Toulouse, France
Toulouse, France

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Peck-Radosavljevic M.,Medical University of Vienna | Boletis J.,Laiko Hospital | Besisik F.,Istanbul University | Ferraz M.L.,Sao Paulo Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2011

Background & Aims: Chronic hepatitis C increases mortality of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Ribavirin is not recommended for patients with renal dysfunction; peginterferon monotherapy is the most appropriate treatment for chronic hepatitis C in such patients. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of 2 dosages of peginterferon alfa-2a (40 kDa) in patients with chronic hepatitis C and ESRD on hemodialysis. Methods: We performed a randomized, multicenter, open-label clinical study of 85 patients with chronic hepatitis C and ESRD who were receiving hemodialysis at specialist outpatient hepatology clinics. Patients were treated with subcutaneous peginterferon alfa-2a (40 kDa) at dosages of 135 or 90 μg/wk for 48 weeks. Results: The incidences of overall sustained virologic responses (SVRs) (undetectable hepatitis C virus [HCV] RNA [<50 IU/mL] after 24 weeks of untreated follow-up) were 39.5% (15/38) in the 135 μg/wk group and 34.9% (15/43) in the 90 μg/wk group (odds ratio, 1.22; 95% confidence interval, 0.49-3.06; P = .67). Among patients with undetectable HCV RNA at week 12, 60.9% (14/23) of those in the 135 μg/wk group and 87.5% (14/16) of those in the 90 μg/wk group achieved an SVR. Therapy was well-tolerated with no new safety concerns. The most common adverse events (>10% of patients in at least 1 treatment group) included conditions associated with ESRD (anemia and hypertension) and with interferon treatment. Conclusions: Forty-eight weeks of treatment with low-dose peginterferon alfa-2a (40 kDa) is safe and produces an SVR in 35%-40% of patients with chronic hepatitis C and ESRD on hemodialysis. © 2011 AGA Institute.

Cortes J.E.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Goldberg S.L.,Hackensack University Medical Center | Feldman E.J.,Cornell University | Rizzeri D.A.,Duke University | And 8 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: CPX-351 is a liposome-encapsulated fixed-molar-ratio formulation of cytarabine and daunorubicin that exploits molar ratio-dependent drug-drug synergy to enhance antileukemic efficacy. METHODS: This phase II study randomized 125 patients 2:1 to CPX-351 or investigators' choice of first salvage chemotherapy. Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first relapse after initial Complete Remission (CR) lasting ≥1 month were stratified per the European Prognostic Index (EPI) into favorable, intermediate, and poor-risk groups based on duration of first CR, cytogenetics, age, and transplant history. Control salvage treatment was usually based on cytarabine and anthracycline, often with 1 or more additional agents. Survival at 1 year was the primary efficacy end point. RESULTS: Patient characteristics were well balanced between the 2 study arms. Improvements in efficacy outcomes were observed following CPX-351, but did not meet prospectively defined statistical criteria for 1-year survival improvement in the overall population. Subset analyses of the EPI-defined poor-risk strata demonstrated higher response rates (39.3% vs 27.6%) and improvements in event-free survival (HR, 0.63; P = .08) and overall survival (HR, 0.55; P = .02). Also, 60-day mortality was lower in the CPX-351 study arm for poor-risk patients (16.1% vs 24.1%). CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, the data suggest possible improved outcomes in CPX-351-treated first relapse AML patients with EPI-defined poor-risk disease. © 2014 American Cancer Society.

Cognard C.,Hopital Purpan | Herbreteau D.,Hopital Bretonneau | Fransen H.,AZ Sint Lukas and Volkskliniek | Van Rooij W.J.,Elisabeth Ziekenhuis | And 8 more authors.
European Radiology | Year: 2013

Objectives: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new liquid embolic agent in brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVMs) embolisation. Methods: A prospective, multicentre series was conducted at 11 interventional centres in Europe to evaluate embolisation of bAVMs with the new liquid embolic agent. Technical conditions, complications, clinical outcome and anatomical results were independently analysed. Results: From December 2005 to December 2008, 117 patients (72 male; 45 female, aged 18-75 years) were included. Clinical presentation was mostly haemorrhage (34.2 %) and seizures (28.2 %). Most AVMs were located in the brain hemispheres (85.5 %). AVMs were <3 cm in 52.1 % of patients and ≥3 cm in 47.9 %. Morbidity was observed in 6/117 patients (5.1 %), related to haemorrhagic events in 2 cases and non-haemorrhagic complications in 4 cases. Five patients (4.3 %) died in relation to the treatment (bleeding in 4 patients and extensive venous thrombosis in 1). Complete occlusion of the AVM by embolisation alone was obtained in 23.5 % of patients. Complementary treatment was performed in 82.3 % of patients with partial AVM occlusion, mostly radiosurgery. Conclusions: In this prospective, multicentre, European, observational series, the new liquid embolic agent proved to be suitable for BAVM embolisation, with acceptable morbidity and mortality and good efficacy. Key Points: • Numerous interventional techniques have been used to embolise brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). • This prospective multicentre study demonstrates the suitability of a liquid embolic agent. • The safety of treatment using Onyx is acceptable. • Such embolisation leads to complete AVM occlusion in 23.5 % of patients. © 2013 European Society of Radiology.

Kantarjian H.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Shah N.P.,University of California at San Francisco | Hochhaus A.,Universitatsklinikum Jena | Cortes J.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | And 16 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: Treatment with dasatinib, a highly potent BCR-ABL kinase inhibitor, has resulted in high rates of complete cytogenetic response and progression-free survival among patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase, after failure of imatinib treatment. We assessed the efficacy and safety of dasatinib, as compared with imatinib, for the first-line treatment of chronic-phase CML. METHODS: In a multinational study, 519 patients with newly diagnosed chronic-phase CML were randomly assigned to receive dasatinib at a dose of 100 mg once daily (259 patients) or imatinib at a dose of 400 mg once daily (260 patients). The primary end point was complete cytogenetic response by 12 months, confirmed on two consecutive assessments at least 28 days apart. Secondary end points, including major molecular response, were tested at a significance level of 0.0001 to adjust for multiple comparisons. RESULTS: After a minimum follow-up of 12 months, the rate of confirmed complete cytogenetic response was higher with dasatinib than with imatinib (77% vs. 66%, P=0.007), as was the rate of complete cytogenetic response observed on at least one assessment (83% vs. 72%, P=0.001). The rate of major molecular response was higher with dasatinib than with imatinib (46% vs. 28%, P<0.0001), and responses were achieved in a shorter time with dasatinib (P<0.0001). Progression to the accelerated or blastic phase of CML occurred in 5 patients who were receiving dasatinib (1.9%) and in 9 patients who were receiving imatinib (3.5%). The safety profiles of the two treatments were similar. CONCLUSIONS: Dasatinib, administered once daily, as compared with imatinib, administered once daily, induced significantly higher and faster rates of complete cytogenetic response and major molecular response. Since achieving complete cytogenetic response within 12 months has been associated with better long-term, progression-free survival, dasatinib may improve the long-term outcomes among patients with newly diagnosed chronic-phase CML. ( number, NCT00481247.) Copyright © 2010 Massachusetts Medical Society.

Accou-Demartin M.,Institute Pasteur Paris | Gaborieau V.,Hopital Purpan | Song Y.,University College Cork | Roumagnac P.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | And 3 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

We report Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi strains with a nonclassical quinolone resistance phenotype (i.e., decreased susceptibility to ciprofloxacin but with susceptibility to nalidixic acid) associated with a nonsynonymous mutation at codon 464 of the gyrB gene. These strains, not detected by the nalidixic acid disk screening test, can result in fluoroquinolone treatment failure.

Casasnovas R.-O.,Hematologie Clinique | Meignan M.,Hopital Henri Mondor | Berriolo-Riedinger A.,Center Georges Francois Leclerc | Bardet S.,Center Francois Baclesse | And 9 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2011

The prognostic value of interim positron emission tomography (PET) interpreted according to visual criteria is a matter of debate in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Maximal standardized uptake value reduction (ΔSUVmax) may better predict outcome. To compare the prognostic value of both methods, we analyzed PET done at baseline (PET0) and after 2 (PET2) and 4 (PET4) cycles in 85 patients with high-risk DLBCL enrolled on a prospective multicenter trial. All images were centrally reviewed and interpreted visually according to the International Harmonization Project criteria and by computing ΔSUVmax between PET0 and PET2 (ΔSUVmaxPET0-2) or PET4 (ΔSUVmaxPET0-4). Optimal cutoff to predict progression or death was 66% for ΔSUVmaxPET0-2 and 70% for ΔSUVmaxPET0-4. Outcomes did not differ significantly whether PET2 and PET4 were visually positive or negative. Inversely, ΔSUVmaxPET0-2 analysis (> 66% vs ≤ 66%) identified patients with significantly different 2-year progression-free survival (77% vs 57%; P = .0282) and overall survival (93% vs 60%; P < .0001). ΔSUVmaxPET0-4 analysis (> 70% vs ≤ 70%) seemed even more predictive for 2-year progression-free survival (83 vs 40%; P < .0001) and overall survival (94% vs 50%; P < .0001). ΔSUVmax analysis of sequential interim PET is feasible for highrisk DLBCL and better predicts outcome than visual analysis. The trial was registered at as NCT00498043. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology.

Lemonnier F.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Lemonnier F.,University Paris Est Creteil | Couronne L.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Couronne L.,University Paris - Sud | And 16 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

Inactivating mutations of the Ten-Eleven Translocation 2 (TET2) gene were first identified in myeloid malignancies and more recently in peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs). In the present study, we investigated the presence of TET2 coding sequence mutations and their clinical relevance in a large cohort of 190 PTCL patients. TET2 mutations were identified in 40 of 86 (47%) cases of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) and in 22 of 58 (38%) cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS), but were absent in all other PTCL entities, with the exception of 2 of 10 cases of enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma. Among PTCL-NOS, a heterogeneous group of lymphoma-comprising cases likely to derive from Th follicular (T FH) cells similarly to AITL, TET2 mutations were more frequent when PTCL-NOS expressed T FH markers and/or had features reminiscent of AITL (58% vs 24%, P = .01). In the AITL and PTCL-NOS subgroups, TET2 mutations were associated with advanced-stage disease, thrombocytopenia, high International Prognostic Index scores, and a shorter progression-free survival. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology.

Bossard C.,University of Nantes | Dobay M.P.,Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics | Parrens M.,Departement de Pathologie | Lamant L.,Hopital Purpan | And 12 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2014

The extended use of brentuximab-vedotin was reported for CD30+ nonanaplastic peripheralT-celllymphomas(PTCLs)with promising efficacy. CD30 status assessmentis thus a critical factor for therapeutic decision, but the reliability of immunohistochemistry (IHC) in evaluating its expression remains to be defined. This prompted us to investigate the correlation between semiquantitative CD30 protein assessment by IHC andmessengerRNA(mRNA) assessment by micro arraysinacohortof376 noncutaneous PTCLs representative of the main entities. By IHC, CD30 expression was heterogeneous across and within entities and significantly associated with large tumor cell size. In additionto100% anaplastic large-cell lymphomas, 57%ofother PTCL entities were CD30-positive at a 5% threshold. CD30 protein expression was highly correlated to mRNA levels. mRNA levels were bimodal, separating high from low CD30-expressing PTCL cases. Weconclude that IHC is a valuable tool in clinical practice to assess CD30 expression in PTCLs. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology.

Attal M.,Hopital Purpan | Lauwers-Cances V.,Hopital Purpan | Marit G.,Hopital Haut Leveque | Caillot D.,Center Hospitalier Le Bocage | And 19 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND: High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem-cell transplantation is a standard treatment for young patients with multiple myeloma. Residual disease is almost always present after transplantation and is responsible for relapse. This phase 3, placebocontrolled trial investigated the efficacy of lenalidomide maintenance therapy after transplantation. METHODS:We randomly assigned 614 patients younger than 65 years of age who had nonprogressive disease after first-line transplantation to maintenance treatment with either lenalidomide (10 mg per day for the first 3 months, increased to 15 mg if tolerated) or placebo until relapse. The primary end point was progression-free survival. RESULTS:Lenalidomide maintenance therapy improved median progression-free survival (41 months, vs. 23 months with placebo; hazard ratio, 0.50; P<0.001). This benefit was observed across all patient subgroups, including those based on the β 2- microglobulin level, cytogenetic profile, and response after transplantation. With a median follow-up period of 45 months, more than 70% of patients in both groups were alive at 4 years. The rates of grade 3 or 4 peripheral neuropathy were similar in the two groups. The incidence of second primary cancers was 3.1 per 100 patient-years in the lenalidomide group versus 1.2 per 100 patient-years in the placebo group (P = 0.002). Median event-free survival (with events that included second primary cancers) was significantly improved with lenalidomide (40 months, vs. 23 months with placebo; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS:Lenalidomide maintenance after transplantation significantly prolonged progression-free and event-free survival among patients with multiple myeloma. Four years after randomization, overall survival was similar in the two study groups. (Funded by the Programme Hospitalier de Recherche Clinique and others; number, NCT00430365.) Copyright © 2012 Massachusetts Medical Society.

Strelnikov K.,Hopital Purpan | Strelnikov K.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Barone P.,French National Center for Scientific Research
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

This article uses the ideas of neuroenergetic and neural field theories to detect stimulation-driven energy flows in the brain during face and auditory word processing. In this analysis, energy flows are thought to create the stable gradients of the fMRI weighted summary images. The sources, from which activity spreads in the brain during face processing, were detected in the occipital cortex. The following direction of energy flows in the frontal cortex was described: the right inferior frontal = >the left inferior frontal = >the triangular part of the left inferior frontal cortex = >the left operculum. In the left operculum, a localized circuit was described. For auditory word processing, the sources of activity flows were detected bilaterally in the middle superior temporal regions, they were also detected in the left posterior superior temporal cortex. Thus, neuroenergetic assumptions may give a novel perspective for the analysis of neuroimaging data. © 2012 Strelnikov and Barone.

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