Liatsikos E.N.,University of Patras |
Nagele U.,Bezirkskrankenhaus Hall |
Traxer O.,Hopital Tenon
European Urology | Year: 2012
Context: The European Association of Urology (EAU) Guidelines Office has set up a guideline working panel to analyse the scientific evidence published in the world literature on lasers in urologic practice. Objective: Review the physical background and physiologic and technical aspects of the use of lasers in urology, as well as current clinical results from these new and evolving technologies, together with recommendations for the application of lasers in urology. The primary objective of this structured presentation of the current evidence base in this area is to assist clinicians in making informed choices regarding the use of lasers in their practice. Evidence acquisition: Structured literature searches using an expert consultant were designed for each section of this document. Searches were carried out in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Medline and Embase on the Dialog/DataStar platform. The controlled terminology of the respective databases was used, and both Medical Subject Headings and EMTREE were analysed for relevant entry terms. One Cochrane review was identified. Evidence synthesis: Depending on the date of publication, the evidence for different laser treatments is heterogeneous. The available evidence allows treatments to be classified as safe alternatives for the treatment of bladder outlet obstruction in different clinical scenarios, such as refractory urinary retention, anticoagulation, and antiplatelet medication. Laser treatment for bladder cancer should only be used in a clinical trial setting or for patients who are not suitable for conventional treatment due to comorbidities or other complications. For the treatment of urinary stones and retrograde endoureterotomy, lasers provide a standard tool to augment the endourologic procedure. Conclusions: In benign prostatic obstruction (BPO), laser vaporisation, resection, or enucleation are alternative treatment options. The standard treatment for BPO remains transurethral resection of the prostate for small to moderate size prostates and open prostatectomy for large prostates. Laser energy is an optimal treatment method for disintegrating urinary stones. The use of lasers to treat bladder tumours and in laparoscopy remains investigational. © 2012 European Association of Urology.
Osman N.I.,Royal Hallamshire Hospital |
Chapple C.R.,Royal Hallamshire Hospital |
Abrams P.,University of Bristol |
Dmochowski R.,Vanderbilt University |
And 5 more authors.
European Urology | Year: 2014
Context Detrusor underactivity (DU) is a common cause of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in both men and women, yet is poorly understood and underresearched. Objective To review the current terminology, definitions, and diagnostic criteria in use, along with the epidemiology and aetiology of DU, as a basis for building a consensus on the standardisation of current concepts. Evidence acquisition The Medline and Embase databases were searched for original articles and reviews in the English language pertaining to DU. Search terms included underactive bladder, detrusor underactivity, impaired detrusor contractility, acontractile detrusor, detrusor failure, detrusor areflexia, raised PVR [postvoid residual], and urinary retention. Selected studies were assessed for content relating to DU. Evidence synthesis A wide range of terminology is applied in contemporary usage. The only term defined by the standardisation document of the International Continence Society (ICS) in 2002 was the urodynamic term detrusor underactivity along with detrusor acontractility. The ICS definition provides a framework, considering the urodynamic abnormality of contraction and how this affects voiding; however, this is necessarily limited. DU is present in 9-48% of men and 12-45% of older women undergoing urodynamic evaluation for non-neurogenic LUTS. Multiple aetiologies are implicated, affecting myogenic function and neural control mechanisms, as well as the efferent and afferent innervations. Diagnostic criteria are based on urodynamic approximations relating to bladder contractility such as maximum flow rate and detrusor pressure at maximum flow. Other estimates rely on mathematical formulas to calculate isovolumetric contractility indexes or urodynamic stop tests. Most methods have major disadvantages or are as yet poorly validated. Contraction strength is only one aspect of bladder voiding function. The others are the speed and persistence of the contraction. Conclusions The term detrusor underactivity and its associated symptoms and signs remain surrounded by ambiguity and confusion with a lack of accepted terminology, definition, and diagnostic methods and criteria. There is a need to reach a consensus on these aspects to allow standardisation of the literature and the development of optimal management approaches.
Khullar V.,Imperial College London |
Amarenco G.,Hopital Tenon |
Angulo J.C.,Hospital Universitario Of Getafe |
Cambronero J.,Infanta Leonor Hospital |
And 8 more authors.
European Urology | Year: 2013
Background: Mirabegron, a β3-adrenoceptor agonist, has been developed for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB). Objective: To assess the efficacy and tolerability of mirabegron versus placebo. Design, setting, and participants: Multicenter randomised double-blind, parallel-group placebo- and tolterodine-controlled phase 3 trial conducted in 27 countries in Europe and Australia in patients ≥18 yr of age with symptoms of OAB for ≥3 mo. Intervention: After a 2-wk single-blind placebo run-in period, patients were randomised to receive placebo, mirabegron 50 mg, mirabegron 100 mg, or tolterodine extended release 4 mg orally once daily for 12 wk. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: Patients completed a micturition diary and quality-of-life (QoL) assessments. Co-primary efficacy end points were change from baseline to final visit in the mean number of incontinence episodes and micturitions per 24 h. The primary comparison was between mirabegron and placebo with a secondary comparison between tolterodine and placebo. Safety parameters included adverse events (AEs), laboratory assessments, vital signs, electrocardiograms, and postvoid residual volume. Results and limitations: A total of 1978 patients were randomised and received the study drug. Mirabegron 50-mg and 100-mg groups demonstrated statistically significant improvements (adjusted mean change from baseline [95% confidence intervals]) at the final visit in the number of incontinence episodes per 24 h (-1.57 [-1.79 to -1.35] and -1.46 [-1.68 to -1.23], respectively, vs placebo -1.17 [-1.39 to -0.95]) and number of micturitions per 24 h (-1.93 [-2.15 to -1.72] and -1.77 [-1.99 to -1.56], respectively, vs placebo -1.34 [-1.55 to -1.12]; p < 0.05 for all comparisons). Statistically significant improvements were also observed in other key efficacy end points and QoL outcomes. The incidence of treatment-emergent AEs was similar across treatment groups. The main limitation of this study was the short (12-wk) duration of treatment. Conclusions: Mirabegron represents a new class of treatment for OAB with proven efficacy and good tolerability. Trial identification: This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT00689104. © 2012 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Merseburger A.S.,Urologic |
Herrmann T.R.W.,Urologic |
Shariat S.F.,Medical University of Vienna |
Kyriazis I.,University of Patras |
And 3 more authors.
European Urology | Year: 2013
Context This is a short version of the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines on robotic and single-site surgery in urology, as created in 2013 by the EAU Guidelines Office Panel on Urological Technologies. Objective To evaluate current evidence regarding robotic and single-site surgery in urology and to provide clinical recommendations. Evidence acquisition A comprehensive online systematic search of the literature according to Cochrane recommendations was performed in July 2012, identifying data from 1990 to 2012 regarding robotic and single-site surgery in urology. Evidence synthesis There is a lack of high-quality data on both robotic and single-site surgery for most upper and lower urinary tract operations. Mature evidence including midterm follow-up data exists only for robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. In the absence of high-quality data, the guidelines panel's recommendations were based mostly on the review of low-level evidence and expert opinions. Conclusions Robot-assisted urologic surgery is an emerging and safe technology for most urologic operations. Further documentation including long-term oncologic and functional outcomes is deemed necessary before definite conclusions can be drawn regarding the superiority or not of robotic assistance compared with the conventional laparoscopic and open approaches. Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery is a novel laparoscopic technique providing a potentially superior cosmetic outcome over conventional laparoscopy. Nevertheless, further advantages offered by this technology are still under discussion and not yet proven. Due to the technically demanding character of the single-site approach, only experienced laparoscopic surgeons should attempt this technique in clinical settings. Patient summary This work represents the shortened version of the 2013 European Association of Urology guidelines on robotic and single-site surgery. The authors systematically evaluated published evidence in these fields and concluded that robotic assisted surgery is possible and safe for most urologic operations. Whilst laparoendoscopic single-site surgery is performed using the fewest incisions, the balance between risk and benefit is currently unclear. The evidence to support the conclusions in this guideline was generally poor, but best for robotic assisted radical prostatectomy. As such, these recommendations were based upon expert opinion, and further high-quality research is needed in this field. © 2013 European Association of Urology.
Rouzier R.,Hopital Tenon |
Rouzier R.,University Pierre and Marie Curie |
Giordanella J.-P.,Caisse Primaire dAssurance Maladie de Paris
Journal of Adolescent Health | Year: 2010
Objective: To evaluate the coverage and compliance of the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine in Paris. Methods: We selected a female population living in Paris, between the ages of 14 and 23 years (French recommendations) on December 31st, 2008, that was affiliated to social security (n = 77,744). We evaluated the dynamic of HPV vaccine dose reimbursement between July 2007 and April/May 2009 for this population. Results: The coverage rate in the study population with at least one dose of the vaccine was 17%. A complete vaccination scheme (three doses) was observed in less than 43% of affiliates, whereas two doses have been reimbursed to 26% of the affiliates and only one dose to 31%. Higher rates of coverage and compliance were observed among girls between 15 and 17 years of age. Conclusion: Coverage and compliance rates corresponding to the French HPV vaccine program appear to be lower than those observed in countries with different recommendations and implementation strategies, and particularly school-based program. Our study suggests that health authorities should modify current recommendations. © 2010 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. All rights reserved.
Hentgen V.,Center Hospitalier Of Versailles |
Grateau G.,Hopital Tenon |
Stankovic-Stojanovic K.,Hopital Tenon |
Amselem S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
Jeru I.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research
Arthritis and Rheumatism | Year: 2013
Objective Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal-recessive autoinflammatory disease due to mutations in MEFV. Descriptions of disease manifestations among patients carrying a single mutated MEFV allele are becoming more frequent, although no data are available on the long-term outcome. We undertook this study to assess the accuracy of clinical diagnosis in children carrying a single mutated MEFV allele with symptoms of recurrent autoinflammatory disorder. Methods We performed a retrospective single-center study of 33 patients with autoinflammatory disorders age <6 years at disease onset with 1 mutated MEFV allele. The phenotype of the patients was investigated in detail, and the clinical picture and outcome of 18 patients with an initial FMF diagnosis according to current clinical criteria were compared to those of 25 homozygous or compound heterozygous FMF patients. Results No major differences in presenting signs or initial response to colchicine were observed between patient groups. During followup, heterozygotes had a milder disease course compared to homozygotes and were less prone than homozygotes to experience new clinical signs of FMF. At puberty, clinical signs of FMF completely disappeared in 5 of 18 heterozygotes, allowing them to discontinue colchicine without recurrence of symptoms or increases in inflammatory marker levels. Conclusion Our data suggest that the clinical diagnosis of FMF in very young heterozygous children should be made with caution. At this young age they can present with an FMF-like disease - similar to that seen in patients carrying 2 mutated alleles - that is not necessarily predictive of life-long illness. Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Rheumatology.
Haab F.,Hopital Tenon
Neurourology and Urodynamics | Year: 2014
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a symptom syndrome consisting of urinary urgency, usually accompanied by frequency and nocturia, with or without urgency urinary incontinence (UUI), in the absence of a causative infection or pathological conditions. The prevalence of OAB is approximately 11-19% in both men and women, and leads to a significant negative effect on a patient's health-related quality of life (HRQOL). OAB is also associated with comorbidities such as urinary tract infection (UTI) and an increased risk of falls. Following behavioral therapy, anticholinergic agents are commonly prescribed, but these often fail because of lack of efficacy and/or poor tolerability. Evaluation of treatment success in OAB should include pre-defined, patient-centered goals. Patients for whom oral therapy has failed to meet such goals may be considered refractory to oral therapy and candidates for minimally invasive therapy. Neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) is a bladder dysfunction frequently observed in patients with conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and spinal cord injury (SCI). Increased storage pressure can put the upper urinary tract at risk of deterioration and reducing this risk is a primary aim of therapy. Urinary incontinence (UI) is reported by approximately 50% of MS patients, and most SCI patients will develop some bladder dysfunction. NDO leads to a negative impact on HRQOL, independent of the impact of the primary condition. NDO patients in whom oral therapy has failed to normalize storage pressure may be considered refractory and are candidates for minimally invasive therapy. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Darai E.,Hopital Tenon
Human reproduction update | Year: 2013
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the fertility outcome after borderline ovarian tumor (BOT) management and the results of conservative management, risk of recurrence and alternative options. The search strategy was based on relevant terms concerning BOT using Medline and the Central Cochrane Library. Both early and advanced stages of serous and mucinous BOT were included, but not rare entities such as endometrioid, Brenner or clear-cell BOT because of their low incidence. We considered all articles-case reports, original studies, meta-analyses and reviews-in English and French. Overall, 230 articles were screened of which 120 were retained for review. Most pregnancies were spontaneous but some data were obtained from studies analyzing the contribution of assisted reproductive technology (ART). However, not all studies differentiated spontaneous pregnancy from those obtained after fertility treatment including ovulation induction, intrauterine insemination and IVF. Conservative management of early stage BOT resulted in a pooled estimate for spontaneous pregnancy rate of 54% with a low risk of lethal recurrence (pooled estimate: 0.5%). In patients with advanced stage BOT, the spontaneous pregnancy rates was lower (34% in the single series reporting pregnancy rate in this context) and the risk of lethal recurrence increased (pooled estimate: 2%). This systematic review underlines that fertility subsequent to treatment of BOT depends mainly on histology and initial staging to distinguish early from advanced stages. In patients with advanced stage BOT, several alternative options to conservative management are available to allow patients to conceive without compromising their prognosis.
Clarencon F.,Hopital Tenon
Clinical nuclear medicine | Year: 2011
Myositis ossificans circumscripta (MOC) is a rare benign neoplasm located in soft tissues that, most of the time, appears after a local trauma. The positive diagnosis of MOC may be challenging on CT or MRI findings. We report on an atypical case of a spontaneous nontraumatic MOC in a 54-year-old man, located in the longus supinatus muscle diagnosed with MRI and F-18 FDG PET/CT findings. Rarely described F-18 FDG PET/CT features in MOC are presented. Pattern of avid FDG focus on PET/CT, that may wrongly suggest osteosarcoma, is presented.
Frances C.,Hopital Tenon
Lupus | Year: 2010
The dermatological manifestations of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) may be the presenting features of APS syndrome. They are extremely diverse and heterogeneous, ranging from minor signs to life-threatening conditions such as widespread cutaneous necrosis. Their clinical significance is highly variable. Livedo reticularis is strongly associated with the arterial and microangiopathic subtypes of APS. Scientific data are required to determine the optimum management of these patients, who might benefit from recently developed antithrombotic agents. © The Author(s), 2010.