PubMed | Center Hospitalier University Ambroise Pare, Hopital Victor Dupouy Hospital, Montpellier University, Hopital dInstruction des Armees Percy and 8 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV | Year: 2016
Age of the patients and age of onset of psoriasis may have an impact on the disease. There is little information about psoriasis in elderly patients.We evaluated epidemiological, clinical aspects, comorbidities and treatments of psoriasis in the elderly (>70 years) patients, and in patients with very late onset psoriasis (onset 70 years).This observational multicentre non-interventional study of adults with psoriasis was conducted in 29 departments of dermatology in France. A total of 2210 adults with psoriasis were included.A total of 212 (9.5%) patients were elderly. This group had a higher frequency of females (P = 0.005), a later onset of the disease (P < 0.0001), a lower frequency of familial (P < 0.0001) and plaque psoriasis (P < 0.0001), but higher frequency of guttate and inverse psoriasis (P 0.005). Hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, and major cardiovascular events (MACE) were more frequent in this group (P < 0.0001), but not tobacco (P < 0.0001). Systemic and biological therapies were used less frequently in the elderly group (P < 0.0001). Fifty-eight (2.7%) patients had late onset psoriasis. Patients with very late onset psoriasis were more frequently women (P = 0.02) and older (P < 0.0001), among elderly group. They had significantly less frequently familial (P < 0.0001) and plaque psoriasis (P < 0.0001), and were less often on systemic treatment including biological. Frequencies of comorbidities were not statically different but patients with early onset psoriasis have a tendency (P < 0.5) to have higher frequencies of obesity, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, hypertension and MACE.This study highlights phenotypic features of psoriasis in elderly and in very late onset psoriasis. The management of these fragile patients remains poorly codified and needs further investigation.
PubMed | CHU Avicennes, hopital Sud, Center Hospitalier Of La Region Dannecy, Center hospitalier Victor Dupouy and 7 more.
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Annales de dermatologie et de venereologie | Year: 2016
Several studies have shown a high prevalence of cardiovascular and metabolic comorbidities in psoriasis. Our study aimed to evaluate the association of psoriasis with key comorbidities such as smoking, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidaemia and diabetes comparatively with French national data.This multicentre noninterventional observational study of adults with psoriasis was conducted in 29 dermatology centres in France. A total of 2210 patients were included. The prevalence of comorbidities in psoriatic patients was compared to data from the French national databanks ObEpi 2012 (obesity, hypertension, dyslipidaemia and diabetes) and Baromtre Sant 2010 (smoking).We reported a higher prevalence of all metabolic comorbidities and high blood pressure in psoriatic patients. Smoking: 32.5% were active smokers; the age of onset and the prevalence of familial psoriasis were significantly lower in the smoking group but the severity of psoriasis was significantly higher. The frequency of smoking was higher than in the general population, particularly among young female patients. Obesity: 24% of patients with psoriasis were obese. Multivariate analysis showed obesity to be significantly associated with other comorbidities, severity of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. The incidence of obesity was higher than in general population, occurring chiefly in subjects aged over 45 years.26% of patients with psoriasis had hypertension. The age of onset of psoriasis and the prevalence of psoriatic arthritis were significantly higher in the hypertension group, although there was less familial psoriasis. The incidence of hypertension was higher than in general population. Dyslipidaemia: 27.5% of patients with psoriasis had dyslipidaemia. The age of onset in the dyslipidaemia group was higher although there was less familial psoriasis. The incidence of dyslipidaemia was higher than in general population. Diabetes: 11.0% of patients with psoriasis had diabetes. The age of onset of psoriasis was significantly higher in the diabetes group although there was less familial psoriasis. The incidence of diabetes was higher than in general population particularly after the age of 35 years.These results confirmed that psoriasis is associated with significant metabolic comorbidities and hypertension compared to the general population in France, with certain epidemiological differences for each.
Maccari F.,Hopital dInstruction des Armees Begin
Journal of Dermatological Treatment | Year: 2016
Background: A ready to use betamethasone valerate 0.1% (BMV) dressing was effective and well-tolerated by patients receiving chronic plaque psoriasis treatment. Objective: Collect data related to BMV dressing used in the context of market authorization. Methods: An observational, prospective study, including 258 patients with a maximum 4-weeks-treatment of inflammatory dermatosis with BMV 2.25 mg plaster was performed. The prescription pattern was described and the disease severity assessed using a Physician Global Assessment (PGA). Patient satisfaction as well as their quality of life (DLQI) were evaluated. Clinical evaluation was performed before and after the treatment. Results: The DLQI scores improved from 10.0 ± 5.4 to 3.5 ± 3.5 points (p < 0.0001) and PGA decreased from 12.5 ± 3.1 to 4.2 ± 3.0 points (p < 0.0001). The highest DLQI and PGA improvement was reported for the eczema group. Subjects reported the test dressing was better than prior therapies with 93.5% very satisfied and 90.4% satisfied. Conclusions: The BMV dressing is well-tolerated and effective in the treatment of inflammatory dermatoses, improving both the objective signs of the disease as well as patients quality of life. © 2015 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis.
Delacour H.,Hopital dInstruction des Armees Begin |
Sauvanet C.,Hopital dInstruction des Armees Begin |
Ceppa F.,Hopital dInstruction des Armees Begin |
Burnat P.,Hopital dInstruction des Armees Begin
Clinical Biochemistry | Year: 2010
Objective: To evaluate the analytical performance of the Diazyme ADA assay on the Cobas® 6000 system for pleural fluid samples analysis. Design and methods: Imprecision, linearity, calibration curve stability, interference, and correlation studies were completed. Results: The Diazyme ADA assay demonstrated excellent precision (CV<4%) over the analytical measurement range (0.5-117 U/L). Bilirubin above 50μmol/L and haemoglobin above 177μmol/L interfered with the test, inducing a negative and a positive interference respectively. The Diazyme ADA assay correlated well with the Giusti method (r2=0.93) but exhibited a negative bias (~ -30%). Conclusions: The Diazyme ADA assay on the Cobas® 6000 system represents a rapid, accurate, precise and reliable method for determination of ADA activity in pleural fluid samples. © 2010 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists.
Moissenet D.,University Pierre and Marie Curie |
Becker K.,University of Munster |
Merens A.,Hopital dInstruction des Armees Begin |
Ferroni A.,University of Paris Descartes |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2012
A case of persistent bloodstream infection with Kocuria rhizophila related to a damaged central venous catheter in a 3-year-old girl with Hirschsprung's disease is reported. The strain was identified as K. rhizophila by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. Arbitrarily primed PCR analysis showed a clonal strain. The repeated septic episodes were resolved with the catheter repair. Copyright © 2012, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
PubMed | Antenne medicale specialisee de Satory, Hopital dInstruction des Armees Begin and University of Versailles
Type: | Journal: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps | Year: 2016
Each year, the French Special Weapons And Tactics team, Groupe dIntervention de la Gendarmerie Nationale, recruits new members through a physically demanding 8-week selection process. The goal of this study is to estimate the incidence and the causes for temporary or final interruptions during this process for medical reasons.All of the candidates for the November 2015 selection process were included in this prospective study. The number and reasons for temporary or final interruptions were documented by military general practitioners.The applicants were 48 law enforcement professionals (2 women, mean age 29.4years, range 22-35). In 14 cases, a temporary interruption was required and in five cases the selection process prematurely ended. Fifty-two per cent of the temporary interruptions were due to sprains, tendinopathies, fractures or muscle tears, 11% were due to burns, wounds or subcutaneous bruises, 16% were due to cranial trauma and 21% were due to medical causes.The high prevalence of minor traumatology that we observed is similar to the ones observed in other cohorts describing initial training for military personnel in the conventional forces. However, the presence of other pathologies in our study, such as cranial trauma or medical causes, is due to the specificity of this internship selection granting access to an elite unit.
PubMed | Hopital dinstruction des armees Begin
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annales de biologie clinique | Year: 2016
Butyrylcholinesterase (EC 220.127.116.11; BChE) is a sister enzyme of acetylcholinesterase. Though BChE lacks obvious physiological functions, it is of toxicological and pharmacological importance in detoxifying or catabolising ester-containing drugs. Furthermore, individuals deficient in BChE appear asymptomatic, apart from a heightened sensitivity to the muscle relaxants suxamethonium and mivacurium, two BChE substrates used as myorelaxant. Although many acquired conditions may affect BChE activity, BChE deficiency is mainly due to mutations in the BCHE gene (OMIM 177400). Currently, more than 70 natural mutations have been documented in human BCHE. They have an adverse effect on BChE activity by affecting the catalytic functioning or the protein expression. However, the atypical variant (rs1799807) is the most frequently involved in prolonged apnea.
PubMed | Hopital dInstruction des armees Begin
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annales de biologie clinique | Year: 2017
Lactose, the principle sugar in milk, is a disaccharide hydrolyzed by intestinal lactase into glucose and galactose, which are absorbed directly by diffusion in the intestine. The decline of lactase expression (or hypolactasia) in intestinal microvilli after weaning is a normal phenomenon in mammals known as lactase deficiency. It is observed in nearly 75% of the world population and is an inherited autosomal recessive trait with incomplete penetrance. It is caused by SNPs in a regulatory element for lactase gene. In Indo-European, lactase deficiency is associated with rs4982235 SNP (or -13910C>T). The aim of this study is to describe a method based on high resolution melting for rapidly detecting genetic predisposition to lactose intolerance. Analytical performance of the assay was assessed by evaluating within and betwwen-run precision and by comparing the results (n = 50 patients) obtained with the HRM assay to those obtained with the gold standard (Sanger sequencing of the region of interest). In silico prediction of HRM curves was performed to evaluate the potential impact of the other SNPs described within the PCR product on the HRM analytical performances. The assay has good performance (CV <0.2% during the between-run study). A perfect agreement with the gold standard method was observed. The presence of other polymorphisms within the amplified sequence is detected, the misclassification risk is low. This assay can be used for rapidly diagnosing genetic predisposition to lactose intolerance.
PubMed | Hopital dInstruction des Armees Begin
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of dermatological treatment | Year: 2016
A ready to use betamethasone valerate 0.1% (BMV) dressing was effective and well-tolerated by patients receiving chronic plaque psoriasis treatment.Collect data related to BMV dressing used in the context of market authorization.An observational, prospective study, including 258 patients with a maximum 4-weeks-treatment of inflammatory dermatosis with BMV 2.25mg plaster was performed. The prescription pattern was described and the disease severity assessed using a Physician Global Assessment (PGA). Patient satisfaction as well as their quality of life (DLQI) were evaluated. Clinical evaluation was performed before and after the treatment.The DLQI scores improved from 10.05.4 to 3.53.5 points (p<0.0001) and PGA decreased from 12.53.1 to 4.23.0 points (p<0.0001). The highest DLQI and PGA improvement was reported for the eczema group. Subjects reported the test dressing was better than prior therapies with 93.5% very satisfied and 90.4% satisfied.The BMV dressing is well-tolerated and effective in the treatment of inflammatory dermatoses, improving both the objective signs of the disease as well as patients quality of life.
Pasquier P.,Hopital DInstruction des Armees Begin |
Gayat E.,University Paris Diderot |
Ravinet J.,University of Paris Descartes |
Vincent J.-L.,Free University of Colombia |
And 3 more authors.
Anesthesia and Analgesia | Year: 2013
BACKGROUND:: Postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal death worldwide. Recent data from trauma patients and patients with hemorrhagic shock have suggested that an increased fresh frozen plasma:red blood cell (FFP:RBC) ratio may be of benefit in massive bleeding. We addressed this issue in cases of severe postpartum hemorrhage. METHODS:: We reviewed data from all patients diagnosed with severe postpartum hemorrhage during a 4-year period (2006-2009). Patients who were treated with sulprostone and required transfusion within 6 hours of delivery were included in the study and were divided into 2 groups according to their response to sulprostone: bleeding controlled with sulprostone alone (sulprostone group) and bleeding requiring an additional advanced interventional procedure including arterial angiographic embolization and/or surgical procedures (arterial ligation, B-Lynch suture, or hysterectomy; intervention group). The requirement or no requirement for advanced procedures constituted the primary end point of the study. Propensity scoring was used to assess the effect of a high FFP:RBC ratio on bleeding control. RESULTS:: Among 12,226 deliveries during the study period, 142 (1.1%) were complicated by severe postpartum hemorrhage. Bleeding was controlled with sulprostone alone in 90 patients (63%). Advanced interventional procedures were required for 52 patients (37%). Forty-one patients were transfused with both RBCs and FFP. The FFP:RBC ratio increased over the study period (P < 0.001), from 1:1.8 at the start to 1:1.1 at the end of the study period. After propensity score modeling (inverse probability of treatment weighting), a high FFP:RBC ratio was associated with lower odds for advanced interventional procedures (odds ratio [95% confidence interval], 1.25 [1.07-1.47]; P = 0.008). There were no deaths, severe organ dysfunction, or other complications as a consequence of severe postpartum hemorrhage. CONCLUSIONS:: In this retrospective study, a higher FFP:RBC ratio was associated with a lower requirement for advanced interventional procedures in the setting of postpartum hemorrhage. The benefits of transfusion using a higher FFP:RBC ratio should be confirmed by randomized-controlled trials. Copyright © 2012 International Anesthesia Research Society.