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De La Haba-Rodriguez J.,Hospital Reina Sofia | Mancha R.G.,Hospital Virgen del Rocio | Manga G.P.,Hospital Gregorio Maranon | Aguilar E.A.,Hospital Reina Sofia | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Breast Cancer | Year: 2010

Background: Metastatic breast cancer remains largely incurable. Strategies involving the combination of the selective estrogen receptor modulator tamoxifen and chemotherapy have been abandoned in view of unacceptable toxicity because of thromboembolic events. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of the third-generation steroidal aromatase inhibitor exemestane plus chemotherapy. Patients and Methods: Postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer received 6 cycles of intravenous chemotherapy (5-fluorouracil [5-FU], epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide) and exemestane 25 mg/day that was continued after chemotherapy was completed. The primary efficacy endpoint was time to progression (TTP), and response rates were also assessed. Safety was assessed from adverse events. Results: Twenty-three patients (median age, 62 years) were included in this study. Twenty patients completed 6 chemotherapy cycles. Median TTP was 13.7 months. Overall response was achieved by 20 patients (73.9%), and the clinical benefit rate was 87%. During the chemotherapy plus exemestane treatments, 50 adverse events were reported in 14 of the 23 patients (60.9%). As expected, the incidence of adverse events decreased during the phase of exemestane treatment alone (19 adverse events in 10 of 20 patients [50%]). There were 2 grade 4 events reported, pulmonary embolism and pneumonia, although pneumonia was not considered to be related. Conclusion: Although a small number of patients were included, the combination of exemestane and chemotherapy was well tolerated and only 1 thromboembolic event was reported. Response rates were similar to other comparable series and may encourage further studies to confirm the efficacy of chemotherapy in combination with an aromatase inhibitor. Source

Casanova C.,Hospital Universitario Ntra Sra Of La Candelaria | Marin J.M.,Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet | Marin J.M.,CIBER ISCIII | Martinez-Gonzalez C.,Hospital Central de Asturias | And 46 more authors.
Respiratory Research | Year: 2014

Rationale: Little is known about the longitudinal changes associated with using the 2013 update of the multidimensional GOLD strategy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Objective: To determine the COPD patient distribution of the new GOLD proposal and evaluate how this classification changes over one year compared with the previous GOLD staging based on spirometry only.Methods: We analyzed data from the CHAIN study, a multicenter observational Spanish cohort of COPD patients who are monitored annually. Categories were defined according to the proposed GOLD: FEV1%, mMRC dyspnea, COPD Assessment Test (CAT), Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ), and exacerbations-hospitalizations. One-year follow-up information was available for all variables except CCQ data.Results: At baseline, 828 stable COPD patients were evaluated. On the basis of mMRC dyspnea versus CAT, the patients were distributed as follows: 38.2% vs. 27.2% in group A, 17.6% vs. 28.3% in group B, 15.8% vs. 12.9% in group C, and 28.4% vs. 31.6% in group D. Information was available for 526 patients at one year: 64.2% of patients remained in the same group but groups C and D show different degrees of variability. The annual progression by group was mainly associated with one-year changes in CAT scores (RR, 1.138; 95%CI: 1.074-1.206) and BODE index values (RR, 2.012; 95%CI: 1.487-2.722).Conclusions: In the new GOLD grading classification, the type of tool used to determine the level of symptoms can substantially alter the group assignment. A change in category after one year was associated with longitudinal changes in the CAT and BODE index. © 2014 Casanova et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Casanova C.,University of La Laguna | Marin J.M.,Hospital Universitario Miguel ServetZaragoza | Martinez-Gonzalez C.,Hospital Universitario Central Of Asturias | De Lucas-Ramos P.,Universitario Gregorio MaranonMadrid | And 25 more authors.
Chest | Year: 2015

OBJECTIVE: The modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea, the COPD Assessment Test (CAT), and the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) have been interchangeably proposed by GOLD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) for assessing symptoms in patients with COPD. However, there are no data on the prognostic value of these tools in terms of mortality. We endeavored to evaluate the prognostic value of the CAT and CCQ scores and compare them with mMRC dyspnea. METHODS: We analyzed the ability of these tests to predict mortality in an observational cohort of 768 patients with COPD (82% men; FEV1, 60%) from the COPD History Assessment in Spain (CHAIN) study, a multicenter observational Spanish cohort, who were monitored annually for a mean follow-up time of 38 months. RESULTS: Subjects who died (n = 73; 9.5%) had higher CAT (14 vs 11, P = .022), CCQ (1.6 vs 1.3, P = .033), and mMRC dyspnea scores (2 vs 1, P < .001) than survivors. Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that higher CAT, CCQ, and mMRC dyspnea scores were associated with higher mortality (area under the curve: 0.589, 0.588, and 0.649, respectively). CAT scores ≥ 17 and CCQ scores > 2.5 provided a similar sensitivity than mMRC dyspnea scores ≥ 2 to predict all-cause mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The CAT and the CCQ have similar ability for predicting all-cause mortality in patients with COPD, but were inferior to mMRC dyspnea scores. We suggest new thresholds for CAT and CCQ scores based on mortality risk that could be useful for the new GOLD grading classification. TRIAL REGISTRY: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT01122758; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov © 2015 AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CHEST PHYSICIANS. Source

Panizo C.,University of Navarra | Rodriguez A.J.,Hospital Vall d Hebron | Gutierrez G.,Hospital Clinico de Barcelona | Diaz F.J.,Hospital Clinico Universitario | And 15 more authors.
Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia | Year: 2015

Introduction Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a heterogeneous entity, showing a highly variable outcome. In patients with DLBCL relapsed/refractory to first-line treatment with rituximab the usefulness of the revised International Prognostic Index (R-IPI) as a prognostic tool remains unexplored. Some biological parameters (B-cell lymphoma 6 [Bcl-6], Bcl-2, p53, and multiple myeloma 1 [MUM1]) and blood populations (lymphocyte and monocyte counts) have been described as International Prognostic Index-independent prognostic factors. The objective was to evaluate the R-IPI to predict the outcome of DLBCL patients at the time of relapse after a front-line treatment with chemotherapy and rituximab and to establish in this population the relationship between biological parameters and outcome. Patients and Methods We included patients with refractory/relapsed DLBCL after first-line treatment with rituximab-containing regimens; patients must have already finished a rescue treatment also including rituximab. Immunohistochemical assessment of Bcl-2, Bcl-6, p53, and MUM1 expression were undertaken in available biopsies. R-IPI factors were identified from the clinical data at diagnosis and at relapse. Response was assessed using National Cancer Institute-sponsored Working Group guidelines. Results R-IPI prognosis at relapse was not significantly associated with overall response rate (ORR) after Rituximab-chemotherapy rescue therapy. None of the immunohistochemical parameters analyzed correlated with rescue therapy results. In contrast, patients with absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) ≥ 1 × 109/L at relapse were more likely to respond than patients with ALC < 1 × 109/L (P =.05). Conclusion The R-IPI score calculated at relapse could not predict the ORR to second-line treatment. Lymphopenia is a simple and useful predictor for outcome in relapsed/refractory DLBCL and the only prognostic factor that in our hands could predict the overall response to a second-line treatment with rituximab and chemotherapy. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Bernet L.,Hospital Lluis Alcanyis | Cano R.,Hospital Lluis Alcanyis | Martinez M.,Hospital de la Ribera | Duenas B.,Hospital de la Ribera | And 12 more authors.
Histopathology | Year: 2011

Aims: Standardization of the sentinel node (SN) as a diagnostic tool has not yet been achieved, because the protocol for histopathological study is highly variable between centres. We compared the results of a new method with conventional histological tests and evaluated its feasibility for intra-operative evaluation, and propose it as a method to standardize the sentinel node evaluation procedure. Methods and results: Trial 1 included 181 cases; in parallel, 2-mm-thick sections of the SN were processed alternately for histological analysis and for the one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) procedure. A final concordance of 99.45% was observed in the first trial of our study. For trial 2, the timing of every procedural step was recorded in an electronic database in order to discern the time spent for each step, the total SN evaluation time and to identify areas of improvement. In the second trial, after a learning period and feedback on data recorded, we spent a mean of 31min for the entire SN evaluation procedure. Conclusion: Our multi-centric trial using the OSNA assay for sentinel node evaluation in breast cancer demonstrates that this is a highly sensitive, specific and reproducible technique that allows for standardization of the SN diagnostic procedure, a necessary, and until now unresolved, issue. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Limited. Source

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