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Madrigal I.,CIBER ISCIII | Rodriguez-Revenga L.,CIBER ISCIII | Xuncla M.,Hospital Clinic and IDIBAPS | Mila M.,CIBER ISCIII
Gene | Year: 2012

Genomic rearrangements of chromosome 15q11-q13 are responsible for diverse phenotypes including intellectual disabilities and autism. 15q11.2 deletion, implicating common PWS/AS breakpoints BP1-BP2, has been described in patients with delayed motor and speech development and behavioural problems. Here we report the clinical and molecular characterisation of a maternally inherited BP1-BP2 deletion in two siblings with intellectual, motor and speech delay, autistic syndrome disorder and several dysmorphic features. One of the patients was also a carrier of an FMR1 allele in the low premutation range. The four genes within the deletion were under-expressed in all deletion carriers but FMR1 mRNA levels remained normal. Our results suggest that BP1-BP2 deletion could be considered as a risk factor for neuropsychological phenotypes and that it presents with variable clinical expressivity. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Navarro-Compan V.,University of Barcelona | Plasencia-Rodriguez C.,University of Barcelona | de Miguel E.,University of Barcelona | Balsa A.,Research Unit | And 3 more authors.
Rheumatology (United Kingdom) | Year: 2016

Objective. The aim was to evaluate whether anti-TNF discontinuation and tapering strategies are efficacious for maintaining remission or low disease activity (LDA) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis. Methods. A systematic literature review up to September 2014 was performed using Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane databases. Longitudinal studies evaluating the efficacy of discontinuation/tapering of anti- TNF therapy to maintain clinical response achieved after receiving a standard dose of the same drug were included. The results were grouped according to the type of strategy (discontinuation or tapering) evaluated. Results. Thirteen studies out of 763 retrieved citations were included. Overall, published data are scarce and the level of evidence of the studies is weak. Five studies provided evidence for assessing discontinuation strategy. The frequency of patients developing flare during the follow-up period ranged between 76 and 100%. The median (range) follow-up period was 52 (36-52) weeks and time to flare 16 (6-24) weeks. Additionally, eight studies evaluating tapering strategy were selected. The percentage of patients maintaining LDA or remission was reported in five studies and ranged between 53 and 100%. The remaining three studies reported the mean change in BASDAI and CRP after reducing the anti-TNF dose and did not observe any relevant increase in these parameters. Conclusion. Published data indicate that a tapering strategy for anti-TNF therapy is successful in maintaining remission or LDA in most patients with axial spondyloarthritis. However, a discontinuation strategy is not recommended because it leads to flare in most cases. Further studies with an appropriate design covering the whole spectrum of the disease are required to confirm these results. © The Author 2016. Source

Ramirez J.,Hospital Clinic and IDIBAPS | Ruiz-Esquide V.,Hospital Clinic and IDIBAPS | Pomes I.,Musculoskeletal Section | Celis R.,Hospital Clinic and IDIBAPS | And 6 more authors.
Arthritis Research and Therapy | Year: 2014

Introduction: The aim of this study was to identify and characterize subclinical synovitis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical remission using power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) and serum levels of biomarkers of inflammation and/or angiogenesis.Methods: We selected patients with RA in clinical remission defined as a Disease activity score of 28 joints (DAS28)-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) <2.6 for more than six months tested by two independent rheumatologists. Clinical, epidemiological, demographic and serological data were analyzed. PDUS of knees and hands was performed by a sonographer. Synovial hypertrophy (SH) and PDUS signal were scored (grades 0 to 3). SH ≥2 and a PDUS signal was classified as active synovitis. Serum levels of biomarkers of inflammation/angiogenesis were determined by Quantibody® Human Array.Results: This study included 55 patients, of whom 25 (45.4%) met criteria for ultrasound-defined active synovitis. Patients with active synovitis had higher DAS28-C reactive protein (P = 0.023), DAS28-ESR (P = 0.06), simplified disease activity score, SDAI (P = 0.064), and only 12% were taking oral glucocorticoids (≤5 mg/day) compared with 40% of patients without active synovitis (P = 0.044). Patients with synovitis also had significantly higher serum levels of the angiogenic biomarkers angiopoietin-2 (P = 0.038), vascular endothelial growth factor-D (P = 0.018), placental growth factor (P = 0.043), stromal cell-derived factor-1 (P = 0.035), matrix metallopeptidase-2 (P = 0.027) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) (P = 0.007), but not of pro-inflammatory cytokines.In the multivariate logistic regression model used to explore prognostic biomarkers for active synovitis, serum levels of bFGF, DAS28-ESR and not receiving glucocorticoids were the best predictors of active synovitis. The predictive indexes provided by the model were specificity 73.3%, sensitivity 72%, and area under the curve in receiver operating characteristic 81.5% (95% CI: 70.1% to 92.8%).Conclusions: Nearly half of the patients with RA in clinical remission had ultrasound-defined active synovitis, higher disease activity and less frequent oral glucocorticoid consumption than patients without active synovitis. This clinical situation was associated with a specific biological profile characterized by an excess of angiogenic mediators rather than persistent proinflammatory cytokine responses. © 2014 Ramírez et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Ribero S.,Imperial College London | Davies J.R.,University of Leeds | Carrera C.,Hospital Clinic and IDIBAPS | Glass D.,Imperial College London | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Cancer | Year: 2015

A high number of nevi is the most significant phenotypic risk factor for melanoma and is in part genetically determined. The number of nevi decreases from middle age onward but this senescence can be delayed in patients with melanoma. We investigated the effects of nevus number count on sentinel node status and melanoma survival in a large cohort of melanoma cases. Out of 2,184 melanoma cases, 684 (31.3%) had a high nevus count (>50). High nevus counts were associated with favorable prognostic factors such as lower Breslow thickness, less ulceration and lower mitotic rate, despite adjustment for age. Nevus count was not predictive of sentinel node status. The crude 5- and 10-year melanoma-specific survival rate was higher in melanomas cases with a high nevus count compared to those with a low nevus count (91.2 vs. 86.4% and 87.2 vs. 79%, respectively). The difference in survival remained significant after adjusting for all known melanoma prognostic factors (hazard ratio [HR]=0.43, confidence interval [CI]=0.21-0.89). The favorable prognostic value of a high nevus count was also seen within the positive sentinel node subgroup of patients (HR=0.22, CI=0.08-0.60). High nevus count is associated with a better melanoma survival, even in the subgroup of patients with positive sentinel lymph node. This suggests a different biological behavior of melanoma tumors in patients with an excess of nevi. © 2015 UICC. Source

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