České Budějovice, Czech Republic
České Budějovice, Czech Republic

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Pospisilova D.,Palacky University | Cmejlova J.,Institute of Haematology and Blood Transfusion | Ludikova B.,Palacky University | Stary J.,Charles University | And 7 more authors.
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases | Year: 2012

Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare inherited bone marrow failure syndrome diagnosed in early infancy that is characterized by a (a) macrocytic anemia with no other significant cytopenia, (b) reticulocytopenia, and (c) normal bone marrow cellularity with a paucity of erythroid precursors. Physical anomalies are often present. Mutations in several ribosomal proteins have been associated with the disease. Here we present a detailed description of 39 patients from 34 families enrolled in the Czech National Diamond-Blackfan Anemia Registry. Erythrocyte adenosine deaminase activity and serum erythropoietin levels were measured and bone marrow analysis and clonogenic assays were carried out. Twenty-two different ribosomal proteins were sequenced.We identified mutations in five different ribosomal proteins in 28/39 patients (71.8%) from 23/34 families (67.6%). Several new mutations are described. The most interesting data relate to genotype-phenotype correlations. All patients with ribosomal protein L5 or ribosomal protein L11 mutations have a thumb defect usually with one or more other anomalies. Most of these patients were born small for gestational age and currently have short stature. We also described five patients with a ribosomal protein S26 mutation. All of the latter are transfusion-dependent and they exhibit skeletal abnormalities rather than thumb or craniofacial deformities. Patients with ribosomal protein S19 seem to bear mildest associated anomalies, usually in a craniofacial region. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Volejnikova J.,Charles University | Mejstrikova E.,Charles University | Valova T.,Charles University | Reznickova L.,Charles University | And 12 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2011

Background Most minimal residual disease-directed treatment interventions in current treatment protocols for acute lymphoblastic leukemia are based on bone marrow testing, which is a consequence of previous studies showing the superiority of bone marrow over peripheral blood as an investigational material. Those studies typically did not explore the prognostic impact of peripheral blood involvement and lacked samples from very early time points of induction. Design and Methods In this study, we employed real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis to examine minimal residual disease in 398 pairs of blood and bone marrow follow-up samples taken from 95 children with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with the ALL ICBFM 2002 protocol. Results We confirmed the previously published poor correlation between minimal residual disease in blood and marrow at early treatment time points, with levels in bone marrow being higher than in blood in most samples (median 7.9-fold, range 0.04-8,293-fold). A greater involvement of peripheral blood at diagnosis was associated with a higher white blood cell count at diagnosis (P=0.003) and with enlargement of the spleen (P=0.0004) and liver (P=0.05). At day 15, a level of minimal residual disease in blood lower than 10-4 was associated with an excellent 5-year relapse-free survival in 78 investigated patients (100% versus 69±7%; P=0.0003). Subgroups defined by the level of minimal residual disease in blood at day 15 (high-risk: ≥10-2, intermediate-risk: <10-2 and ≥10-4, standard-risk: <10-4) partially correlated with bone marrowbased stratification described previously, but the risk groups did not match completely. No other time point analyses were predictive of outcome in peripheral blood, except for a weak association at day 8. Conclusions Minimal residual disease in peripheral blood at day 15 identified a large group of patients with an excellent prognosis and added prognostic information to the risk stratification based on minimal residual disease at day 33 and week 12. © 2011 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

Rudenko N.,Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic | Golovchenko M.,Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic | Honig V.,Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic | Mallatova N.,Regional Hospital Ceske Budejovice | And 7 more authors.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology | Year: 2013

Comparative analysis of ospC genes from 127 Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto strains collected in European and North American regions where Lyme disease is endemic and where it is not endemic revealed a close relatedness of geographically distinct populations. ospC alleles A, B, and L were detected on both continents in vectors and hosts, including humans. Six ospC alleles, A, B, L, Q, R, and V, were prevalent in Europe; 4 of them were detected in samples of human origin. Ten ospC alleles, A, B, D, E3, F, G, H, H3, I3, and M, were identified in the far-western United States. Four ospC alleles, B, G, H, and L, were abundant in the southeastern United States. Here we present the first expanded analysis of ospC alleles of B. burgdorferi strains from the southeastern United States with respect to their relatedness to strains from other North American and European localities.Wedemonstrate that ospC genotypes commonly associated with human Lyme disease in European and North American regions where the disease is endemic were detected in B. burgdorferi strains isolated from the non-human-biting tick Ixodes affinis and rodent hosts in the southeastern United States.Wediscovered that some ospC alleles previously known only from Europe are widely distributed in the southeastern United States, a finding that confirms the hypothesis of transoceanic migration of Borrelia species. © 2013, American Society for Microbiology.

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