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Clermont-Ferrand, France

Agar N.,Hopital Estaing | Philippe A.-C.,Center Jean Perrin | Philippe A.-C.,University dAuvergne | Bourdel N.,Hopital Estaing | And 10 more authors.
Bulletin du Cancer | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to evaluate the complication rate of pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy in the management of endometrial cancer following the changes to the recommendations of INCa 2010. This is a retrospective study of 208 patients operated for endometrial cancer between July 2010 and March 2014 in two referral centers. Eighty lymphadenectomy were performed, 65 with hysterectomy and bilateral annexectomy and 18 lymphadenectomy were performed for restaging. Complications assessment is based on the Dindo Clavien classification. We report 17 severe complications (grade 3a and over) (P < 0.001), including 14 among patients receiving lymphadenectomy. Morbidity increases with the number of lymphnodes removed and their positivity (P < 0.001). The para-aortic lymphadenectomy is primarily responsible for complications (P < 0.001). We describe 7 lower limbs lymphedema, 12 nerve injuries, 8 ileus, 5 venous or arterial thromboembolism, 17 blood transfusions, 13 lymphoceles including 9 infected. The rate of intraoperative complications on a first lymphadenectomy is 8% while it reached 22% for restaging. Restaging is significantly more at risk of serious complications (P = 0.03) with two deaths. Twenty-four chronic disorders with impaired quality of life (2 without lymphadenectomy) are reported. They are present in 50% of restaging (P = 0.033 compared to first lymphadenectomy). Lymphadenectomy is a source of severe morbidity (17.5%) with 2.5% mortality. The benefit of this surgery should probably be discussed again. © 2015 Société Française du Cancer. Publié par Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés.


Papazian L.,Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Marseille | Roch A.,Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Marseille | Charles P.-E.,CHU de Dijon | Penot-Ragon C.,Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Marseille | And 16 more authors.
JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association | Year: 2013

IMPORTANCE: Observational studies have reported that statin use may be associated with improved outcomes of various infections. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common infection in the intensive care unit (ICU) and is associated with substantial mortality. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether statin therapy can decrease day-28 mortality in patients with VAP. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallelgroup, multicenter trial performed in 26 intensive care units in France from January 2010to March 2013. For power to detect an 8%absolute reduction in the day-28 mortality rate,we planned to enroll 1002 patients requiring invasive mechanical ventilation for more than 2 days and having suspected VAP, defined as a modified Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score of 5 or greater. The futility stopping ruleswere an absolute increase in day-28 mortality of at least 2.7% with simvastatin compared with placebo after enrollment of the first 251 patients. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to receive simvastatin (60mg) or placebo, started on the same day as antibiotic therapy and given until ICU discharge, death, or day 28, whichever occurred first. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Primary outcomewas day-28 mortality. Day-14, ICU, and hospital mortality rates were determined, as well as duration of mechanical ventilation and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores on days 3, 7, and 14. RESULTS: The study was stopped for futility at the first scheduled interim analysis after enrollment of 300 patients, of whom all but 7% in the simvastatin group and 11% in the placebo group were naive to statin therapy at ICU admission. Day-28 mortality was not lower in the simvastatin group (21.2% [95% CI, 15.4% to 28.6%) than in the placebo group (15.2% [95% CI, 10.2% to 22.1%]; P = .10; hazard ratio, 1.45 [95% CI, 0.83 to 2.51]); the between-group difference was 6.0% (95% CI, -3.0% to 14.9%). In statin-naive patients, day-28 mortality was 21.5% (95% CI, 15.4% to 29.1%) with simvastatin and 13.8% (95% CI, 8.8% to 21.0%) with placebo (P = .054) (between-group difference, 7.7% [95% CI, -1.8% to 16.8%). There were no significant differences regarding day-14, ICU, or hospital mortality rates; duration of mechanical ventilation; or changes in SOFA score. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: In adults with suspected VAP, adjunctive simvastatin therapy compared with placebo did not improve day-28 survival. These findings do not support the use of statins with the goal of improving VAP outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01057758.


Nguyen S.,Service dhematologie | Blaise D.,Institute Paoli Calmettes | Bay J.-O.,Hopital Estaing | Chevallier P.,Nantes University Hospital Center | And 14 more authors.
Pathologie Biologie | Year: 2014

Haploidentical allogeneic stem cell transplantation (CST) has globally taken off in the past decade. It appears to be a valid alternative to other sources of stem cells; however, further research is necessary to validate the use of this approach in standard patient care. In the attempt to harmonize clinical practices between different French transplantation centers, the French Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cell Therapies (SFGM-TC) set up its fourth annual series of workshops which brought together practitioners from all of its member centers. These workshops took place in September 2013in Lille. This is part two of the recommendations regarding allogeneic stem cell transplantation from an HLA-haploidentical related donor. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS.


Blaise D.,Institute Paoli Calmettes | Nguyen S.,Service dhematologie | Bay J.-O.,Hopital Estaing | Chevallier P.,Nantes University Hospital Center | And 14 more authors.
Pathologie Biologie | Year: 2014

Haploidentical allogeneic stem cell transplantation (CST) has globally taken off in the past decade. It appears to be a valid alternative to other sources of stem cells; however, further research is necessary to validate the use of this approach in standard patient care. In the attempt to harmonize clinical practices between different French transplantation centers, the French Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cell Therapies (SFGM-TC) set up its fourth annual series of workshops which brought together practitioners from all of its member centers. These workshops took place in September 2013in Lille. This is part one of the recommendations regarding allogeneic stem cell transplantation from an HLA-haploidentical related donor. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS.


In the attempt to harmonize clinical practices between different French transplantation centers, the French Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cell Therapy (SFGM-TC) set up the fourth annual series of workshops which brought together practitioners from all member centers and took place in September2013 in Lille. Here, we report our recommendations regarding the use of donor lymphocyte injection (DLI) in the prophylactic, pre-emptive and curative settings. This work has been limited to allogeneic stem cell transplantations from an HLA-matched (10/10) or -one antigen-mismatched (9/10) donor. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS.

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