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Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski, Poland

Lasota J.,U.S. National Cancer Institute | Wasag B.,Medical University of Gdansk | Wang Z.-F.,U.S. National Cancer Institute | Felisiak-Golabek A.,U.S. National Cancer Institute | And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Surgical Pathology | Year: 2014

Recently BRAF V600E mutant-specific antibody (clone VE1) became available to immunohistochemically pinpoint the occurrence of these BRAF-mutant proteins in different tumors, such as colon carcinoma. Detection of BRAF mutations is important for the accurate application of targeted therapy against BRAF serine-threonine kinase activation. In this study, we evaluated 113 colon carcinomas including 95 primary and 27 metastatic tumors with the VE1 antibody using Leica Bond-Max automated immunohistochemistry. To ensure comprehensive BRAF V600E mutation detection, all cases were evaluated using 4 molecular methods (Sanger sequencing, the Cobas 4800 BRAF V600 Mutation Test, BRAF V600 allele-specific polymerase chain reaction, and BRAF V600 quantitative polymerase chain reaction) with nearly 100% concordance. Molecular and immunohistochemical studies were blinded. Furthermore, all cases were evaluated for KRAS and NRAS mutations as parameters mutually exclusive with BRAF mutations offering parallel evidence for BRAF mutation status. Strong to moderate VE1 positivity was seen in 34 tumors. Twelve colon carcinomas showed weak VE1 immunohistochemical staining, and 67 were entirely negative. An identical c.1799T>A single nucleotide substitution leading to the BRAF V600E mutation was identified in 27 of 113 (24%) colon carcinomas. A majority of BRAF-mutant tumors were located in the right side of the colon and had mismatch-repair deficiency. V600E mutation-negative carcinomas were more often sigmoid tumors and usually showed intact mismatch-repair proteins and KRAS or NRAS mutations. The sensitivity and specificity of positive results (strong to moderate staining) of VE1 immunohistochemistry were 85% and 68%, respectively. If any positivity would be considered, then the specificity declined to 51% with no significant improvement of sensitivity. Therefore, only strong positivity should be considered when using the VE1 antibody and Leica Bond-Max automated immunohistochemistry with these parameters. Although VE1 antibody can be useful in the screening of colon carcinomas for BRAF V600E-mutant proteins, molecular genetic confirmation is always necessary for mutation diagnosis. © 2014 by Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Source

Kepka L.,Oncology and Radiotherapy Institute | Bujko K.,Oncology and Radiotherapy Institute | Orlowski T.M.,Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases | Jagiello R.,Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases | And 4 more authors.
Radiotherapy and Oncology | Year: 2011

Aim: To prospectively assess the cardiopulmonary morbidity and quality of life in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) in comparison to those not receiving PORT. Materials and methods: From 2003 to 2007, 291 patients entered the study; 171 pN2 patients received 3D-planned PORT (PORT group), 120 pN1 patients (non-PORT group) did not. One month after surgery, all patients completed EORTC QLQ C-30 questionnaire and had pulmonary function tests (PFT); cardiopulmonary symptoms were assessed by modified LENT-SOM scale. Two years later, disease-free patients repeated the same examinations. The differences between baseline values and values recorded at two years in QLQ, LENT-SOM and the PFT of the two groups were compared. Results: In the whole cohort, the rate of non-cancer related deaths was 5.3% and 5.0% in PORT and non-PORT group, respectively. Ninety-five patients (47 - PORT group, 48 - non-PORT group) were included into the final analysis. The differences in the QLQ and cardiopulmonary function (LENT/SOM, PFT) between both groups were insignificant. The forced expiratory volume in one second was on average 12.2% and 1.3% better in the PORT and the non-PORT group, respectively, p = 0.2. Conclusions: Our findings support the hypothesis about insignificant morbidity of 3D-planned PORT. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Stelmach-Goldys A.,Holycross Cancer Center | Czarkowska-Paczek B.,Medical University of Warsaw | Wyczalkowska-Tomasik A.,Medical University of Warsaw | Paczek L.,Medical University of Warsaw
European Journal of Haematology | Year: 2015

Objectives: Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) occurs without other symptoms, although monoclonal proteins can cause kidney injuries. Here, we assessed kidney function and identified the best follow-up parameters in patients with MGUS without kidney damage symptoms. Methodology: Forty-six patients with MGUS were included in the study group. The control group (CRT, n = 23) consisted of healthy subjects matched for age and sex. Serum cystatin C was determined using an immunonephelometric method, serum and urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) was measured with an immunoenzymatic method, and cathepsin B activity was determined fluorometrically. Results: Serum cystatin C and urine NGAL were higher, and serum NGAL was lower in MGUS patients compared with CRT. Neither serum cystatin C, nor serum or urine NGAL, correlated with the biomarkers of MGUS. The serum activity of cathepsin B did not differ between groups and did not correlate with serum cystatin C. Serum cystatin C correlated with serum creatinine, while serum NGAL did not correlate with serum creatinine or cystatin C. The estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs) in MGUS were within normal range and correlated with serum cystatin C. The strongest correlation was observed for CKD-EPI. Seven patients presented with albuminuria >30 mg/day. There was a correlation between albuminuria in this group and λ free light chains. Conclusions: The kidney function in MGUS patients is impaired, although there are no clinical and standard laboratory test manifestations. Cystatin C and urine, but not serum, NGAL should be considered markers for kidney injury. CKD-EPI is recommended for eGFR assessment. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Gozdz S.,Holycross Cancer Center
Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny | Year: 2013

Premature mortality in younger age groups influences the society as far as social and economic aspects are concerned. Therefore, it is important to come up with a tool which will allow to assess them, and will enable to implement only these health care measures that bring tangible benefits. That is the reason for introducing PYLL rate (PYLL - potential years of life lost), which is an addition to the analysis of premature mortality as it includes the number of deaths due to a particular cause and the age at death. The purpose of this study was to analyse the level and trends of PYLL rate according to death causes in years 2002 -2010 in Swietokrzyskie Province. The material for the analysis was the information from the Central Statistical Office on the number of deaths due to all causes registered among the inhabitants of Swiytokrzyskie Province in years 2002-2010. Causes of death were coded according to the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases. The analysis of premature mortality was carried out with the use of PYLL rate. PYLL rate was calculated according to the method proposed by Romeder, according to which the premature mortality was defined as death before the age of 70. The analysis of time trends of PYLL rate and the APC (annual percent change) of the PYLL rate were calculated using jointpoint model as well as the Jointpoint Regression Program (Version 4.0.1 - January 2013). In men, in years 2002 - 2007 PYLL rate increased by 1.5% per year (p<0.05). From year 2007 the trend went downward and PYLL rate decreased on average by 3.1% per year till year 2010. External causes of death, cardiovascular diseases and cancers in years 2002 - 2010 were the reason for almost 74.0% PYLL in men. In year 2010 PYLL rate due to all death causes amounted to 8913.8/105 and was three times higher than in women (2975.5/10(5)). In women, however, during the analysed period PYLL rate did not change significantly, and was dominated by cancers, cardiovascular diseases and external death causes. Similarly to men, those three groups of death causes were responsible for an average 76.0% PYLL. The analysis of the causes of premature mortality in Swietokrzyskie Province shows that in the majority of cases it is due to preventable deaths, which calls for the necessity of more intensive measures in primary and secondary prevention as well as the improvement in treatment standards, mainly of cardiovascular diseases, cancers, injuries and accidents. Source

Walczyk A.,Holycross Cancer Center | Kowalska A.,Holycross Cancer Center | Kowalik A.,Holycross Cancer Center | Sygut J.,The Surgical Center | And 5 more authors.
Clinical Endocrinology | Year: 2014

Context An activating mutation in the gene BRAF has been correlated with poorer prognosis and more aggressive clinical course in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). We therefore hypothesized that the good prognosis, high 5-year disease-free rate and high survival rate of patients with less aggressive papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (pT1aNo-x) would be associated with a lower incidence of the BRAFV600E mutation. Objectives To evaluate the frequency of the activating mutation BRAFV600E in low-risk papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (pT1aNo-x at the moment of diagnosis) and the association of the mutation with the clinical outcome in a retrospective analysis. Study Design BRAFV600E was characterized in 113 PTC patients diagnosed with pT1aNo-x (one PTC focus with a diameter <1 cm, without lymph node or distant metastases according to IUCC/AJCC TNM staging system 2010). Genotyping was performed on DNA extracted from thyroid tumour tissue using direct capillary sequencing, and allele-specific amplification PCR was used to resolve equivocal results. Retrospective analysis of the clinical course of PTC was then correlated with BRAF status in the primary tumour tissue. Results The BRAF V600E mutation was detected in 78 of the 113 pT1aNo-x patients (69·0%). We observed no persistence, locoregional recurrence, lymph node or distant metastases or deaths in the study group during the 12-year study (January 2001 to December 2012). Conclusions The presence of the activating BRAFV600E mutation in a significant percentage of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma indicates that further analyses are required to verify its usefulness as a predictor of clinical outcome in PTC. In this study, there was no correlation between BRAF-positive primary focus of papillary microcarcinoma and more aggressive or recurrent disease. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

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