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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Chaput F.,Free University of Colombia | Amer R.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem | Baglivo E.,University of Geneva | Touitou V.,Hopital University La Pitie Salpetriere | And 9 more authors.
Ocular Immunology and Inflammation | Year: 2016

Purpose: To report on the clinical data of seven patients with T-cell intraocular lymphoma (IOL). Methods: Retrospective case series. Results: Seven immunocompetent patients, 12 eyes, 6 women, with T-cell-IOL were included from five countries. Mean age was 53.5 years (range: 25–82). Four patients had systemic-ocular lymphoma, two had CNS-ocular lymphoma, and one had systemic-CNS- ocular lymphoma. Vitritis was the most frequent clinical sign, followed by anterior uveitis and serous retinal detachment. Cytopathologic examination was performed on all ocular specimens (vitreous in six and iris mass biopsy in one patient). Adjunctive diagnostic procedures included immunohistochemistry, molecular tests, and cytokine profiling of vitreous samples. Treatment modalities included systemic chemotherapy (five patients), intravitreal methotrexate (three patients), globe radiotherapy, and intrathecal chemotherapy. Mean survival from diagnosis was 21.7 months (range: 2–69). Two patients are still alive. Conclusions: T-cell IOL has variable clinical manifestations and prognosis. Systemic involvement, SRD, and vitreoretinal involvement were frequently observed. © 2016, Taylor & Francis. All rights reserved.

Idbaih A.,Hopital University La Pitie Salpetriere | Idbaih A.,Paris-Sorbonne University | Idbaih A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Idbaih A.,French National Center for Scientific Research | And 8 more authors.
Revue Neurologique | Year: 2015

Primary brain tumors comprise a large group of malignant and non-malignant tumors including heterogeneous entities with various biological and clinical behaviors. Up till recently, diagnosis of brain cancers, that drives treatment decision-making, was based on integration of clinical, radiological and pathological features of patients and tumors. Over the last years, practical neuro-oncology has entered an era of molecular-based personalized medicine. Indeed, molecular features of tumors provide critical information to physicians for daily clinical management of patients and for design of relevant clinical research. Sporadic gliomas or glial tumors are the most common primary brain tumors in adults. Recently, their medical management has been revolutionized by molecular data. Indeed, optimal therapeutic management of grade III glioma patients now requires assessment of chromosome arms 1p/19q copy number and IDH mutational statuses as predictive and prognostic biomarkers. Indeed, two large phase III clinical trials have demonstrated that early chemotherapy plus radiotherapy, versus radiotherapy alone, doubles median overall survival of patients suffering from 1p/19q co-deleted and/or IDH mutated anaplastic oligodendroglial tumor. Interestingly, both biomarkers have been identified in a large proportion of WHO grade II gliomas. Their clinical value, in this population, is under investigation through multiple phase III clinical trials. In sporadic WHO grade I gliomas, and specifically in pilocytic astrocytomas, MAPK signaling pathway activation is a frequent event, mainly due to genetic alterations involving BRAF gene. This characteristic opens new therapeutic perspectives using MAPK signaling pathway inhibitors. Finally, in the most aggressive gliomas, WHO grade IV gliomas, two critical biomarkers have been identified: (i) MGMT promoter methylation associated with longer survival and better response to chemotherapy and (ii) IDH mutations predicting better prognosis. Although, further studies are needed, MGMT promoter methylation will undoubtedly be transferred soon to clinical practice. Molecular characteristics are beginning to be valuable and indispensable in neuro-oncology for better management of brain tumors patients. The near future will be marked by identification of novel molecular biomarkers and their validation for clinical practice. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Touat M.,University Paris - Sud | Duran-Pena A.,Hopital University La Pitie Salpetriere | Alentorn A.,Hopital University La Pitie Salpetriere | Alentorn A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 4 more authors.
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics | Year: 2015

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and devastating primary malignant brain tumor in adults. The past few years have seen major progress in our understanding of the molecular basis of GBM. These advances, which have contributed to the development of novel targeted therapies, will change the paradigms in GBM therapy from disease-based to individually tailored molecular target-based treatment. No validated circulating biomarkers have yet been integrated into clinical practice for GBM. There is thus a critical need to implement minimally invasive clinical tests enabling molecular stratification and prognosis assessment, as well as the prediction and monitoring of treatment response. After examination of data from recent studies exploring several categories of tumor-associated biomarkers (circulating tumor cells, extracellular vesicles, nucleic acids and oncometabolites) identified in the blood, cerebrospinal fluid and urine, this article discusses the challenges and prospects for the development of circulating biomarkers in GBM. © 2015 © Informa UK, Ltd.

Alentorn A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Alentorn A.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Alentorn A.,Paris-Sorbonne University | Alentorn A.,Institute Du Cerveau Et Of La Moelle Epiniere | And 30 more authors.
Journal of Neuro-Oncology | Year: 2015

DNA and histone methylation are post-transcriptional modifications that have been recently described in gliomas. Indeed, glioma CpG island hypermethylated phenotype has been identified as prognostic biomarker and as a surrogate marker of IDH1/2 mutations. However, the role of DNA methylation in glioblastoma progression is unknown. We sought to analyze DNA methylation levels in paired (initial and recurrent) primary glioblastoma samples to identify candidate pathways that may prone to glioblastoma progression. We have analyzed 12 samples (5 paired samples, two of them with three surgeries) using methylation arrays. We have analyzed differential methylation at probe and at gene region level. Finally, pathway analysis has been performed using differentially methylated regions. All analysis has been performed with R and Bioconductor packages. Mean methylation level at initial sample compared to recurrence was strongly positively correlated (R2 = 0.98). There was no differentially methylation at probe level. However, at gene level 3080 regions were differentially methylated. Interestingly, pathways analysis showed that the most differentially methylated genes are involved in cellular response to macrophage colony-stimulating factor stimulus (GO:0036006). Methylation levels were strongly conserved when comparing initial to recurrence in primary glioblastomas. Interestingly, differentially methylated pathway analysis suggests that a modulation of methylation in immune response genes may play a role in glioblastoma progression. Further studies are needed to validate the role of methylation of glioblastoma immune response genes in tumor progression. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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