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De La Sierra A.,University of Barcelona | Banegas J.R.,Autonomous University | Segura J.,Hypertension Unit | Gorostidi M.,Hospital Central de Asturias | Ruilope L.M.,Hypertension Unit
Journal of Hypertension

Background and Aim: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is superior to conventional BP measurement in predicting outcome, with baseline 24-h, daytime and night-time absolute values, as well as relative nocturnal decline, as powerful determinants of prognosis. We aimed to evaluate ABPM estimates on the appearance of cardiovascular events and mortality in a cohort of high-risk treated hypertensive patients. Methods and Results: A total of 2115 treated hypertensive patients with high or very high added risk were evaluated by means of office and 24-h ABPM. Cardiovascular events and mortality were assessed after a median follow-up of 4 years. Two hundred and sixty-eight patients (12.7%) experienced a primary event (nonfatal coronary or cerebrovascular event, heart failure hospitalization or cardiovascular death) and 114 died (45 from cardiovascular causes). In a multiple Cox regression model, and after adjusting for baseline cardiovascular risk and office BP, night-time SBP predicted cardiovascular events [hazard ratio for each SD increase: 1.45; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.29-1.59]. Values above 130 mmHg increased the risk by 52% in comparison to values less than 115 mmHg. Conclusion: In addition to clinical determinants of cardiovascular risk and conventional BP, ABPM performed during treatment adds prognostic significance on the development of cardiovascular events in high-risk hypertensive patients. Among different ABPM-derived values, night-time SBP is the most potent predictor of outcome. © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Bennouna J.,Institute Of Cancerologie Of Louest | Sastre J.,Hospital Clinico San Carlos | Arnold D.,University of Hamburg | Osterlund P.,University of Helsinki | And 13 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology

Background: Bevacizumab plus fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy is standard treatment for first-line and bevacizumab-naive second-line metastatic colorectal cancer. We assessed continued use of bevacizumab plus standard second-line chemotherapy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer progressing after standard first-line bevacizumab-based treatment. Methods: In an open-label, phase 3 study in 220 centres in Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland, patients (aged ≥18 years) with unresectable, histologically confirmed metastatic colorectal cancer progressing up to 3 months after discontinuing first-line bevacizumab plus chemotherapy were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to second-line chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab 2·5 mg/kg per week equivalent (either 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks or 7·5 mg/kg every 3 weeks, intravenously). The choice between oxaliplatin-based or irinotecan-based second-line chemotherapy depended on the first-line regimen (switch of chemotherapy). A combination of a permuted block design and the Pocock and Simon minimisation algorithm was used for the randomisation. The primary endpoint was overall survival, analysed by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00700102. Findings: Between Feb 1, 2006, and June 9, 2010, 409 (50%) patients were assigned to bevacizumab plus chemotherapy and 411 (50%) to chemotherapy alone. Median follow-up was 11·1 months (IQR 6·4-15·6) in the bevacizumab plus chemotherapy group and 9·6 months (5·4-13·9) in the chemotherapy alone group. Median overall survival was 11·2 months (95% CI 10·4-12·2) for bevacizumab plus chemotherapy and 9·8 months (8·9-10·7) for chemotherapy alone (hazard ratio 0·81, 95% CI 0·69-0·94; unstratified log-rank test p=0·0062). Grade 3-5 bleeding or haemorrhage (eight [2%] vs one [<1%]), gastrointestinal perforation (seven [2%] vs three [<1%]), and venous thromboembolisms (19 [5%] vs 12 [3%]) were more common in the bevacizumab plus chemotherapy group than in the chemotherapy alone group. The most frequently reported grade 3-5 adverse events were neutropenia (65 [16%] in the bevacizumab and chemotherapy group vs 52 [13%] in the chemotherapy alone group), diarrhoea (40 [10%] vs 34 [8%], respectively), and asthenia (23 [6%] vs 17 [4%], respectively). Treatment-related deaths were reported for four patients in the bevacizumab plus chemotherapy group and three in the chemotherapy alone group. Interpretation: Maintenance of VEGF inhibition with bevacizumab plus standard second-line chemotherapy beyond disease progression has clinical benefits in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. This approach is also being investigated in other tumour types, including metastatic breast and non-small cell lung cancers. Funding: F Hoffmann-La Roche. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Rodriguez A.P.G.,Hospital Central de Asturias
Advances in Therapy

The introduction of new agents in the treatment of multiple myeloma, such as thalidomide, bortezomib, or lenalidomide, has represented an important step forward in the management of this disease, with improvement in both treatment response and patient survival. On the other hand, when new drugs are used it is very important to know their associated toxicity, since adequate management of the adverse effects can help to avoid unnecessary treatment interruptions - thereby undoubtedly contributing to improvement in the efficacy of therapy. The present study reviews the main hematological and nonhematological adverse effects potentially associated with the use of lenalidomide in its most common combinations used for the treatment of multiple myeloma, and the recommendations for dealing with such effects. © Springer Healthcare 2011. Source

Dominguez-Rodriguez A.,Hospital Universitario Of Canarias | Abreu-Gonzalez P.,University of La Laguna | Avanzas P.,Hospital Central de Asturias
American Journal of Cardiology

The development of left ventricular remodeling (LVR) after myocardial infarction is associated with a high risk of heart failure and death. LVR is difficult to predict, and limited information is available on the association of cardiac biomarkers and LVR. Growth-differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is induced during heart failure development and, in animals models, might influence the different processes involved in cardiac remodeling. The aim of the present investigation was to assess the association between the serum levels of GDF-15 within the first 24 hours of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and the development of subsequent LVR at 12 months of follow-up. This prospective study included 97 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Echocardiography was performed in all patients within the first 96 hours of admission and at 12 months of follow-up. LVR was defined as a >20% increase in the left ventricular end-diastolic volume at 12 months of follow-up compared to baseline. Blood samples for the determination of GDF-15 and brain natriuretic peptide were obtained within the first 24 hours after symptom onset. According to the pre-established criteria, 21 patients (22%) had LVR. Patients with LVR had greater levels of GDF-15 at study entry (median 3,439 pg/ml, interquartile range 2,391 to 6,168 vs median 1998 pg/ml, interquartile range 1,204 to 3,067, respectively; p <0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that GDF-15 (odds ratio 10.1, 95% confidence interval 2.5 to 40.1, p <0.001) and treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (odds ratio 3.9, 95% confidence interval 1.2 to 12.3, p <0.01) were independents predictors of LVR. Receiving operating characteristics analysis showed an area under the curve of 0.77 for GDF-15 (95% confidence interval 0.67 to 0.84, p <0.001). In conclusion, the results of the present study have identified GDF-15 as an independent marker of LVR in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Alvarez-Mugica M.,Tumor Markers Group | Fernandez-Gomez J.M.,Hospital Universitario Central Of Asturias | Cebrian V.,Tumor Markers Group | Fresno F.,Hospital Central de Asturias | And 2 more authors.
European Urology

Background: Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is a standard treatment to reduce tumor recurrence and delay progression of high-risk non-muscle-invasive (NMI) bladder tumors. However, it is not clear yet which patients are more likely to respond to BCG. Objective: The aim was to evaluate the role of polyamine-modulated factor-1 (PMF-1) methylation in predicting clinical outcome of T1 high-grade (T1HG) bladder tumors treated with BCG. Design, setting, and participants: In a retrospective design, PMF-1 methylation was analyzed on tumor specimens belonging to 108 patients with T1HG NMI bladder cancer undergoing BCG treatment. Median follow-up was 77 mo (range: 5-235 mo). Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: PMF-1 methylation was assessed by methylation-specific polymerase chain reactions. Recurrence, progression into muscle-invasive tumors, and disease-specific survival rates were analyzed using competing risks regression analysis. Results and limitations: Among the 108 patients analyzed, 35 had recurring disease (32.4%), 21 progressed (19.4%), and 16 died of disease (14.8%); 71.3% of tumors had PMF-1 methylation. Univariate analyses using cumulative incidence curves revealed that an unmethylated PMF-1 was significantly associated with increased recurrence (p = 0.026), progression (p = 0.01), and shorter disease-specific survival (log-rank, p = 0.03). Multivariate analyses indicated that among sex, age, focality, tumor size, and concomitant carcinoma in situ, only PMF-1 methylation provided significant hazard ratios (HRs) for recurrence of (HR: 2.032; p = 0.042), and progression (HR: 2.910; p = 0.020). Limitations of the study include its retrospective design, lymphovascular invasion status not available, short maintenance BCG, and that a second transurethral resection was not performed. Conclusions: Epigenetic analyses revealed that the methylation status of PMF-1 was associated with the clinical outcome of patients with T1HG tumors undergoing BCG treatment. An unmethylated PMF-1 correlated to recurrence and progression in T1HG disease using univariate and multivariate analyses. Thus, assessing the methylation status of PMF-1 may serve to distinguish patients responding to BCG from those who may require more aggressive therapeutic approaches. © 2012 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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