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Częstochowa, Poland

Cialkowska-Rysz A.D.,Medical University of Lodz | Pokropska W.,Elblg Hospice of Dr. Aleksandra Gabrysiak | Luczak J.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | Kaptacz A.,Hospice | And 3 more authors.
Archives of Medical Science | Year: 2016

Introduction: The main task of palliative care units is to provide a dignified life for people with advanced progressive chronic disease through appropriate symptom management, communication between medical specialists and the patient and his family, as well as the coordination of care. Many palliative care units struggle with low incomes from the National Health Fund (NHF), which causes serious economic problems. The aim of the study was to estimate of direct and administrative costs of care and the actual cost per patient per day in selected palliative care units and comparison of the results to the valuation of the NHF. Material and methods: The study of the costs of hospitalization of 175 patients was conducted prospectively in five palliative care units (PCUs). The costs directly associated with care were recorded on the specially prepared forms in each unit and also personnel and administrative costs provided by the accounting departments. Results: The total costs of analyzed units amounted to 209 002 EUR (898 712 PLN), while the payment for palliative care services from the NHF amounted to 126 010 EUR (541 844 PLN), which accounted for only 60% of the costs incurred by the units. The average cost per person per day of hospitalization, calculated according to the actual duration of hospitalization in the unit, was 83 EUR (357 PLN), and the average payment from the NHF was 52.8 EUR (227 PLN). Underpayment per person per day was approximately 29.2 EUR (125 PLN). Conclusions: The study showed a significant difference between the actual cost of palliative care units and the level of refund from the NHF. Based on the analysis of costs, the application has been submitted to the NHF to change the reimbursement amount of palliative care services in 2013. © 2016 Termedia & Banach. Source


Kanemura S.,Hospice | Tanimukai H.,Osaka University | Tsuneto S.,Osaka University
Journal of Palliative Medicine | Year: 2010

The patient was a 57-year-old woman with malignant pleural mesothelioma. She had a past history of anxiety neurosis but not had any history of otological diseases. On admission to our hospice (day 1), she complained of dyspnea and wheezing associated with the progression of her underlying disease. After we started oral betamethasone (2mg/d), dyspnea was alleviated and the frequency of wheezing was reduced. On day 3, she began to experience musical hallucinations that were manifested in opera/piano concert music and a child's voice. The episodes of musical hallucinations occurred approximately 10 times a day and disappeared spontaneously within several minutes. She had not experienced these symptoms before. We reduced the dose of betamethasone to 1mg/d, but the musical hallucinations continued. Then on day 11, we switched betamethasone (1mg/d) to prednisolone (10mg/d) and we then gradually tapered off prednisolone. The frequency of musical hallucinations decreased and she ceased to experience musical hallucinations on day 29. However, on day 40, her dyspnea was aggravated again, so we started treatment with prednisolone (5mg/d). Dyspnea was alleviated and no musical hallucinations occurred. On Day 51, dyspnea was worsened and we switched prednisolone to betamethasone (4mg/d), which she hoped to use. The betamethasone alleviated the dyspnea but she developed musical hallucinations that were similar to the previous episodes. The musical hallucinations disappeared spontaneously 4-5 days later without changing the betamethasone. Musical hallucinations never occurred thereafter. She later died due to the exacerbation of disease. © 2010 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source


Wei X.,Liaocheng Peoples Hospital | Jin Y.,Reproductive Center | Tian Y.,Hospice | Zhang H.,Liaocheng Peoples Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2015

Multiple factors in the tumor microenvironment were found to inhibit antitumor adaptive immune responses, allowing tumor persistence and growth. In this study, ascites from ovarian cancer patients were collected. We observed that a population of interleukin-10+ B (IL-10+ B) cells was preferentially enriched in the ascites. This population was associated with naive B cell phenotype or IgM or class-switched memory B cell phenotypes. The frequencies of IL-10+ B cells were negatively correlated with the frequencies of interferon gamma-producing (IFN-g+) CD8+ T cells and were positively correlated with the frequencies of Foxp3+ CD4+ T cells. To examine whether increased IL-10+ B cells in ascites could directly result in increased suppression of IFN-g production by CD8+ T cells, we cocultured CD8+ T cells with autologous blood B cells or ascitic B cells and found that CD8+ T cells cocultured with ascitic B cells demonstrated significantly suppressed IFN-g production. This suppression was in part mediated by IL-10 as well as low CD80/CD86 expression, since depletion of IL-10 and stimulation of CD28 partially reverted IL-10+ B cell-mediated suppression. Together, these data demonstrated an additional regulatory mechanism in the tumor microenvironment, which utilizes IL-10+ B cells. © 2015 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) Source


Maranzano E.,Radiotherapy Center | De Angelis V.,Hospice | Pergolizzi S.,Radiotherapy Center | Lupattelli M.,University of Perugia | And 17 more authors.
Radiotherapy and Oncology | Year: 2010

Purpose: A prospective observational multicentre trial was carried out to assess the incidence, pattern, and prognostic factors of radiation-induced emesis (RIE), and to evaluate the use of antiemetic drugs in patients treated with radiotherapy or concomitant radio-chemotherapy. The application in clinical practice of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer guidelines was also studied. Materials and methods: Forty-five Italian radiation oncology centres took part in this trial. The accrual lasted for 3 consecutive weeks and only patients starting radiotherapy or concomitant radio-chemotherapy in this period were enrolled. Evaluation was based on diary card filled in daily by patients during treatment and one week after stopping it. Diary card recorded the intensity of nausea/vomiting and prophylactic/symptomatic antiemetic drug prescriptions. Results: A total of 1020 patients entered into the trial, and 1004 were evaluable. Vomiting and nausea occurred in 11.0% and 27.1% of patients, respectively, and 27.9% patients had both vomiting and nausea. In multifactorial analysis, the only statistically significant patient-related risk factors were concomitant chemotherapy and previous experience of vomiting induced by chemotherapy. Moreover, two radiotherapy-related factors were significant risk factors for RIE, the irradiated site (upper abdomen) and field size (>400 cm2). An antiemetic drug was given only to a minority (17%) of patients receiving RT, and the prescriptions were prophylactic in 12.4% and symptomatic in 4.6%. Different compounds and a wide range of doses and schedules were used. Conclusions: These data were similar to those registered in our previous observational trial, and the radiation oncologists' attitude in underestimating RIE and under prescribing antiemetics was confirmed. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Schillani G.,University of Trieste | Capozzo M.A.,University of Trieste | Era D.,University of Trieste | De Vanna M.,University of Trieste | And 3 more authors.
Tumori | Year: 2011

Aims and background. In palliative care, few data are available on the diagnosis and treatment ofmood disorders and of difficulties ofmental adaptation to cancer for patients in the advanced phases of the disease. SSRI antidepressants are the treatment of choice; the 5-HTTLPR genetic polymorphism of the serotonin transporter (SERT) has been shown in psychiatry to significantly determine the therapeutic response and the incidence of adverse effects. The aim of the present investigation has been therefore to examine the effects of the SSRI antidepressant escitalopram, also considering 5-HTTLPR, on depression, anxiety andmental adaptation to cancer in palliative care. Methods and study design. Eighteen consecutive depressed patients with different forms of advanced cancer admitted to the Hospice Ass 6 of S. Vito al Tagliamento (Pordenone, Italy) were genotyped for the "s" and "l" variants of 5-HTTLPR and were treated with escitalopram. Their response after two weeks of treatment was psychometrically evaluated. Results. Treatment with escitalopram significantly decreased anxiety scores on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) (P = 0.006) as well as anxious preoccupation (P = 0.007) and hopelessness-helplessness (P = 0.017) scores on the Mini Mental Adjustment to Cancer (Mini-MAC) scale. When patients were stratified by SERT genotype, HADS anxiety was significantly decreased in patients carrying the "s/s" and "s/l" variants (P = 0.024), whereas those with an "l/l" genotype displayed a significant reduction of Mini-MAC anxious preoccupation (P = 0.018). Conclusions. The results of this study indicate that the use of SSRI antidepressants is effective in the palliative care of cancer patients, and their action affects not only depression but also the patients' mental adaptation to the disease. These results encourage further examination of these drugs in a larger cohort of patients. The significant contribution of pharmacogenetics indicates the possibility of personalized treatment with SSRIs in palliative care. Source

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