factor. Extensive propagation of the thrombus from the initial site of origin seems to be common. The early identification of risk factors and their treatment coupled with an aggressive attitude towards diagnosis and treatment for thrombosis involving the deep venous system would be warranted. © 2008 European Paediatric Neurology Society.

Salva I.,Hospital de Dona Estefania | Silva I.V.,Hospital Vila Franca de Xira | Cunha F.,Hospital Vila Franca de Xira
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2013

Epstein-Barr virus infection is common in children, usually presenting as infectious mononucleosis, including fever, tonsillitis and lymphadenopathy associated with self-resolving increase in transaminases. Cholestasis is rare in children with only a few cases reported but it was described in up to 55% of the adult population affected. We present a case of a 6-year-old boy with fever, vomiting and choluria. The physical examination showed hepatomegaly and jaundice and was otherwise unremarkable. The laboratory studies revealed increased transaminases (aspartate aminotransferase 97 U/L, alanine aminotransferase 166 U/L), hyperbilirubinaemia (total bilirubin 3.2 mg/dL, direct bilirubin 2.89 mg/dL) and increased γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (114 mg/dL). Urine urobilinogen was increased. The abdominal ultrasound showed hepatomegaly. Epstein-Barr viral capsid antibody IgM was positive and IgG was negative. Serological studies for other viruses were negative. We underline the need to consider Epstein-Barr virus in the cholestatic hepatitis differential diagnosis, in order to avoid unnecessary investigations. Copyright 2013 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

Marques I.,Centro Hospitalar Barreiro Montijo | Silva A.,Centro Hospitalar Barreiro Montijo | Castro S.,Centro Hospitalar Barreiro Montijo | Lopes L.,Hospital de Dona Estefania
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2015

The association between Down syndrome (DS) and autoimmune endocrinopathies is well established. These disorders become increasingly frequent as children grow older and the onset of one often predisposes to the development of others. However, there are few cases in the literature reporting the simultaneous onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus and hyperthyroidism in children with DS. We describe a case of an 8-year-old girl with DS who presented at the emergency department with hyperglycaemia and ketosis as a primary manifestation of type 1 diabetes mellitus. During the initial investigation, hyperthyroidism was detected, with thyroid-stimulating hormone<0.01 μUI/mL, positive antithyroid antibodies and an increase in thyroid gland on ultrasound. The authors present this case to underline the usefulness of monitoring thyroid function at the diagnosis of diabetes, even without apparent clinical manifestations, and to alert for the possibility of autoimmune endocrine dysfunction in children with DS. Copyright 2015 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

Salva I.,Hospital de Dona Estefania
BMJ case reports | Year: 2014

Rickettsial infections are common in southern Europe and the most frequent and lethal type is Mediterranean spotted fever, caused by Rickettsia conorii. The disease is usually characterised by the classical triad of fever, eschar and rash, and is generally a mild disease in children. Complications including neurological involvement are rarely described. We report an unusual case of meningitis in an 18-year-old man, presenting during summer with fever and persistent headache. The cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed increased cellularity (107 cells/μL), hypoglycorrhachia (50% of glycaemia) and hyperproteinorrhachia (284 mg/dL). Rickettsial infection was confirmed by serology and the patient was treated with doxycycline, with a favourable outcome. The patient's pet squirrel and/or associated vectors might be involved in the transmission of Rickettsia spp. This case underlines the importance of a high clinical suspicion and the benefits of early empirical treatment when facing compatible epidemiological contexts.

Borrego L.M.,Hospital CUF Descobertas | Borrego L.M.,New University of Lisbon | Fonseca J.A.,Centro Hospitalar S Joao Epe | Fonseca J.A.,University of Porto | And 9 more authors.
BMC Pediatrics | Year: 2014

Background: Allergic rhinitis and asthma (ARA) are chronic inflammatory diseases of the airways that often coexist in children. The only tool to assess the ARA control, the Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test (CARAT) is to be used by adults. We aimed to develop the Pediatric version of Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test (CARATkids) and to test its comprehensibility in children with 4 to 12 years of age.Methods: The questionnaire development included a literature review of pediatric questionnaires on asthma and/or rhinitis control and two consensus meetings of a multidisciplinary group. Cognitive testing was carried out in a cross-sectional qualitative study using cognitive interviews.Results: Four questionnaires to assess asthma and none to assess rhinitis control in children were identified. The multidisciplinary group produced a questionnaire version for children with 17 questions with illustrations and dichotomous (yes/no) response format. The version for caregivers had 4-points and dichotomous scales. Twenty-nine children, 4 to 12 years old, and their caregivers were interviewed. Only children over 6 years old could adequately answer the questionnaire. A few words/expressions were not fully understood by children of 6 to 8 years old. The drawings illustrating the questions were considered helpful by children and caregivers. Caregivers considered the questionnaire complete and clear and preferred dichotomous over the 4-points scales. The proportion of agreement between children and their caregivers was 61%. The words/expressions that were difficult to understand were amended.Conclusion: CARATkids, the first questionnaire to assess a child's asthma and rhinitis control was developed and its content validity was assured. Cognitive testing showed that CARATKids is well-understood by children 6 to 12 years old. The questionnaire's measurement properties can now be assessed in a validation study. © 2014 Borrego et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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