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Hospital de Órbigo, Spain

Tormo E.,INCLIVA Biomedical Research Institute | Pineda B.,INCLIVA Biomedical Research Institute | Serna E.,University of Valencia | Guijarro A.,INCLIVA Biomedical Research Institute | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry

Chemotherapy treatment is the standard in triple negative breast cancers, a cancer subgroup which lacks a specific target. The mechanisms leading to the response, as well as any markers that allow the differentiation between responder and non-responder groups prior to treatment are unknown. In parallel, miRNAs can act as oncogenes or tumor suppressors and there is evidence of their involvement in promoting resistance to anticancer drugs. Therefore we hypothesized that changes in miRNA expression after doxorubicin treatment may also be relevant in treatment response. Objective: To study miRNAs that are differentially expressed in response to doxorubicin treatment. Methods: One luminal-A and two triple negative, breast cancer cell lines were exposed to doxorubicin. Microarray analysis was performed to identify the common and differentially modified miRNAs. Genes and pathways that are theoretically regulated by these miRNAs were analyzed. Results: Thirteen miRNAs common to all three lines were modified, in addition to 25 that were specific to triple negative cell lines, and 69 that changed only in the luminal-A cell line. This altered expression pattern seemed to be more strongly related to the breast cancer subgroup than to the treatment. The analysis of target genes revealed that cancer related pathways were the most affected by these miRNAs, moreover many of them had been previously related to chemotherapy resistance; thus suggesting follow-up studies. Additionally, through functional assays, we showed that miR-548c-3p is implicated in doxorubicin-treated MCF-7 cell viability, suggesting a role for this miRNA in resistance. J. Cell. Biochem. 116: 2061-2073, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Montero-Martin M.,Hospital Clinico Universitario de | Montero-Martin M.,Healthcare Research Institute Of Santiago Of Compostela | Montero-Martin M.,Hospital Universitario Of Melilla | Inwald D.P.,Imperial College London | And 3 more authors.
Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy

Meningococcal disease is a life-threatening condition and a major cause of bacterial meningitis and sepsis worldwide. In many fatal cases, meningococcal disease is rapidly progressive and death occurs within hours of the initial symptoms. The early identification of patients at high risk of death would be useful in order to provide aggressive and more personalized clinical management with the proper level of supportive therapy required, contributing to an improvement in the survival rate and reduction in sequelae. The current study aims to review the current published literature about prognostic markers of meningococcal sepsis in children in order to elaborate conclusions and recommendations that could guide clinical practice and further research. © Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Bouzon-Alejandro M.,Hospital Clinico Universitario de | Redondo-Collazo L.,Hospital Clinico Universitario de | Redondo-Collazo L.,Institute Investigacion | Martinon-Torres N.,Hospital Clinico Universitario de | And 5 more authors.
BMC Pediatrics

Background: The effect of rotavirus in developed countries is mainly economic. This study aimed to assess the indirect costs induced by rotavirus acute gastroenteritis (RVAGE) in Spain.Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted from October 2008 to June 2009. It included 682 children up to 5 years of age with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) who attended primary care (n = 18) and emergency room/hospital settings (n = 10), covering the regions of Galicia and Asturias (North-west Spain). All non-medical expenses incurred throughout the episode were recorded in detail using personal interviews and telephone contact.Results: Among the 682 enrolled children, 207 (30.4%) were rotavirus positive and 170 (25%) had received at least one dose of rotavirus vaccine. The mean (standard deviation) indirect cost caused by an episode of AGE was estimated at 135.17 (182.70) Euros. Costs were 1.74-fold higher when AGE was caused by rotavirus compared with other etiologies: 192.7 (219.8) Euros vs. 111.6 (163.5) Euros (p < .001). The costs for absenteeism were the most substantial with a mean of 91.41 (134.76) Euros per family, resulting in a loss of 2.45 (3.17) days of work. In RVAGE patients, the absenteeism cost was 120.4 (154) Euros compared with 75.8 (123) for the other etiologies (p = .002), because of loss of 3.5 (3.6) vs 1.9 (2.9) days of work (p < .001). Meals costs were 2-fold-higher (48.5 (55) vs 24.3 (46) Euros, p < .001) and travel costs were 2.6-fold-higher (32 (92) vs 12.5 (21.1) Euros, p = .005) in RVAGE patients compared with those with other etiologies. There were no differences between RVAGE and other etiologies groups regarding costs of hiring of caregivers or purchase of material. Patients with RVAGE were admitted to hospital more frequently than those with other etiologies (47.8% vs 14%, p < .001).Conclusions: Rotavirus generates a significant indirect economic burden. Our data should be considered in the decision-making process of the eventual inclusion of rotavirus vaccine in the national immunization schedule of well developed countries. © 2011 Bouzón-Alejandro et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Gonzalez P.C.,Hospital Clinico Universitario de | Pereira A.P.,Hospital Clinico Universitario de | Gomez B.B.,Hospital Clinico Universitario de | Grille. J.L.,Hospital Clinico Universitario de
Archivos Espanoles de Urologia

OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with bladder endometriosis at the Department of Urology of Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the cases of bladder endometriosis diagnosed during the last 11 years in our hospital, from January 2000 to December 2011. RESULTS: A total of 7 women, with a mean age of 32-year-old have been diagnosed by biopsy of bladder endometriosis. The most common symptoms were dysuria, suprapubic pain, urinary urgency and hematuria. All patients have undergone surgery (5 transurethral resection, 2 partial cystectomy), 6 of them were also treated with post-operative LHRH analogues. CONCLUSIONS: Endometriosis is a common disease in young women, but the involvement of the urinary tract is unusual. There are multiple therapeutic options; despite this there exists a high probability of recurrence. Source

Tamayo E.,Hospital Clinico Universitario de | Tamayo E.,Hospital Clinico Universitario Of Valladolid Iecscyl | Fernandez A.,Hospital Clinico Universitario de | Fernandez A.,Hospital Clinico Universitario Of Valladolid Iecscyl | And 15 more authors.
European Cytokine Network

The relationships between cytokine responses in septic shock are currently poorly understood. Some studies have pointed to a biphasic model, with an initial proinflammatory phase, followed by a reactive, anti-inflammatory response to explain the pathogenesis of the most severe form of sepsis. However, evidence for the coexistence of both responses has been found. In this study, the plasma levels of 17 cytokines and chemokines, in 20 patients with septic shock, 11 patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), during the first 24 hours following diagnosis, and 10 healthy controls, were analyzed and compared. Patients with septic shock showed increased levels of IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, MIP-1β, IFN-γ, GM-CSF and IL-10 compared to healthy controls. Patients with SIRS showed higher levels of IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, MIP-1β, G-CSF and IL-10 than controls. Patients with septic shock showed higher levels of IL-8, GM-CSF, MIP-1β than those with SIRS. The Spearman test demonstrated a positive association between the pro-inflammatory mediators IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, MIP-1β, IFN-γ, GM-CSF and the immunomodulatory cytokine IL-10 in septic shock. Consequently, correlation studies supported the notion that secretion of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators in septic shock occurs as a simultaneous immune response program initiated early in the course of the disease, revealing that both types of cytokine play a role from the very beginning of this life-threatening condition. Source

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