Pericay Pijaume C.,Corporacio Sanitaria Parc Tauli |
Escudero Emperador P.,Hospital Clinico Universitario Lozano Blesa |
Bastus Piulats R.,Hospital Mutua de Terrassa |
Campos Cervera J.M.,Hospital Universitario Arnau Of Vilanova |
And 7 more authors.
Clinical and Translational Oncology | Year: 2011
Aim: Advanced pancreatic cancer has a bad prognosis, with a median overall survival (OS) no longer than 4-6 months. Since the end of last century, monotherapy with gemcitabine has remained the elective therapy, but new schedules are needed in order to improve these results. We aim to evaluate the efficacy of tegafur and levofolinic acid (LV) associated with gemcitabine, as well as its toxicity, progressionfree survival and OS in advanced pancreatic cancer. Patients and methods: An open-label, multicentric, prospective, non-controlled trial was carried out on patients with advanced or disseminated pancreatic cancer. Gemcitabine 1250 mg/m2 was administered on the 1st and 8th days of the cycle, tegafur 750 mg/m2/day for 21 consecutive days and LV 25 mg/day continuously, every 28 days, with a maximum of six cycles. The primary variable was tumour overall response rate (ORR). Secondarily, time to progression (TTP), OS and scheme toxicity were determined. Results: Forty patients were recruited; the male/female ratio was 30:10, with a mean age of 61 years. Forty percent had a Karnofsky index of 90% or 100%. Only 11 patients (27%) completed the six cycles of treatment, but more than 50% received three or more cycles. Dose intensity was 89.56% for gemcitabine and 87.36% for tegafur. Efficacy ORR was 22.5% (CI 95%, 6-37%). TTP was 3.87 months (CI 95%, 2.1-5.6), time to treatment failure was 2.97 months (CI 95%, 2.43-4.67) and OS 6.3 months (CI 95%, 4-7). The chemotherapeutic combination was well accepted; most haematologic and non-haematologic toxicities were grade 1 or 2. The most prevalent grade 3/4 toxicities were asthenia (30%), liver biochemistry disorders (25%), diarrhoea (15%) and stomatitis (12%). Conclusions: The administration of gemcitabine, associated with oral tegafur and leucovorin, has activity against advanced pancreatic cancer, with an adequate toxicity profile. © 2011 Feseo. Source
Salazar J.,Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau |
Salazar J.,Center for Biomedical Network Research on Rare Diseases |
Altes A.,Hospital Althaia |
Del Rio E.,Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau |
And 11 more authors.
Pharmacogenomics Journal | Year: 2012
Recent advances in treatment for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) have significantly increased outcome. High-dose methotrexate (MTX) is the most commonly used regimen during the consolidation period, but the optimal dose remains to be defined. We investigated the usefulness of the MTHFR genotype to increase the MTX dosage in the consolidation phase in 141 childhood ALL patients enrolled in the ALL/SHOP-2005 protocol. We also investigated the pharmacogenetic role of polymorphisms in genes involved in MTX metabolism on therapy-related toxicity and survival. Patients with a favourable MTHFR genotype (normal enzymatic activity) treated with MTX doses of 5 g m -2 had a significantly lower risk of suffering an event than patients with an unfavourable MTHFR genotype (reduced enzymatic activity) that were treated with the classical MTX dose of 3 g m -2 (P=0.012). Our results indicate that analysis of the MTHFR genotype is a useful tool to optimise MTX therapy in childhood patients with ALL. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Source
Perez De La Ossa N.,Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol |
Perez De La Ossa N.,Hospital Universitari Germans Trias jol |
Abilleira S.,CIBER ISCIII |
Dorado L.,Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol |
And 15 more authors.
Stroke | Year: 2016
Background and Purpose - Since demonstration of the benefit of endovascular treatment (EVT) in acute ischemic stroke patients with proximal arterial occlusion, stroke care systems need to be reorganized to deliver EVT in a timely and equitable way. We analyzed differences in the access to EVT by geographical areas in Catalonia, a territory with a highly decentralized stroke model. Methods - We studied 965 patients treated with EVT from a prospective multicenter population-based registry of stroke patients treated with reperfusion therapies in Catalonia, Spain (SONIIA). Three different areas were defined: (A) health areas primarily covered by Comprehensive Stroke Centers, (B) areas primarily covered by local stroke centers located less than hour away from a Comprehensive Stroke Center, and (C) areas primarily covered by local stroke centers located more than hour away from a Comprehensive Stroke Center. We compared the number of EVT×100 000 inhabitants/year and time from stroke onset to groin puncture between groups. Results - Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. Throughout the study period, there were significant differences in the population rates of EVT across geographical areas. EVT rates by 100 000 in 2015 were 10.5 in A area, 3.7 in B, and 2.7 in C. Time from symptom onset to groin puncture was 82 minutes longer in group B (312 minutes [245-435]) and 120 minutes longer in group C (350 minutes [284-408]) compared with group A (230 minutes [160-407]; P<0.001). Conclusions - Accessibility to EVT from remote areas is hampered by lower rate and longer time to treatment compared with areas covered directly by Comprehensive Stroke Centers. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc. Source
Vives S.,ICO Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol |
Vives S.,University of Barcelona |
Oriol A.,ICO Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol |
Oriol A.,University of Barcelona |
And 8 more authors.
European Journal of Haematology | Year: 2015
Objectives: A multicentre prospective non-randomised study of de novo acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) in patients aged ≥70 yr was designed to reduce toxicity and achieve acceptable complete remission (CR) rates. Methods: The outpatient treatment included induction with oral fludarabine, subcutaneous cytarabine and subcutaneous filgrastim (FAG). The patients received more induction cycles according to the response achieved. If there was no response to induction with FAG, the following induction cycle included oral idarubicin, subcutaneous cytarabine and subcutaneous filgrastim (IAG). Patients achieving CR received one intensification (FAG on response to previous FAG or alternatively IAG) and one consolidation cycle (IAG). Results: Thirty patients were enrolled from April 2004 to June 2007. The median age was 73 yr (range 70-77). Fifteen patients (50%) achieved CR. The 2-yr DFS was 29% (95% CI, 5-47%), and the 2-yr OS was 23% (95% CI, 12-35%). Twenty-five of 69 cycles (36%) were managed on a completely outpatient basis. The median hospital stay per cycle was 10 d (95% CI, 3-25). Conclusions: This study demonstrates the tolerability and efficacy of a semi-intensive treatment in elderly de novo patients with AML managed on an outpatient basis, without substantial toxicity. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source
Esquerdo G.,Clinica Benidorm |
Domenech M.,Fundacio Althaia |
Lopez P.,Hospital General Virgen de Las Nieves |
Pedro C.,Hospital Del Mar |
And 27 more authors.
Tumori | Year: 2014
Aims and background. The present study aims to describe the hematological response to darbepoetin alfa (DA) under daily clinical practice conditions in anemic elderly patients with non-myeloid tumors receiving chemotherapy. Methods and study design. This was a prospective, observational, multicenter study in elderly (≥65 years) patients with non-myeloid cancer receiving DA (500 g every 3 weeks) for chemotherapy-induced anemia (hemoglobin [Hb] level ≤11.0 g/dL). Results. A total of 102 anemic patients with solid tumors and 51 with hematological malignancies were included in 28 centers in Spain. Mean age (±SD) was 73.4 (±5.8) years, and mean baseline Hb level was 10.0 (±0.8) g/dL. DA was administered for a median of 8 weeks. Of the 115 subjects with a post-baseline Hb value, the percentage of patients who achieved a hematopoietic response (Hb increase ≥2 g/dL or reaching ≥12 g/dL without transfusions in the previous 28 days) was 69.7% (95% CI 56.1% to 83.3%). Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Fatigue subscale scores increased during the study (median change 1.0 [Q1 -5.0, Q3 9.0], P = 0.04). One patient (0.7%) experienced a non-serious adverse reaction (cutaneous rash). Conclusion. The study results suggest that DA is an effective and well-tolerated therapy for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced anemia in elderly patients. Copyright - Il Pensiero Scientifico Editore. Source