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Nantes, France

Gauthier T.,Limoges University Hospital Center | Bertin F.,Limoges University Hospital Center | Fourcade L.,Hopital Mere enfant | Maubon A.,Limoges University Hospital Center | And 9 more authors.
Human Reproduction | Year: 2011

Background We investigated a novel allotransplantation model using an aortocava patch in ewes. Methods and ResultsWe carried out 10 uterine orthotopic allotransplantations in ewes with end-to-side anastomosis of the aortocava donor patch on the left external iliac vessel recipient. The immunosuppressive protocol was a combination of cyclosporine (10 mg/kg/day) and mycophenolic acid (3 g/day). An estimation of the immunosuppressive therapy exposure was performed by measuring the area under the curve (AUC) of immunosuppressive plasma concentrations. The graft was assessed by vaginoscopy, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and second look laparotomy at 6, 8 and 10 weeks, respectively. The median (range) times for cold and warm ischemia were 95 min (75130) and 91 min (55165), respectively. All the vascular anastomoses were patent at the end of the surgery. The median AUC of cyclosporine and mycophenolic acid were 1.24 mg h/l (0.343.85) and 18.40 mg h/l (3.7642.35), respectively. Of the 10 ewes receiving a transplant, 6 could be assessed. Cervical biopsies showed signs of necrosis in all six ewes. The MRI results correlated with the macroscopic observations of the 'second look' laparotomy. The aortocava vascular pedicles were thrombosed, adding to the peripheral neovascularization. Graft histology showed endometrial tissue in two out of six ewes. Conclusions Mobility of the transplant within the pelvis, the length of the vascular pedicle and rejection can explain the high rate of transplant necrosis. The particular digestive anatomy and physiology of ruminants makes it difficult to administer an optimal immunosuppressive treatment. MRI appears to be a good non-invasive examination for graft estimation. © 2011 The Author. Source

Boulvain M.,University of Geneva | Senat M.-V.,University Paris - Sud | Perrotin F.,Pole de Gynecologie obstetrique | Winer N.,Hopital Mere enfant | And 16 more authors.
The Lancet | Year: 2015

Background Macrosomic fetuses are at increased risk of shoulder dystocia. We aimed to compare induction of labour with expectant management for large-for-date fetuses for prevention of shoulder dystocia and other neonatal and maternal morbidity associated with macrosomia. Methods We did this pragmatic, randomised controlled trial between Oct 1, 2002, and Jan 1, 2009, in 19 tertiary-care centres in France, Switzerland, and Belgium. Women with singleton fetuses whose estimated weight exceeded the 95th percentile, were randomly assigned (1:1), via computer-generated permuted-block randomisation (block size of four to eight) to receive induction of labour within 3 days between 37+0 weeks and 38+6 weeks of gestation, or expectant management. Randomisation was stratified by centre. Participants and caregivers were not masked to group assignment. Our primary outcome was a composite of clinically significant shoulder dystocia, fracture of the clavicle, brachial plexus injury, intracranial haemorrhage, or death. We did analyses by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00190320. Findings We randomly assigned 409 women to the induction group and 413 women to the expectant management group, of whom 407 women and 411 women, respectively, were included in the final analysis. Mean birthweight was 3831 g (SD 324) in the induction group and 4118 g (392) in the expectant group. Induction of labour significantly reduced the risk of shoulder dystocia or associated morbidity (n=8) compared with expectant management (n=25; relative risk [RR] 0·32, 95% CI 0·15-0·71; p=0·004). We recorded no brachial plexus injuries, intracranial haemorrhages, or perinatal deaths. The likelihood of spontaneous vaginal delivery was higher in women in the induction group than in those in the expectant management group (RR 1·14, 95% CI 1·01-1·29). Caesarean delivery and neonatal morbidity did not differ significantly between the groups. Interpretation Induction of labour for suspected large-for-date fetuses is associated with a reduced risk of shoulder dystocia and associated morbidity compared with expectant management. Induction of labour does not increase the risk of caesarean delivery and improves the likelihood of spontaneous vaginal delivery. These benefits should be balanced with the effects of early-term induction of labour. Funding Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris and the University of Geneva. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Senat M.-V.,Center for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health | Porcher R.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Winer N.,Hopital Mere enfant | Vayssiere C.,Hopital Paul de Viguier | And 7 more authors.
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2013

Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the use of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) to reduce preterm delivery in women with a twin pregnancy and short cervix. Study Design: This open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled trial included women with a twin pregnancy between 24+0 and 31+6 weeks of gestation who were asymptomatic and had a cervical length of 25 mm or less measured by routine transvaginal ultrasound. Women were randomized to receive (or not) 500 mg of intramuscular 17P, repeated twice weekly until 36 weeks or preterm delivery. The primary outcome was time from randomization to delivery. Analysis was performed according to the intent-to-treat principle. Results: The 17P and control groups did not differ significantly for median [interquartile range] time to delivery: 45 (26-62) and 51 (36-66) days, respectively. However, treatment with 17P was associated with a significant increase in the rate of preterm delivery before 32 weeks. Conclusion: Twice-weekly injections of 17P did not prolong pregnancy significantly in asymptomatic women with a twin pregnancy and short cervix. © 2013 Mosby, Inc. Source

Salmon-Musial A.-S.,American Memorial Hospital | Rosilio M.,Lilly France | David M.,Hopital Mere enfant | Huber C.,University of Paris Descartes | And 3 more authors.
Hormone Research in Paediatrics | Year: 2011

Aims: To describe genetic, clinical, anthropometric and radiological characteristics of 22 children with SHOX gene anomalies and familial short stature suggestive of Léri-Weill dyschondrosteosis. Methods: Monocentric retrospective observational study. Results: Six children (27%) presented with deletions located downstream of SHOX (mean height -1.4 ± 0.9 SDS) and 16 (68%) with either deletions encompassing SHOX, intragenic deletions or point mutations of SHOX (mean patient height for the 3 latter types of anomalies: -2.6 ± 0.8 SDS). In our sample, the two most frequently observed dysmorphic signs were clinical and/or radiological Madelung deformity (86%) and high arched palate (77%). Half the girls were born small for gestational age. Sixteen children treated with recombinant growth hormone had an increase in height from -2.7 ± 0.7 to -1.4 ± 0.7 SDS. Four children achieved adult height (-2.0 ± 0.9 SDS) with a gain over baseline height of 1.0 ± 0.5 SDS after a mean treatment duration of 5.8 ± 2.1 years. Conclusion: Patients shared common clinical, anthropometric and radiological signs but their height deficit varied, depending on the type of the SHOX gene anomaly. Due to the small size of our sample, our findings need to be confirmed in a larger population of patients. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Winer N.,Hopital Mere enfant | Senat M.-V.,Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris | Bohec C.,HOpital Morvan | Deruelle P.,Hopital Jeanne de Flandre | And 6 more authors.
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2015

Objective The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17OHP-C) in prolonging gestation in patients with a short cervix and other risk factors for preterm delivery, such as previous preterm birth, cervical surgery, uterine anomalies, or prenatal diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure. Study Design This open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled trial included asymptomatic singleton pregnancies from 20+0 through 31+6 weeks of gestation with a cervical length less than 25 mm and a history of preterm delivery or cervical surgery or uterine malformation or prenatal DES exposure. Randomization assigned them to receive (or not) 500 mg of intramuscular 17OHP-C weekly until 36 weeks. The primary outcome was time from randomization to delivery. Results After enrolling 105 patients, an interim analysis demonstrated the lack of efficacy of 17OHP-C in prolonging pregnancy. The study was discontinued because of futility. The groups were similar for maternal age, body mass index, parity, gestational age at inclusion, history of uterine anomalies, DES syndrome, previous preterm delivery or midtrimester abortion, and cervical length at randomization. The enrollment-to-delivery interval did not differ between patients allocated to 17OHP-C (n = 51) and those allocated to the control group (n = 54) (median [interquartile range] time to delivery: 77 [54-103] and 74 [52-99] days, respectively). The rate of preterm delivery less than 37 (45% vs 44%, P >.99), less than 34 (24% vs 30%, P =.51), or less than 32 (14% vs 20%, P =.44) weeks was similar in patients allocated to 17OHP-C and those in the control group. Conclusion 17OHP-C did not prolong pregnancy in women with singleton gestations, a sonographic short cervix, and other risk factors of preterm delivery (prior history, uterine malformations, cervical surgery, or prenatal DES exposure). © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

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