Holywood Co.

Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Holywood Co.

Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
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News Article | April 28, 2017
Site: www.prlog.org

New Music and Visuals to Reinforce the Apehouse Mafia Presence -- Apehouse Mafia, now a part of the Penalty Ent & Sony RED family has released the official video to accompany their first single "Blessing" off their debut project "The Dawning". Apehouse Mafia sets its sights on national recognition, something that hasn't been done by a Tulsa music group since the Gap Band. This single and video release solidifies that Apehouse Mafia is well on its way to national super stardom.The video , directed by Jeff Adair, brings life to the smooth lyrics Apehouse Stax and Hollywood P laid down for this record. Mason lends his sultry vocals to the song and kicks it up even more. As the first single, fans can expect quality music and visuals similar to this from Apehouse Mafia. Both artists offer their own perspectives and talent which translates exquisitely in this single.Stax brings raw talent to the table with an effortless ability to put words together in every song he pens while Holywood P attacks every project with passion and authenticity. Together, these two artists have found a perfect blend of talent, grind and passion. If you watch the video and listen closely to the song, you can see each word play off the next. The scene you'll play in your mind will be mirrored on screen.Apehouse Mafia isn't stopping with this single and video release. The duo will give the DJ's of Tulsa Oklahoma an exclusive listen today at the Dj Luncheon, hosted by music executive, Quincy "Big Heff" Taylor. The single release party will be hosted in their hometown of Tulsa on April 29th at the Vault.  The group will kick off the month of May by heading to Dallas and come back through Lawton Oklahoma for the 1 year anniversary of Lawton Radio. Keep your eyes and ears open for more from Apehouse Mafia; they are on the move.Find Apehouse Mafia on Social Media @apehousemusicWatch Video Here:


Gale A.S.,University of Portsmouth | Simms M.J.,Holywood Co. | Kennedy W.J.,University of Oxford
Cretaceous Research | Year: 2017

A re-examination of surviving outcrops of the Cenomanian parts of the Hibernian Greensands Formation of south and east Antrim in Northern Ireland, together with a revision of the limited ammonite faunas, provide a basis for dating and interpreting the sequence. The lower part of the Belfast Marls Member yields an early Cenomanian Mantelliceras dixoni Zone assemblage, whilst other faunal elements suggest the upper part extends into the lower part of the middle Cenomanian. The succeeding Islandmagee Siltstones Member yields the index species of the middle Cenomanian Acanthoceras rhotomagense and A. jukesbrownei zones. The Collinwell Sands Member is in part, or whole, of late Cenomanian age on the basis of the occurrence of the benthic foraminiferan Orbitolina. The erosion surface at the base of the Belfast Marls Member corresponds to the Ce3 maximum flooding surface recognised in the Anglo-Paris Basin; the erosion surface at the base of the Islandmagee Siltstones to the Ce4 maximum flooding surface and the erosion surface at the base of the Collinwell Sands Member to the sub-plenus erosion surface at the base of the late Cenomanian Metoicoceras geslinianum Zone. © 2017.


Hearst M.,Agri Food and Biosciences Institute | Hearst M.,Bt Inc. | Nelson D.,Belfast City Hospital | McCollum G.,Belfast City Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy | Year: 2010

Protein extracts of either native or exotic rare mushroom fungi and plants that are normally known for novel therapeutics including immune modulation were investigated for their potential antimicrobial effects. Data obtained using the Kirby-Bauer's disc-diffusion assay methods showed that a number of locally sourced wild mushroom fungi (e.g. Ganoderma resinaceum, Russula fragilis and Inocybe grammata) had proteins with inherent antimicrobial properties against a number of typical hospital pathogens. The wild type fungus Mycena pura exhibited strong antagonism against Escherichia coli, an organism often commonly associated with nosocomial infections both locally and worldwide. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) of protein extracts revealed unique protein banding patterns for the exotic fungal species and possessed significant inhibitory effects against a range of nosocomial pathogens including MRSA, Salmonella, Candida and Aspergillus species. This small-scale study revealed the occurrence of wild fungal peptides of potential therapeutic significance and antimicrobial potential for exploitation in complementary therapies in clinical and veterinary medicine. © 2010 Academic Journals.


Edwards C.J.,Trinity College Dublin | Edwards C.J.,University of Oxford | Soulsbury C.D.,University of Bristol | Soulsbury C.D.,University of Lincoln | And 11 more authors.
Quaternary Science Reviews | Year: 2012

Quaternary climatic fluctuations have had profound effects on the phylogeographic structure of many species. Classically, species were thought to have become isolated in peninsular refugia, but there is limited evidence that large, non-polar species survived outside traditional refugial areas. We examined the phylogeographic structure of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), a species that shows high ecological adaptability in the western Palaearctic region. We compared mitochondrial DNA sequences (cytochrome b and control region) from 399 modern and 31 ancient individuals from across Europe. Our objective was to test whether red foxes colonised the British Isles from mainland Europe in the late Pleistocene, or whether there is evidence that they persisted in the region through the Last Glacial Maximum.We found red foxes to show a high degree of phylogeographic structuring across Europe and, consistent with palaeontological and ancient DNA evidence, confirmed via phylogenetic indicators that red foxes were persistent in areas outside peninsular refugia during the last ice age. Bayesian analyses and tests of neutrality indicated population expansion. We conclude that there is evidence that red foxes from the British Isles derived from central European populations that became isolated after the closure of the landbridge with Europe. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Regan E.,Trinity College Dublin | Regan E.,Waterford Institute of Technology | Nelson B.,Holywood Co. | McCormack S.,Teagasc | And 2 more authors.
Biology and Environment | Year: 2010

The insects are the most diverse organisms on this planet and play an essential role in ecosystem functioning, yet we know very little about them. In light of the Convention on Biological Diversity, this paper summarises the known insect species numbers for Ireland and questions whether this is a true refl ection of our insect diversity. The total number of known species for Ireland is 11,422. Using species accumulation curves and a comparison with the British fauna, this study shows that the Irish list is incomplete and that the actual species number is much higher. However, even with a reasonable knowledge of the species in Ireland, insects are such speciose, small, and inconspicuous animals that it is diffi cult to assess species loss. It is impossible to know at one point in time the number of insect species in Ireland and, although it is useful to summarise the known number of species, it is essential that biodiversity indicators, such as the Red List Index, are developed. © Royal Irish Academy.


Simms M.J.,Holywood Co. | Farrant A.R.,British Geological Survey
Cave and Karst Science | Year: 2011

The evolution of the Ogof Draenen cave system, in south-east Wales, has been profoundly influenced by the geometry of the karst aquifer and its relationship with changes in the surface topography. Using data from within the cave combined with a model of the aquifer geometry based on outcrop data, we have estimated the location and elevation of putative sinks and risings for the system by extrapolating from surveyed conduits in the cave. These data have enabled us to assess the scale and pattern of scarp retreat and valley incision in the valleys of the Usk, Clydach and Lwyd, that together have influenced the development of the cave. From this we can construct a relative chronology for cave development and landscape evolution in the region. Our data show that scarp retreat rates along the west flank of the Usk valley have varied by more than an order of magnitude, which we interpret as the result of locally enhanced erosion in glacial cirques repeatedly occupied and enlarged during successive glacial cycles. This process would have played a key role in breaching the aquiclude, created by the eastward overstep of the Marros Group elastics onto the Cwmyniscoy Mudstone, and thereby allowed the development of major conduits draining further south. In the tributary valleys incision rates were substantially greater in the Clydach valley than in the Lwyd valley, which we attribute to glacial erosion predominating in the north-east-facing Clydach valley and fluvial erosion being dominant in the south-facing Lwyd valley. There is evidence from within Ogof Draenen for a series of southward-draining conduits graded to a succession of palaeoresurgences, each with a vertical separation of 4-5 m, in the upper reaches of the Lwyd valley. We interpret these conduits as an underground proxy for a fluvial terrace staircase and suggest a direct link with glacial-interglacial cycles of surface aggradation and incision in the Lwyd valley. Fluvial incision rates for broadly analogous settings elsewhere suggest perhaps a million years has elapsed since these resurgences were active and implies a significantly greater age for the oldest conduits in Ogof Draenen. © British Cave Research Association 2011.


Farrant A.R.,British Geological Survey | Simms M.J.,Holywood Co.
Cave and Karst Science | Year: 2011

Discovered in 1994, Ogof Draenen is currently the longest cave in Britain and among the thirty longest caves in the World, with a surveyed length in excess of 70km. Like other great caves, Ogof Draenen has had a complex multiphase history. This interpretation of the genesis of the cave is based on speleo-morphological observations throughout the system. Evidence of at least four phases of cave development can be identified, associated with major shifts in resurgence location and changes in flow direction of up to 180°. Joints have had a dominant influence on passage genesis. In particular joints have facilitated the development of maze networks and remarkably shallow horizontal phreatic conduits. The amplitude of these conduits is much shallower than predicted by models based on flow path length and stratal dip. Here, we suggest that presence of laterally extensive open joints, orientated perpendicular to the regional neo-tectonic principal stress field, determines the depth of flow in the aquifer, rather than fissure frequency per se as suggested in Ford's Four State Model. We argue that the rate of base-level lowering, coupled with the depth of karstification determines whether a cave responds by phreatic capture or vadose incision. Maze cave networks within Ogof Draenen were probably initiated by bedrock-hosted sulphide oxidation and sulphuric acid speleogenesis. © British Cave Research Association 2011.


Farrant A.R.,British Geological Survey | Smith C.J.M.,University of Bristol | Noble S.R.,British Geological Survey | Simms M.J.,Holywood Co. | Richards D.A.,University of Bristol
Journal of Quaternary Science | Year: 2014

The British Isles have been affected by as many as 30 glaciations during the Quaternary. However, the evidence for pre-Devensian glaciations in upland regions is scarce. Understanding the extent and timing of earlier upland glaciations is essential for modelling the long-term evolution and sensitivity of the British Ice Sheet. Caves, being protected from surface erosion and weathering, can preserve evidence of earlier glaciations in the form of speleothem and sediment archives. The ~70-km-long Ogof Draenen cave system in South Wales, UK, contains multiple cave levels related to changes in the surface topography and drainage during the past 0.5 Ma. The cave contains evidence of massive influxes of sediment that were sufficient to choke the cave and alter the underground drainage. Analysis of the cave sediments, passage morphology and geometry suggests the cave once acted as a subterranean glacial spill-way before being overridden by ice. Speleothem U-series data demonstrate that this sediment influx occurred before Marine Isotope State (MIS) 9, probably during the Anglian glaciation (MIS 12). Evidence from Ogof Draenen indicates the impact of subsequent glaciations on the landscape evolution of the region was minimal and that much of the surface topography dates from the Anglian. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Paul C.R.C.,University of Bristol | Simms M.J.,Holywood Co.
Proceedings of the Geologists' Association | Year: 2012

Ammonites with bivalves or worm tubes attached are relatively rare among the abundant specimens in the Lower Jurassic (Sinemurian) mudstones at Bishop's Cleeve, Gloucestershire, UK, but provide evidence for ammonite taphonomy, environmental conditions and biological interactions between ammonites and epifauna. Epifauna attached only to one side or within the body chambers of ammonites usually indicate post-mortem attachment. Epifauna on both sides of, or overgrown by, ammonites attached in vivo. One large example of Oxynoticeras has at least 51 encrusting bivalves attached exclusively to one side indicating it formed a 'benthic island'. Four, presumably annual, bivalve cohorts are recognized, with variation in preferred orientation in each cohort suggesting that current direction varied. Both the ammonite and its epifauna were buried by a single sedimentation event. Other informative examples include a Cheltonia that overgrew an epifaunal bivalve, and an example of Bifericeras which bears two clusters of four worm tubes, one of which apparently attached in vivo, the other post-mortem. Other examples bear too few specimens to be certain of the timing of attachment, but most probably attached post-mortem. © 2011 The Geologists' Association.


RUFFELL A.,Queen's University of Belfast | SIMMS M.J.,Holywood Co. | WIGNALL P.B.,University of Leeds
Geological Magazine | Year: 2015

From 1989 to 1994 a series of papers outlined evidence for a brief episode of climate change from arid to humid, and then back to arid, during the Carnian Stage of the late Triassic Epoch. This time of climate change was compared to marine and terrestrial biotic changes, mainly extinction and then radiation of flora and fauna. Subsequently termed, albeit incorrectly, the Carnian Pluvial Event (CPE) by successive authors, interest in this episode of climatic change has increased steadily, with new evidence being published as well as several challenges to the theory. The exact nature of this humid episode, whether reflecting widespread precipitation or more local effects, as well as its ultimate cause, remains equivocal. Bed-by-bed sampling of the Carnian in the Southern Alps (Dolomites) shows the episode began with a negative carbon isotope excursion that lasted for only part of one ammonoid zone (A. austriacum). However, that the Carnian Humid Episode represents a significantly longer period, both environmentally and biotically, is irrefutable. The evidence is strongest in the European, Middle Eastern, Himalayan, North American and Japanese successions, but not always so clear in South America, Antarctica and Australia. The eruption of the Wrangellia Large Igneous Province and global warming (causing increased evaporation in the Tethyan and Panthalassic oceans) are suggested as causes for the humid episode. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2015

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