First-line treatment with rituximab-hyperCVAD alternating with rituximab-methotrexate-cytarabine and followed by consolidation with 90Y-ibritumomab-tiuxetan in patients with mantle cell lymphoma. Results of a multicenter, phase 2 pilot trial from the GELTAMO group
Arranz R.,Hospital Univesitario La Princesa |
Garcia-Noblejas A.,Hospital Univesitario La Princesa |
Grande C.,Hospital Univesitario 12 Of Octubre |
Cannata-Ortiz J.,Hospital Univesitario La Princesa |
And 13 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2013
The prognosis for fit patients with mantle cell lymphoma has improved with intensive strategies. Currently, the role of maintenance/consolidation approaches is being tested as relapses continue to appear. In this trial we evaluated the feasibility, safety and efficacy of rituximab-hyperCVAD alternating with rituximab-methotrexatecytarabine followed by consolidation with 90Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan. Patients received six cycles followed by a single dose of 90Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan. Thirty patients were enrolled; their median age was 59 years. Twentyfour patients finished the induction treatment, 23 achieved complete remission (77%, 95% confidence interval 60- 93) and one patient had progressive disease (3%). Eighteen patients (60%), all in complete remission, received consolidation therapy. In the intent-to-treat population, failure-free, progression-free and overall survival rates at 4 years were 40% (95% confidence interval 20.4-59.6), 52% (95% confidence interval 32.4-71.6) and 81% (95% confidence interval 67.28-94.72), respectively. For patients who received consolidation, failure-free and overall survival rates were 55% (95% confidence interval 31.48-78.52) and 87% (95% confidence interval 70-100), respectively. Hematologic toxicity was significant during induction and responsible for one death (3.3%). After consolidation, grade 3-4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were observed in 72% and 83% of patients, with a median duration of 5 and 12 weeks, respectively. Six (20%) patients died, three due to secondary malignancies (myelodysplastic syndrome and bladder and rectum carcinomas). In conclusion, in our experience, rituximab-hyperCVAD alternated with rituximab-methotrexate-cytarabine and followed by consolidation with 90Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan was efficacious although less feasible than expected. The unacceptable toxicity observed, especially secondary malignancies, advise against the use of this strategy. © 2013 Ferrata Storti Foundation.
De La Serna J.,Hospital Universitario 12 Of Octubre |
Sanz J.,Hospital Universitario La Paz |
Bermudez A.,Hospital Universitario Marques Of Valdecilla |
Cabrero M.,Hospital Universitario Clinico Of Salamanca |
And 9 more authors.
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2016
The safety and efficacy of a 4-day myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimen consisting of Bu 3.2 mg/kg and fludarabine 40 mg/m 2 /day for HLA-identical sibling allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in myeloid malignancies was investigated in 133 patients (median age, 47 years; range 19-74 years) with de novo AML (60%), secondary AML (20%) or myelodysplastic syndrome (20%). All patients engrafted. Hepatic veno-occlusive disease occurred in five patients (4%), and severe toxicities, mostly mucositis, occurred in twenty-three (17%) patients. The non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 100 days was 1.5%. The incidences of acute GVHD grade 2-4 and grade 3-4 were 32 and 13%, respectively. At a median follow-up of 38 months, the cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 67%. The relapse incidence was 30% (27 and 31%, respectively, in patients with early- and late-stage disease), and the overall NRM was 15%. The actuarial 4-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 54 and 62%, respectively. Patients aged <50 years had better outcomes compared with older patients (DFS 64 vs 42%, P=0.006; OS 73 vs 47%, P<0.001, respectively). © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited.