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Murviel-lès-Montpellier, France

Giacalone P.L.,Oncology Unit | Rathat G.,Oncology Unit | Daures J.P.,Biostatistics Unit | Benos P.,Oncology Unit | And 2 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2010

Feasibility and oncological safety of post-adjuvant skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) plus immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) cannot be evaluated by randomized trials. However, comparative study could modify guidelines for the oncosurgical treatment of invasive breast cancer. Our study compared the feasibility, oncological safety and esthetic outcome of SSM plus latissimus dorsi (LD) flap IBR after chemotherapy (CT) and radiotherapy (RT) with the standard management for invasive breast cancer: mastectomy as primary treatment, adjuvant CT and RT, and LD flap delayed breast reconstruction (DBR). Twenty-six selected patients with stages IIA-IIIA breast cancer were offered post-neoadjuvant SSM plus IBR with LD flap plus implant (IBR group). Seventy-eight other patients had primary mastectomy, adjuvant CT and RT, and LD-assisted DBR (DBR group). After 4.1 years (range 1-8) of follow-up, feasibility, oncological safety, and esthetic outcome were compared. Sixteen (61%) early complications were reported for the IBR group versus 44 (56%) for the DBR group (P = 0.645). Early implant loss was 0% in IBR versus 12% in DBR. IBR had 8 (30%) late complications versus 17 (21%) for DBR (P = 0.362). Capsular contracture and reconstruction failure rates were similar. Local recurrence was 7.7% (2/26) in IBR and 6.4% (5/78) in DBR (P = 0.823). Cosmetic evaluation by independent physicians and by the patients themselves was identical in the two groups. Our concept provides a basis for offering more women the opportunity to elect for immediate reconstruction, even in the setting of radiation therapy. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2009.

Avignon A.,Hopital Lapeyronie
Correspondances en MHND | Year: 2014

Nearly 50% of the population is overweight. Thus, every physician is confronted with patients who are overweight or obese. The pathophysiology of obesity is complex and brings into play many mechanisms; gaining weight is not just overeating and lack of will! A physician must be able to identify q patients who should be recommanded to lose weight; he should also be able to guide the patients through the available ressources. Physicians must accept obese patients with respect and avoid discriminating against obese people.

Vanscheidt W.,Paula Modersohn Platz 3 | Harding K.,University of Cardiff | Teot L.,Hopital Lapeyronie | Siebert J.,Schulke and Mayr GmbH
International Wound Journal | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of octenidine dihydrochloride/phenoxyethanol (OHP) found in vitro by conducting a randomized, double-blind controlled clinical study focusing on its safe and effective use in chronic venous leg ulcers. In total, 126 male and female patients were treated with either OHP (n = 60) or Ringer solution (n = 66). The treatment lasted over a period of maximum 12 weeks. For the assessment of the wound-healing process, clinical outcome parameters were employed, that is, time span until 100% epithelization, wound status and the wound surface area were analysed. Side effects were recorded during the study period. The median time to complete ulcer healing was comparable between the OHP and Ringer solution groups (92 versus 87 days; P = 0·952), without being influenced by wound size or duration of the target ulcer (P-values: 0·947/0·978). In patients treated with OHP, fewer adverse events (AEs) were observed compared with the Ringer group (17% versus 29% of patients reported 20 versus 38 AEs). OHP is well suitable for the treatment of chronic wounds without cytotoxic effects. Furthermore, OHP does not impair the wound healing in chronic venous ulcers. © 2011 The Authors. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd and Medicalhelplines.com Inc.

Dechanet C.,Hopital Arnaud de Villeneuve | Anahory T.,Hopital Arnaud de Villeneuve | Mathieu Daude J.C.,Hopital Lapeyronie | Quantin X.,Hopital Arnaud de Villeneuve | And 4 more authors.
Human Reproduction Update | Year: 2011

Background: Cigarette smoking is associated with lower fecundity rates, adverse reproductive outcomes and a higher risk of IVF failures. Over the last few decades, prevalence of smoking among women of reproductive age has increased. This review focuses on current knowledge of the potential effects of smoke toxicants on all reproductive stages and the consequences of smoke exposure on reproductive functions. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of the scientific literature on the impact of cigarette smoking and smoke constituents on the different stages of reproductive function, including epidemiological, clinical and experimental studies. We attempted to create hypotheses and find explanations for the deleterious effects of cigarette smoke observed in experimental studies. Results: Cigarette smoke contains several thousand components (e.g. nicotine, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and cadmium) with diverse effects. Each stage of reproductive function, folliculogenesis, steroidogenesis, embryo transport, endometrial receptivity, endometrial angiogenesis, uterine blood flow and uterine myometrium is a target for cigarette smoke components. The effects of cigarette smoke are dose-dependent and are influenced by the presence of other toxic substances and hormonal status. Individual sensitivity, dose, time and type of exposure also play a role in the impact of smoke constituents on human fertility. Conclusions: All stages of reproductive functions are targets of cigarette smoke toxicants. Further studies are necessary to better understand the deleterious effects of cigarette smoke compounds on the reproductive system in order to improve health care, help to reduce cigarette smoking and provide a better knowledge of the molecular mechanisms involved in reproductive toxicology. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved.

Lefebvre P.,Hopital Lapeyronie | Letois F.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Sultan A.,Hopital Lapeyronie | Nocca D.,Hopital St Eloi | And 2 more authors.
Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases | Year: 2014

Background Nutritional deficiencies are common after bariatric surgery, but few studies have examined them preoperatively. The objective of this study was to evaluate several vitamins, nutrients, and nutritional markers and their determinants in patients with obesity considering bariatric surgery. Methods Preoperative values of fasting plasma glucose, insulin, lipid profile, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), parathyroid hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, calcium, phosphate, albumin, magnesium, total proteins, liver function tests, iron, ferritin, folate, vitamin A, vitamin B12, selenium, and zinc were evaluated in 267 Caucasian outpatients (74.2% women, aged 40.5±12.6 years) who were considering bariatric surgery. The determinants of nutrient variability were analyzed by linear regression for nutrients with a prevalence of deficiency>10%, i.e., serum 25(OH)D, iron, phosphate, magnesium, and vitamin A. Results Prevalence of inadequate concentrations was high for 25(OH)D (67.9% with values 20 ng/mL), magnesium (35.4%), phosphate (21.6%), iron (18.8%), and vitamin A (16.9%). Multiple deficiencies were common; 28.5%, 12.1%, and 6.3% of patients had 2, 3, and 4 deficiencies, respectively. In multivariate analyses, metabolic characteristics had an important impact on deficiencies, with lower values of 25(OH)D and vitamin A with increasing body mass index, lower values of 25(OH)D and magnesium with increasing fasting plasma glucose, and a positive correlation between vitamin A and triglycerides. Elevated TSH was associated with low iron concentrations. Conclusion At all ages, micronutrient deficiencies were common, with high prevalence of concentration inadequacies for 25(OH)D, magnesium, phosphate, iron, and vitamin A. High body mass index and high fasting plasma glucose increased the risk of deficiencies, particularly for 25(OH)D. Preoperative screening and correction of deficiencies should be advised. © 2014 American Society for Bariatric Surgery.

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