Del Brutto O.H.,Espiritu Santo University, Guayaquil |
Lama J.,Hospital Clinica Kennedy Imaging
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2013
There is limited information on the prevalence of neurocysticercosis (NCC) among stroke patients, and no community-based survey has addressed this issue.We performed a 3-Phase, population-based study, to assess the prevalence and pathogenesis of stroke in a rural village of coastal Ecuador,where cysticercosis is highly endemic. Twenty stroke patients were found among 642 individuals ≥ 40 years of age. Eighteen of these patients underwent neuroimaging studies and no patient had evidence ofNCCor angiitis of intracranial vessels. The serumimmunoblot test for the detection of anticysticercal antibodies, performed in 15 of these 20 patients during a previous survey,were negative in 13 cases and the remaining two had a normal computed tomography of the head. This study suggests that NCC is not responsible for the increasing burden of stroke in rural areas of developing countries. Copyright © 2013 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.