Mannara F.,Hospital Clinic and Institute dInvestigacio Biomedica August Pi I Sunyer IDIBAPS |
Mannara F.,University of Barcelona |
Valente T.,Hospital Clinic and Institute dInvestigacio Biomedica August Pi I Sunyer IDIBAPS |
Valente T.,University of Barcelona |
And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is the most relevant animal model to study demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis. EAE can be induced by active (active EAE) or passive (at-EAE) transfer of activated T cells in several species and strains of rodents. However, histological features of at-EAE model in C57BL/6 are poorly described. The aim of this study was to characterize the neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative responses of at-EAE in C57BL/6 mice by histological techniques and compare them with that observed in the active EAE model. To develop the at-EAE, splenocytes from active EAE female mice were harvested and cultured in presence of MOG35-55 and IL-12, and then injected intraperitoneally in recipient female C57BL6/J mice. In both models, the development of EAE was similar except for starting before the onset of symptoms and presenting a higher EAE cumulative score in the at-EAE model. Spinal cord histological examination revealed an increased glial activation as well as more extensive demyelinating areas in the at-EAE than in the active EAE model. Although inflammatory infiltrates composed by macrophages and T lymphocytes were found in the spinal cord and brain of both models, B lymphocytes were significantly increased in the at-EAE model. The co-localization of these B cells with IgG and their predominant distribution in areas of demyelination would suggest that IgG-secreting B cells are involved in the neurodegenerative processes associated with at-EAE. © 2012 Mannara et al.
PubMed | Hospital Clinic and Institute dInvestigacio Biomedica August Pi I Sunyer IDIBAPS
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Brain pathology (Zurich, Switzerland) | Year: 2014
Central nervous system Whipples disease (CNS-WD) with clinically isolated neurological involvement is a rare condition fatal without an early diagnosis. We aimed to present clinical and neuropathological features of three cases of pre- or post-mortem polymerase chain reaction confirmed CNS-WD with distinct clinical presentation, outcome and pathological findings. One patient had an acute onset with spinal and brainstem involvement and died without CNS-WD diagnosis after 14 weeks. Neuropathology showed extensive inflammatory and necrotizing lesions with abundant foamy periodic-acid-Schiff (PAS)+ macrophages. The second patient had a subacute evolution with late CNS-WD diagnosis and death occurring 18 months after onset despite antibiotic treatment. Brain examination showed inflammatory lesions in the brainstem, thalamus and cerebellum, and abundant foamy PAS+ macrophages. The third case was diagnosed within 4 weeks of onset and treated with an excellent response. He died after a disease-free period of 24 months of unrelated causes. Neuropathology showed cystic residual lesions devoid of microorganisms without inflammatory reaction. CNS-WD may have an acute or subacute course with variable response to treatment. Accordingly, subjacent lesions may be those of a severe acute necrotizing encephalitic process or subacute inflammatory lesions involving diencephalic, brainstem, cerebellar and spinal regions. Chronic, cavitary brain lesions may be sequelae of a successful treatment. Early diagnosis should allow appropriate treatment and improve prognosis.