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Ben Rekaya M.,Tunis el Manar University | Laroussi N.,Tunis el Manar University | Messaoud O.,Tunis el Manar University | Jones M.,Tunis el Manar University | And 14 more authors.
BioMed Research International | Year: 2014

Xeroderma pigmentosum Variant (XP-V) form is characterized by a late onset of skin symptoms. Our aim is the clinical and genetic investigations of XP-V Tunisian patients in order to develop a simple tool for early diagnosis. We investigated 16 suspected XP patients belonging to ten consanguineous families. Analysis of the POLH gene was performed by linkage analysis, long range PCR, and sequencing. Genetic analysis showed linkage to the POLH gene with a founder haplotype in all affected patients. Long range PCR of exon 9 to exon 11 showed a 3926 bp deletion compared to control individuals. Sequence analysis demonstrates that this deletion has occurred between two Alu-Sq2 repetitive sequences in the same orientation, respectively, in introns 9 and 10. We suggest that this mutation POLH NG-009252.1: g.36847-40771del3925 is caused by an equal crossover event that occurred between two homologous chromosomes at meiosis. These results allowed us to develop a simple test based on a simple PCR in order to screen suspected XP-V patients. In Tunisia, the prevalence of XP-V group seems to be underestimated and clinical diagnosis is usually later. Cascade screening of this founder mutation by PCR in regions with high frequency of XP provides a rapid and cost-effective tool for early diagnosis of XP-V in Tunisia and North Africa. © 2014 Mariem Ben Rekaya et al. Source

Ben Rekaya M.,Tunis el Manar University | Jerbi M.,Tunis el Manar University | Messaoud O.,Tunis el Manar University | Ben Brick A.S.,Tunis el Manar University | And 11 more authors.
BioMed Research International | Year: 2013

Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP) is a rare recessive autosomal cancer prone disease, characterized by UV hypersensitivity and early appearance of cutaneous and ocular malignancies. We investigated four unrelated patients suspected to be XP-C. To confirm linkage to XPC gene, genotyping and direct sequencing of XPC gene were performed. Pathogenic effect of novel mutations was confirmed by reverse Transciptase PCR. Mutation screening revealed the presence of two novel mutations g.18246G>A and g.18810G>T in the XPC gene (NG-011763.1). The first is present in one patient XP50NEF, but the second is present in three unrelated patients (XP16KEB, XP28SFA, and XP45GB). These 3 patients are from three different cities of Southern Tunisia and bear the same haplotype, suggesting a founder effect. Reverse Transciptase PCR revealed the absence of the XPC mRNA. In Tunisia, as observed in an other severe genodermatosis, the mutational spectrum of XP-C group seems to be homogeneous with some clusters of heterogeneity that should be taken into account to improve molecular diagnosis of this disease. © 2013 Mariem Ben Rekaya et al. Source

Ben Bahria-Sediki I.,Laboratoire dImmunologie et Immunotherapie des Cancers | Ben Bahria-Sediki I.,University of Burgundy | Ben Bahria-Sediki I.,Tunis el Manar University | Sampaio C.,Laboratoire dImmunologie et Immunotherapie des Cancers | And 8 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2015

Various studies in western countries found Akt amplification to be a frequent event in human cancers, including bladder, but the correlation with clinicopathological features is controversial. Such studies have not been reported in African populations, including Tunisians. The purpose of this study was to assess expression of the phosphorylated/activated forms of Akt in tumors from Tunisian patients with bladder cancer and to correlate its expression with pathological and clinical parameters of the disease. The study included 72 patients of whom 34 were diagnosed as low- to medium-grade and 35 as high-grade; 30 were muscle stage and 39 non-muscle stage. Primary tumors from these patients, normal adjacent tissues, or bladder cancer cell-lines were analyzed for Ser473 phosphorylated Akt expression by Western blot. Seventy-two percent of primary tumors from patients with bladder cancer had increased levels of p-Akt. The p-Akt levels in patients with high-grade bladder cancer were significantly elevated compared to patients with low- or medium-grade bladder cancer. In invasive carcinoma, the p-Akt level was significantly higher than in superficial non-invasive bladder tumors. Concerning the influence of tobacco on Akt activation, no significant differences of p-Akt expression were found between non-smoker and smoker patients. Altogether, our results suggest that Akt activation can provide useful prognostic information and that tobacco represents a serious risk factor for recurrence in a cohort of Tunisian patients. © 2015 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) Source

Bahria-Sediki I.B.,EPHE Paris | Bahria-Sediki I.B.,University of Burgundy | Bahria-Sediki I.B.,Tunis el Manar University | Yousfi N.,EPHE Paris | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Translational Medicine | Year: 2016

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of three immune cell-related transcription factors, T-bet, GATA-3 and Bcl-6 in bladder cancer in Tunisian patients. Methods: Expression of T-bet, GATA-3 and Bcl-6 genes was assessed using RT-qPCR in 65 bladder cancers from patients: 32 being diagnosed as low- and medium-grade, 31 as high-grade, 25 as muscle invasive stage and 39 as non-muscle invasive stage. Gene expression was statistically correlated according to the grade, the stage, tobacco consumption, the BCG response and disease severity. Results: T-bet levels in patients with high-grade bladder cancer were significantly elevated compared to patients with low- or medium-grade bladder cancer (p = 0.005). In invasive carcinoma (T2-T4), the T-bet levels were significantly higher than in superficial non-invasive bladder tumors (Tis, Ta, and T1) (p = 0.02). However, T-bet is predictive of the response to BCG. Its expression is high in good responders to BCG (p = 0.02). In contrast, the expression of GATA-3 and Bcl-6 in non-invasive carcinoma (p = 0.008 and p = 0.0003) and in patients with low- and medium-grade cancers (p = 0.001 and p < 0.0001) is significantly higher than in invasive bladder tumors and in patients with high-grade bladder carcinoma, respectively. In addition, heavy smokers, whose tumors express low levels of GATA-3 and Bcl-6, are poor responders to BCG (p = 0.01 and p = 0.03). Finally, better patient survival correlated with GATA-3 (p = 0.04) and Bcl-6 (p = 0.04) but not T-bet expression. Conclusions: Our results suggest that T-bet expression in bladder tumors could be a positive prognostic indicator of BCG therapy, even if high levels are found in high-grade and stage of the disease. However, GATA-3 and Bcl-6 expression could be considered as predictive factors for good patient survival. © 2016 The Author(s). Source

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