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Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France

Denis P.,Hopital de la Croix Rousse
Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy | Year: 2011

Introduction: Many patients with glaucoma require multiple medications for adequate disease control. This review summarizes the efficacy and safety of the travoprost/timolol fixed combination in lowering intraocular pressure in eyes with glaucoma. Areas covered: Phase III and IV evaluations of travoprost/timolol are reviewed, including trials comparing the fixed combination with constituents, with unfixed concomitant therapy and with other unfixed and fixed combinations of glaucoma medications. The safety of travoprost/timolol is also reviewed. Expert opinion: The role of fixed-combination drugs, including travoprost/timolol, in the management of glaucoma is discussed. Unmet needs in glaucoma therapy, including long-acting drug delivery systems and therapies that treat glaucoma via mechanisms other than reduction of intraocular pressure, are also presented. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Parc Y.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Mabrut J.-Y.,Hopital de la Croix Rousse | Shields C.,Materials Misericordiae University Hospital
British Journal of Surgery | Year: 2011

Background: Duodenal adenomas develop in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis, incurring a risk of carcinoma. When this risk is high, surgery is indicated. The choice of surgical treatment can be difficult as evidence-based data are lacking. Methods: This is a systematic review of the literature on the non-medical management of duodenal lesions arising in the setting of familial adenomatous polyposis. Studies were identified through searching MEDLINE. Studies published between January 1965 and October 2009 were included. Data regarding number of subjects, complications, length of follow-up, recurrence rate and outcome were extracted. Results: Transduodenal resection does not differ from an endoscopic approach in terms of recurrence. Ampullectomy has limited application as only papillary lesions are amenable to treatment in this manner. Duodenectomy with pancreas preservation is preferable to pancreaticoduodenectomy unless malignancy is present, or cannot be excluded. Conclusion: Surgery should be reserved for advanced or malignant polyps. © 2011 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Source

To assess preload dependence, the variation of the plethysmographic waveform of pulse oximetry (ΔPOP) has been proposed as a surrogate of the pulse pressure variation (ΔPP). The aim of the study was to assess the ability of the pulse oximeter-derived plethysmographic analysis to accurately trend ΔPP in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery by using standard monitors. A continuous recording of arterial and plethysmographic waveform was performed in 43 patients undergoing abdominal surgery. ΔPP and ΔPOP were calculated on validated respiratory cycles. For analysis, 92,467 respiratory cycles were kept (73.5% of cycles recorded in 40 patients). The mean of intrapatient coefficients of correlation was low (r = 0.22). The Bland and Altman analysis showed a systematic bias of 5.21; the ΔPOP being greater than the ΔPP, this bias increased with the mean value of the two indices and the limits of agreement were wide (upper 21.7% and lower -11.3%). Considering a ΔPP threshold at 12% to classify respiratory cycles as responders and nonresponders, the corresponding best cutoff value of ΔPOP was 13.6 ± 4.3%. Using these threshold values, the observed classification agreement was moderate (κ = 0.50 ± 0.09). The wide limits of agreement between ΔPP and ΔPOP and the weak correlation between both values cast doubt regarding the ability of ΔPOP to substitute ΔPP to follow trend in preload dependence and classify respiratory cycles as responders or nonresponders using standard monitor during anesthesia for major abdominal surgery. Source

Kieffer F.,Neonatal Intensive Care Unit | Wallon M.,Hopital de la Croix Rousse
Handbook of Clinical Neurology | Year: 2013

Congenital toxoplasmosis results from the transplacental transmission of the parasite Toxoplasma gondii after a maternal infection acquired in pregnancy. Prevalence of congenital infection ranges from 0.1 to 0.3 per 1000 live births. The maternal-fetal transmission rate increases with gestational age at maternal seroconversion, from less than 15% at 13 weeks of gestation to over 70% at 36 weeks. Conversely, the later the maternal infection, the lower the risk of symptomatic congenital infection (infections acquired during the third trimester are most often asymptomatic at birth). Prenatal diagnosis is currently performed by PCR analysis in amniotic fluid. Antenatal management and treatment vary considerably among countries. In some European countries, maternal infections are detected through serological screening allowing a prompt treatment with spiramycin, which is expected to reduce the risk of vertical transmission. If PCR analysis in amniotic fluid is positive or if maternal infection was acquired in the third trimester of pregnancy, a combination with pyrimethamine and sulphonamide is given until delivery. Benefits of antenatal treatments remain controversial. Infected newborns are prescribed pyrimethamine and sulphonamide for 12 months. Despite antenatal and postnatal treatment, chorioretinitis can occur at any age (prevalence > 20% at 10 years of age): long-term ophthalmological follow-up remains necessary. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

Devouassoux-Shisheboran M.,Hopital de la Croix Rousse | Genestie C.,Institute Gustave Roussy
Chinese Journal of Cancer | Year: 2015

Ovarian tumors comprise a heterogeneous group of lesions, displaying distinct tumor pathology and oncogenic potentiel. These tumors are subdivided into three main categories: epithelial, germ cell, and sex-cord stromal tumors. We report herein the newly described molecular abnormalities in epithelial ovarian cancers (carcinomas). Immunohistochemistry and molecular testing help pathologists to decipher the significant heterogeneity of this disease. Our better understanding of the molecular basis of ovarian carcinomas represents the first step in the development of targeted therapies in the near future. © 2015 Landes Bioscience. All Rights reserved. Source

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