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El Jaoudi R.,British Petroleum | Benziane H.,Laboratoire Of Chimie Therapeutique | Khabbal Y.,Laboratoire Of Biostatistique Et Of Recherche Medicale | Elomri N.,Hopital Militaire DInstruction Mohammed v | And 2 more authors.
Therapie | Year: 2010

Purpose. To estimate the relative frequency of reported adverse drug reactions during the malaria chemoprophylactic period of the Moroccan contingent in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Methods. The transversal survey involved all military personnel of the Moroccan contingent and was carried out using a questionnaire to be filled out by a multidisciplinary medical team. It was performed in all the military sites and the advanced posts accessible during the period of the study. Results. The study involved 362 male military subjects. Ninety-four adverse drug reactions were described: neuropsychiatric (anxiety, irritability, dizziness. . . ) [n=76], digestive (anorexia, diarrhea, nausea. . . ) [n=42], cardiovascular (tachycardia, palpitation, precordialgia...) [n=5], musculoskeletal (arthralgia, cramps) [n=4], cutaneous (redness, purpura) [n=2], and other (n=13). No "unexpected" or "serious" adverse drug reaction was reported. The causality assessment score was determined in 94 cases. Two of these reports were rated "likely", 12 "possible" and 80 doubtful. More adverse drug reactions were reported by subjects having medical and paramedical functions. Conclusion. During our study, mefloquine induced adverse drug reactions in a quarter of the treated subjects. Most of the adverse drug reactions were neuropsychiatric. No "serious" adverse drug reactions were reported underlying the interest of its use, even for long-term chemoprophylaxis. © 2010 Société Française de Pharmacologie et de Thérapeutique. Source

Aissaoui Y.,Hopital Militaire DInstruction Mohammed v | Belyamani L.,Hopital Militaire DInstruction Mohammed v | Drissi Kamili N.,Hopital Militaire DInstruction Mohammed v
Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica | Year: 2010

To test the hypothesis that rocuronium added to a mixture of local anaesthetics could improve akinesia in Peribulbar Block (PB) we designed this prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. Sixty ASA physical status I and II patients presenting for cataract surgery (manual extracapsular lens extraction) under PB were included. Patients were randomized to 2 groups : rocuronium group (n = 30) received PB with a local anesthetic mixture (Lidocaine 2% + Bupivacaine 0.5%) to which was added 0.06 mg/Kg of rocuronium and control group (n = 30) received PB with the same mixture to which was added saline. Akinesia was assessed with a 12-point scale at 2, 5 and 10 minutes after injection (each of the four rectus muscles and each lid was scored from 0 to 2; 0 = total akinesia, 1 = partial akinesia, 2 = no akinesia). The need for supplementary injection, adverse effects and complications were also recorded. Rocuronium group demonstrated significantly better akinesia scores than control group at 2,5 and 10 minutes post PB (p<0.05). Supplementary injection was necessary in 4 patients (13%) in rocuronium group versus 12 patients (40%) in control group (p = 0.039). No significant complications were recorded. Rocuronium added to a mixture of local anaesthetics at a dose of 0.06 mg/Kg improved the quality of akinesia in PB and reduced the need for supplementary injections. © Acta Anæsthesiologica Belgica, 2010. Source

Bouchentouf S.M.,Hopital Militaire DInstruction Mohammed v | Raissouni S.,National Oncology Institute | Sall I.,Hopital Militaire DInstruction Mohammed v | Kaoui H.E.,Hopital Militaire DInstruction Mohammed v | And 5 more authors.
Oncology Reviews | Year: 2011

Gallbladder cancer (GBC) represents 3.8% of all gastrointestinal cancers and usually known to be of a poor prognosis. In 0.2-2.9% of cases, this cancer is found in cholecystectomy specimens. A better understanding of spread mode of this tumor helps a better surgical management. The aim of the present review is to underline the management of GBC based on the comprehension of risk factors and anatomic features. A Medline, PubMed database search was performed to identify articles published from 2000 to 2011 using the keywords 'carcinoma of gallbladder', 'incidental gallbladder cancer', 'gallbladder neoplasm' and 'cholecystectomy'. Some pathological situations such as chronic lithiasis and biliopancreatic junction abnormalities have been clearly identified as predisposing to GBC. Laparoscopy increases peritoneal and parietal tumor dissemination, thus, it should not be performed when GBC is suspected. Most determinant prognostic factors are nodal, perineural and venous involvement, invasion of the cystic duct and the tumor differentiation. The simple cholecystectomy is sufficient for tumors classified as T1a; for other cancers exceeding the muscularis, radical re-resection is required due to the high risk of recurrence. This aggressive surgery improved the overall survival of patients. There is still no standard adjuvant treatment; patients should be included in prospective trials. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source

Alem N.,Hopital Militaire DInstruction Mohammed v | Alem N.,Mohammed V University | Frikh M.,Hopital Militaire DInstruction Mohammed v | Frikh M.,Mohammed V University | And 12 more authors.
BMC Research Notes | Year: 2015

Background: Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most commonly isolated bacteria in human pathology. In Morocco the data concerning the nature and the rates of antibiotic resistance of E. coli in both hospitals and city environment remains relatively poor and needs further investigations. Methods: During a 16 months period, E. coli isolates were collected from different culture specimens received in the Bacteriology Department of the Military teaching Hospital Mohammed-V-Rabat for routine diagnostic purposes. E. coli isolates were identified and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern was determined. Results: A total of 1369 E. coli isolates comprising 33 % (1369/4110) of culture-positive samples were consecutively collected. Isolates of E. coli were, in 40.5 % (554/1369) of cases from hospitalized patients and in 59.5 % (815/1369) of cases from outpatients. Urine isolates represented 82 % (1123/1369) of the cases. High rates of resistance were found for amoxicillin (42.5 %), cefalotin (30.4 %), norfoloxacin (29.9 %) and sulfamethoxazole (37.7 %). The detection rate of ESBL was 6.1 % (85/1369). In hospitalized patients 11.9 % of the isolates of E. coli (66/554) had an ESBL phenotype while in outpatients cases only 2.3 % of isolates of E. coli (19/815) had this phenotype. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that more judicious use of antibiotics is needed especially in probabilistic treatment. The emergence of ESBL in the Moroccan cities is an indicator of the severity of this problem that is not limited to health care facilities. © 2015 Alem et al. Source

El Annaz H.,Hopital Militaire DInstruction Mohammed v | Recordon-Pinson P.,Bordeaux University Hospital Center | Baba N.,Hopital Militaire DInstruction Mohammed v | Sedrati O.,Hopital Militaire DInstruction Mohammed v | And 2 more authors.
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses | Year: 2011

The aim of the present study was to determine viral subtypes and resistance mutations to antiretroviral treatment (ART) in HIV-1-infected treatment-naive patients from Rabat, Morocco during the period 2005-2009. The protease and reverse transcriptase (RT) genes were sequenced, the phylogenetic trees were inferred, and the resistance-associated mutations to NRTIs, NNRTIs, and PIs were recorded according to the international list of surveillance drug resistance mutations (SDRMs). The viral subtypes were subtype B (74%), CRF02-AG (15%), A1 (6%), C (2%), F1 (1%), CRF09 (1%), and CRF25-cpx (1%). The presence of DRMs was found in four (5.06%) of 91 patients; resistance mutations to NRTIs were M184V and T215I/S revertant mutations; resistance to NNRTIs was associated with K103N and resistance to PIs with V82A. These findings have relevant implications for the local molecular mapping of HIV-1 and future ART surveillance studies in the region. © Copyright 2011, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

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