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Incheon, South Korea

Yi T.,Inha University | Yi T.,Inha Research Institute for Medical Science | Yi T.,Homeotherapy Co. | Lee D.-S.,Inha University | And 6 more authors.

Emerging evidence of the potent immunosuppressive activity of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) by modulation of both innate and adaptive immune responses enables MSCs to be developed as a promising therapeutic modality for immune-related or inflammatory diseases. However, it is not clearly understood how MSCs exert their immunosuppressive effects on immune cells under inflammatory conditions. Using human bone marrow (BM)-derived clonal MSCs (hcMSCs), we obtained and analyzed a differentially expressed gene profile when stimulated with the inflammatory cytokines interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) to find novel candidate factors responsible for MSC immunomodulation. Microarray analysis showed that 5650 genes were upregulated and 5862 genes were downregulated with the cutoff of 2-fold expression change. Among these, the ICOSLG and STAT2 genes were drastically upregulated 173-fold and 154-fold, respectively. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis confirmed the microarray data. To evaluate whether their increased expression is related to MSC-mediated immunosuppression, siRNA-induced ICOSLG- or STAT2-knockdown hcMSCs were assessed for their T cell suppressive activity. We demonstrated that STAT2 but not ICOSLG is functionally involved in the immunosuppressive activity of hcMSCs as a novel regulator under inflammatory conditions. Gene ontology and pathway analyses further support the immunomodulatory function of hcMSCs when inflammatory stimulation was provided. Taken together, this study provides an informative genome-wide gene expression profile and molecular evidence for understanding the mechanisms underlying the modulation of immune cells by human BM-derived MSCs under inflammatory conditions. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Shim G.,Seoul National University | Kim G.,Seoul National University | Choi J.,Seoul National University | Yi T.,Inha University | And 6 more authors.
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces

Here, we report a chimeric peptide-tethered fibrin hydrogel scaffold for delivery of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC). Osteopontin-derived peptide (OP) was used as an hMSC-tethering moiety. OP showed hMSC adhesion properties and enhanced hMSC proliferation. A natural fibrin-binding protein-derived peptide (FBP) was tested for its ability to tether hMSC to the fibrin gel matrix. FBP loading on fibrin gels was 8.2-fold higher than that of a scrambled peptide (scFBP). FBP-loaded fibrin gels were retained at injection sites longer than scFBP-loaded fibrin gels, showing a 15.9-fold higher photon intensity of fluorescent FBP-grafted fibrin gels than fluorescent scFBP-loaded fibrin gels 48. h after injection. On the basis of the fibrin gel-binding properties of FBP and the hMSC-binding and proliferation-supporting properties of OP, we constructed chimeric peptides containing FBP and OP linked with a spacer (FBPsOP). Four days after transplantation, the survival of hMSC in FBPsOP-grafted fibrin gels was 3.9-fold higher than hMSC in fibrin gels alone. Our results suggest the potential of FBPsOP-grafted fibrin gels as a bioactive delivery system for enhanced survival of stem cells. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source

Lee S.J.,Seoul National University | Yi T.,Inha University | Yi T.,Homeotherapy Co. | Ahn S.H.,Seoul National University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used in a wide range of research and clinical studies because MSCs do not have any ethical issues and have the advantage of low carcinogenicity due to their limited proliferation. However, because only a small number of MSCs can be obtained from the bone marrow, ex vivo amplification is inevitably required. For that reason, this study was conducted to acquire the metabolic information to examine and control the changes in the activities and differentiation potency of MSCs during the ex vivo culture process. Endogenous metabolites of human bone-marrow-derived clonal MSCs (hcMSCs) during cellular senescence were profiled by ultraperformance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/QTOFMS). To select significant metabolites, we used the linear mixed effects model having fixed effects for batch and time (passage) and random effects for metabolites, determining the mean using a t test and the standard deviation using an F test. We used structural analysis with representative standards and spectrum patterns with different collision energies to distinctly identify eight metabolites with altered expression during senescence as types of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) and lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LPE), such as LPC 16:0 and LPE 22:4. The present study revealed changes in endogenous metabolites and mechanisms due to senescence. © 2014 American Chemical Society. Source

Shim G.,Seoul National University | Lee S.,Seoul National University | Han J.,Seoul National University | Kim G.,Seoul National University | And 8 more authors.
Stem Cells and Development

In this study, we report the pharmacokinetics and in vivo fate of intra-articularly transplanted human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in comparison with those of intravenously administered cells. Bone marrow-derived human clonal mesenchymal stem cells (hcMSCs) were transplanted to nude mice through intravenous or intra-articular routes. The numbers of hcMSCs in blood and tissue samples were measured by the quantitative real-time-polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) with human Alu (hAlu) as a detection marker. Following intra-articular transplantation, the blood levels of hcMSCs peaked 8h postdose and gradually diminished, showing a 95-fold higher mean residence time than hcMSCs delivered through the intravenous route. Unlike intravenously administered hcMSCs, intra-articularly injected hcMSCs were mainly retained at injection joint sites where their levels 8h postdose were 116-fold higher than those in muscle tissues. Regardless of injection routes, biodistribution patterns did not significantly differ between normal and osteoarthritis-induced mice. Quantitative analysis using hAlu-specific qPCR revealed that hcMSC levels in joint tissues were significantly higher than those in muscle tissues 120 days postdose. These dramatic differences in kinetic behavior and fate of intra-articularly transplanted hcMSCs compared with intravenously administered hcMSCs may provide insights useful for the development of human MSCs for arthritis therapeutics. © Copyright 2015, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2015. Source

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