Kanazawa-shi, Japan
Kanazawa-shi, Japan

Hokuriku University is a private university located in Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan. Founded in 1975, the university is locally nicknamed Hokudai, though typically the term is used nationwide to refer to Hokkaido University. It was originally founded as a single-department college with the Faculty of Pharmaceutical science. Later, the Faculty of Foreign Languages and the Faculty of Law were established in 1987 and 1992, respectively. The School of Future Learning was established in 2004, making it the newest faculty in the university.As of the end of March 2005, Hokuriku University owns 4.44% of the outstanding stock in FM Tokyo. Wikipedia.

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Matsui T.,Kurume University | Nishino Y.,Kurume University | Takeuchi M.,Hokuriku University | Yamagishi S.-I.,Kurume University
Pharmacological Research | Year: 2011

Vildagliptin is a stable inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV, a responsible enzyme that mainly inactivates glucagon-like peptide-1, and now one of the widely used agents for the treatment of diabetes. However, effects of vildagliptin on vascular injury in diabetes are largely unknown. Since advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their receptor RAGE axis are reported to contribute to vascular complications in diabetes, we investigated here whether vildagliptin inhibits vascular damage in thoracic aorta of Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats (OLETF rats), an animal model of type 2 diabetes with obesity, by blocking the AGEs-RAGE axis. OLETF and control LETO rats at 22 weeks old were given vehicle or 3 mg/kg of vildagliptin for another 12 weeks. Vildagliptin treatment decreased fasting plasma glucose and heart rate in OLETF rats. Compared with control LETO rats, levels of AGEs, RAGE mRNA and protein, an oxidative stress marker, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine, two membrane components of NADPH oxidase, p22 and gp91phox mRNAs, and phospho-NF-κB p65 in thoracic aorta were significantly enhanced in OLETF rats, all of which were inhibited by the treatment with vildagliptin. Vildagliptin significantly reduced both mRNA and protein levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 in thoracic aorta of OLETF rats. Enhanced expression of transforming growth factor-β in the aorta of diabetic rats was also suppressed by vildagliptin. Our present data suggest that vildagliptin could play a protective role against vascular injury in diabetes partly by attenuating the deleterious effects of AGEs-RAGE-oxidative stress axis. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Sashida H.,Hokuriku University
Yakugaku Zasshi | Year: 2016

The advances in my laboratory for the past 20-25 years concerning the chemistry of chalcogen-containing heterocycles are reviewed. The intramolecular cyclization of the chalcogenols (-TeH, -SeH, -SH) into a triple bond or appropriate leaving group produced various chalcogen-containing heterocycles. The reactions of the obtained products were examined: the reactions of 1-benzo- and 2-benzopyrylium salts containing a tellurium or selenium element with several nucleophiles, including alkoxides, amines, the cyanide ion, an active methyl compound (acetone), Grignard reagents, copper reagents, and tin reagents, along with hydrogenation and hydrolysis reactions, provided corresponding chromes or isochromes having various functional groups at the 2- or 1-C position. Isothiocyanate and isoselenocyanate were used as chalcogen sources for the preparation of five- or six-membered heterocycles. In addition, double intramolecular cyclization, ring-expansion reactions, electrophilic cyclization and iodocyclization were also carried out. © 2016 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the core symptoms such as bradykinesia, resting tremor, rigidity and postural instability. Currently, pharmacotherapy and surgical approaches for the treatments of PD can only improve the neurological symptoms. Therefore, to search neuroprotective therapies using pharmacological and nonpharmacological approaches could be important to delay the progression of pathogenesis in PD. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a component of the electron transport chain as well as an important antioxidant in mitochondrial and lipid membranes. The central role of CoQ10 in two areas implicated in the pathogenesis of PD, mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative damages, suggest that it may be useful for treatment to slow the progression of PD. The neuroprotective effect of CoQ10 has been reported in several in vivo and in vitro models of neurodegenerative disorders. Although CoQ10 attenuated the toxin-induced reduction of dopamine content and tyrosine hydroxylase-im-munoreactive neurons in the striatum of the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model, it is still unknown how this nutrition affects the mitochondrial function. We demonstrated that oral administration of CoQ10 significantly attenuated the loss of dopaminergic nerve terminals induced by MPTP treatment. Furthermore, our experimental data indicate that an inhibition of mitochondrial cytochrome c release is one of the primary targets for CoQ10 and may lead to a potent neuroprotection. © 2013 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.

Ikeda-Matsuo Y.,Hokuriku University
Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin | Year: 2017

Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) has been thought to be an important mediator of inflammation in peripheral tissues, but recent studies clearly show the involvement of PGE2 in inflammatory brain diseases. In some animal models of brain disease, the genetic disruption and chemical inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 resulted in the reduction of PGE2 and amelioration of symptoms, and it had been thought that PGE2 produced by COX-2 may be involved in the progression of injuries. However, COX-2 produces not only PGE2, but also some other prostanoids, and thus the protective effects of COX-2 inhibition, as well as severe side effects, may be caused by the inhibition of prostanoids other than PGE2. Therefore, to elucidate the role of PGE2, studies of microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1), an inducible terminal enzyme for PGE2 synthesis, have recently been an active area of research. Studies from mPGES-1 deficient mice provide compelling evidence for its role in a variety of inflammatory brain diseases, such as ischemic stroke, Alzheimer's disease and epilepsy, and clues for developing new therapeutic treatments for brain diseases by targeting mPGES-1. Considering that COX inhibitors may non-selectively suppress the production of many types of prostanoids that are essential for normal physiological functioning of the brain and peripheral tissues, as well as induce gastro-intestinal, renal and cardiovascular complications, mPGES-1 inhibitors are expected to be injury-selective and have fewer side-effects when treating human brain diseases. Thus, this paper focuses on recent studies that have demonstrated the involvement of mPGES-1 in pathological brain diseases. © 2017 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.

Shinkai Y.,Hokuriku University | Yamamoto C.,Hokuriku University | Kaji T.,Hokuriku University
Toxicological Sciences | Year: 2010

Lead, a ubiquitous heavy metal, is an important industrial and environmental pollutant that can target the vascular endothelium. To clarify the effects of lead on the unfolded protein response (UPR) and their significance in cytotoxicity, we examined the expression and function of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperones glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) and glucose-regulated protein 94 (GRP94) in vascular endothelial cells. We used bovine aortic endothelial cells as an in vitro model of the vascular endothelium. Exposure of vascular endothelial cells to lead nitrate resulted in a marked induction of GRP78 and GRP94 messenger RNA levels. In response to lead, the expression of GRP78 and GRP94 proteins also significantly increased in a dose-and time-dependent manner. In addition, small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of GRP78 significantly enhanced lead-induced cytotoxicity. Compared with other metal(loid)s, including cadmium chloride, zinc sulfate, copper sulfate, and sodium arsenite, lead nitrate was found to be the most potent metal to induce these chaperones in endothelial cells. In the examined UPR pathways, lead increased the phosphorylation of inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) and c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). Interestingly, the lead-induced upregulation of GRP78 and GRP94 was almost completely blocked by the JNK inhibitor SP600125 or activator protein-1 (AP-1) inhibitor curcumin. Taken together, these results suggest that lead induces ER stress, but the induction of GRP78 and GRP94 expression via the JNK-AP-1 pathway functions as a defense mechanism against lead-induced cytotoxicity in vascular endothelial cells. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Toxicology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org.

University of Fukui, Hokuriku University and Taiyo Nippon Sanso | Date: 2015-02-18

The present invention provides a compound represented by the formula (I):

University of Fukui, Hokuriku University and Taiyo Nippon Sanso | Date: 2013-03-28

The present invention provides a compound represented by the formula (I): or a salt thereof; and a method of quantitatively analyzing an amino group-containing target substance, including labeling a target substance in samples by using, as a labeling compound, two or more of such compounds having a mutually different mass due to isotope labeling, to confer a mass difference to the target substance between two or more samples, and the like.

Silver triflate promotes the 6-exo-dig mode cyclization of the N-(2-ethynylphenyl)thioureas, which were easily obtained from the o-ethynylphenyl isothiocyanates and the primary amines, to provide the 2-imino-4-methylidene-1H-benzo[d][1,3]thiazines as the sole product in excellent yields. The secondary amines reacted with the o-ethynylphenyl isothiocyanates to give both the 6-exo and 5-endo-dig mode cyclization products under the same conditions. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

The preparation of the five- to nine-membered selenium-containing heterocycles using the intramolecular cyclization of selenols and relative compounds is mainly described in this review based on recent advances in our findings. Some reactions and chemical properties of the obtained products are also described. © 2011 The Japan Institute of Heterocyclic Chemistry.

Yazawa K.,Hokuriku University
Antiviral chemistry & chemotherapy | Year: 2011

We examined the anti-influenza virus activity of tricin, 4',5,7-trihydroxy-3',5'-dimethoxyflavone, against five viruses: A/Solomon islands/3/2006 (H1N1), A/Hiroshima/52/2005 (H3N2), A/California/07/2009 (H1N1pdm), A/Narita/1/2009 (H1N1pdm) and B/Malaysia/2506/2004 strains in vitro and against A/PR/8/34 virus in vivo. The effect of tricin was studied by an infectious virus yield reduction assay. The anti-influenza virus mechanism of the tricin was examined by western blot analysis, real-time reverse transcriptase PCR analysis, haemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay and neuraminidase (NA) inhibition assay. The anti-influenza virus efficacy of tricin was further examined in a murine influenza virus infection model. Tricin of 3.3 to 30 μM significantly reduced seasonal A (H1N1), (H3N2) viruses, novel A (H1N1pdm) virus, as well as B virus in a dose-dependent manner. The 50% effective concentrations of tricin were 3.4 μM for seasonal A (H3N2) virus, 4.9 μM for B virus and 8.2 μM for A/Narita (H1N1pdm) virus. Tricin decreased the expression of haemagglutinin (HA) protein and matrix (M) protein, and messenger RNA expression of HA and M of influenza virus in the infected cells. Tricin exhibited little or no effects on influenza virus HI and NA activities. In the mouse infection model, tricin was significantly effective in reducing body weight loss, and also effective in prolonging survival times of infected mice. Tricin was indicated to possess anti-influenza virus activity and to ameliorate body weight loss and survival rate of influenza-A-virus-infected mice. Tricin is a novel compound with potential anti-influenza virus activity in vitro and in vivo.

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