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Marseille, France

Popovic D.,University of Barcelona | Vieta E.,University of Barcelona | Azorin J.-M.,Hopital Sainte Marguerite | Angst J.,University of Zurich | And 4 more authors.
Bipolar Disorders | Year: 2015

Objectives: The Bipolar Disorders: Improving Diagnosis, Guidance, and Education (BRIDGE-II-Mix) study aimed to estimate the frequency of mixed states in patients with a major depressive episode (MDE) according to different definitions and to compare their clinical validity, looking into specific features such as suicidality. Methods: A total of 2,811 subjects were enrolled in this multicenter cross-sectional study. Psychiatric symptoms, and sociodemographic and clinical variables were collected. The analysis compared the characteristics of patients with MDE with (MDE-SA group) and without (MDE-NSA) a history of suicide attempts. Results: The history of suicide attempts was registered in 628 patients (22.34%). In the MDE-SA group, women (72.5%, p = 0.028), (hypo)mania in first-degree relatives (20.5%, p < 0.0001), psychotic features (15.1%, p < 0.0001), and atypical features (9.2%, p = 0.009) were more prevalent. MDE-SA patients' previous responses to treatment with antidepressants included more (hypo)manic switches [odds ratio (OR) = 1.97, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.58-2.44, p < 0.0001], treatment resistance (OR = 2.07, 95% CI: 1.72-2.49, p < 0.0001), mood lability (OR = 1.98, 95% CI: 1.65-2.39, p < 0.0001), and irritability (OR = 1.80, 95% CI: 1.48-2.17, p < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis evidenced that risky behavior, psychomotor agitation and impulsivity, and borderline personality and substance use disorders were the variables most frequently associated with previous suicide attempts. In the MDE-SA group, 75 patients (11.9%) fulfilled Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)-5 criteria for MDE with mixed features, and 250 patients (39.8%) fulfilled research-based diagnostic criteria for a mixed depressive episode. Conclusions: Important differences between MDE-SA and MDE-NSA patients have emerged. Early identification of symptoms such as risky behavior, psychomotor agitation, and impulsivity in patients with MDE, and treatment of mixed depressive states could represent a major step in suicide prevention. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

Bittar F.,Aix - Marseille University | Cassagne C.,Aix - Marseille University | Reynaud-Gaubert M.,Hopital Sainte Marguerite | Raoult D.,Aix - Marseille University | Rolain J.-M.,Aix - Marseille University
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2010

An increasing body of evidence indicates that nondiphtheria corynebacteria may be responsible for respiratory tract infections. We report an outbreak of Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum infection in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). To identify 18 C. pseudodiphtheriticum strains isolated from 13 French children with CF, we used molecular methods (partial rpoB gene sequencing) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry. Clinical symptoms were exhibited by 10 children (76.9%), including cough, rhinitis, and lung exacerbations. The results of MALDI-TOF identification matched perfectly with those obtained from molecular identification. Retrospective analysis of sputum specimens by using specific real-time PCR showed that ≈20% of children with CF were colonized with these bacteria, whereas children who did not have CF had negative test results. Our study reemphasizes the conclusion that correctly identifying bacteria at the species level facilitates detection of an outbreak of new or emerging infections in humans. Source

Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are today among the most frequent and most disturbing chronic diseases in terms of sexuality. In men with micturition disorders related to BPH, there is a four times greater risk of sexual dysfunction, either erectile or orgasmic.As LUTS disorders and the related embarrassment take hold, a large part of the patient's lifestyle gradually shrinks, leading to a perceptible reduction in quality of life and the sexual, relational, and psychological aspects of life in men who are affected, as well as disruption of mood that can result in serious anxiety and depressive disorders.These disorders are often underestimated by the medical profession and remain undisclosed by patients, often convinced of the lack of therapeutic solutions. Treatment provides rapid improvement in sexual function as well as in mood and urinary function. © 2014 . Source

Roch A.,Medical Intensive Care Unit | Wiramus S.,Medical Intensive Care Unit | Pauly V.,Hopital Sainte Marguerite | Forel J.,Medical Intensive Care Unit | And 3 more authors.
Critical Care | Year: 2011

Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate factors influencing short- and long-term survival in medical patients aged 80 and over following admission to an intensive care unit.Methods: All patients aged 80 years or over and admitted between 2001 and 2006 were included in this study. Survival was evaluated between the time of admission and June 2009; factors associated with mortality were determined. Health-related quality of life was evaluated using Short Form (SF)-36 in long-term survivors.Results: For the 299 patients included (mean age, 84 ± 4 y), hospital mortality was 55%. Factors independently associated with hospital mortality were a higher SAPS II score at ICU admission; the existence of a fatal disease as reflected by the McCabe score and a cardiac diagnosis at admission. In the 133 hospital survivors, median survival time was 710 days (95% CI, 499-921). Two-year mortality rates were 79% of the initial cohort and 53% of hospital survivors. The standardized ratio of mortality at 2 years after hospital discharge was 2.56 (95% CI, 2.08-3.12) when compared with age- and gender-adjusted mortality of the general population. Factors independently associated with mortality at 2 years after hospital discharge were SAPS II score at ICU admission and the McCabe score. Conversely, functional status prior to admission as assessed by Knaus or Karnofsky scores was not associated with long-term mortality. In long-term survivors, SF-36 physical function scores were poor but scores for pain, emotional well-being and social function were not much affected.Conclusions: The severity of acute disease at admission influences mortality at the hospital and following discharge in patients aged 80 or over. Although up to 50% of patients discharged from the hospital were still alive at 2 years, mortality was increased when compared with the general population. Physical function of long-term hospital survivors was greatly altered. © 2011 Roch et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Colson M.-H.,Hopital Sainte Marguerite
Gynecologie Obstetrique Fertilite | Year: 2014

From the child conception to the early years of life, couples generally present less sexual activity. Parenthood constraints are a burden for the couple's relationships. Generally, persistent sexual difficulties six months after delivery, despite those generated by depression or altered health raise the question of an alteration in the quality of the couple's relationships and lack of satisfaction of the mother with her partner's involvement in family life. Numerous parameters can be implied, especially with persistent trouble of desire, such as fatigue, body image problems and libido lessening of the partner due to modifications of his status. Women who presented sexual difficulties before pregnancy remain the same. In all cases, appropriate information can avoid the intimacy's difficulties and contribute to maintain pleasure and intimacy even when vaginal penetration remains difficult. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source

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