Hokkaido Bunkyo University is a private university in Hokkaido, Japan, established in 1999. It has campuses in Eniwa and Sapporo. Its junior college division is coeducational. The predecessor of the school, a women's school, was founded in 1942. Wikipedia.
PubMed | Morinomiya University of Medical Sciences, Health Science University, Hokkaido Bunkyo University, Kanazawa Gakuin University and Japan Health Care College
Type: | Journal: Journal of physiological anthropology | Year: 2016
In this study, a cast brace was used to immobilize the knee, hip, and trunk, and relations between the event-related brain potential (ERP) and postural muscle activity were investigated while standing on an oscillating table.Twelve healthy young adults maintained a standing posture for 1 min per trial while oscillating in the anteroposterior direction at 0.5 Hz with a 2.5-cm amplitude. Trials were performed without and with the cast brace (no-fixation and fixation condition, respectively) until the subject had adapted to the floor oscillation. The ERP from the Cz electrode, postural muscle activity, and joint movement range were analyzed for the first and last two trials (before and after adaptation, respectively).Movement range of the hip and knee was lower in the fixation condition than in the no-fixation condition, and postural control was achieved by pivoting at the ankle. Peak muscle activity was largest in the gastrocnemius (GcM) in both conditions. GcM activity significantly increased after fixation and then decreased with adaptation. The time of peak erector spinae (ES) activity in the fixation condition was significantly earlier than in the no-fixation condition and was not significantly different from the time of the anterior reversal and peak of triceps surae activity. The negative ERP peaked approximately 80 ms after the anterior reversal. Significant correlations between the time of the peak negative ERP and the peak GcM, soleus, and ES activity were observed only after the adaptation, and were greater in the fixation condition (r=0.83, 0.84, and 0.83, respectively) than in the no-fixation condition (r=0.62, 0.73, and 0.51, respectively).All joints of the leg and trunk except for the ankle were rigidly fixed by the cast brace, and the phase differences between body segments were very small in the fixation condition. High correlations between the time of the peak negative ERP and the peak GcM, soleus, and ES activity after adaptation in the fixation condition suggest that attention would be more focused on anticipatory processing of muscle sensory information from the triceps surae and/or ES, particularly GcM, which had the greatest activation.
Nakamura R.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences |
Adachi R.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences |
Itagaki Y.,Hokkaido Bunkyo University |
Fukutomi Y.,Sagamihara National Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology | Year: 2013
Background: We performed an in vitro elicitation test to determine the ability of different types of wheat-allergic patients' IgE to induce humanized mast cell activation after the addition of various time-treated acid-hydrolyzed wheat proteins (HWPs). Methods: The reactivity of heat- and various time-treated acid-hydrolyzed glutens (acid-HGs) and commercial acid-HWP (HWP1), using serum IgE from wheat allergy accompanied by skin and rhinoconjunctival sensitization to HWP1 in the facial soap, pediatric subjects with food allergy to native wheat, adult wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis subjects, and nonatopic healthy subjects, was elucidated by dot blot and a luciferase assay-based in vitro elicitation test (EXiLE test). Results: Serum from subjects sensitized with HWP1 reacted only to acid-HGs (acid-HGs treated for 0.5-3 or 6 h), but not native gluten, in the results of the dot blot. In contrast, sera from pediatric subjects sensitized with native wheat reacted to native gluten more strongly and showed only slight reactions to 0.5- to 1-hour-treated acid-HGs. The results of the in vitro elicitation test showed that acid hydrolyzation of the gluten attenuated antigen-induced luciferase expression in a time-dependent manner for sera from native-wheat-sensitized pediatric subjects. On the other hand, in the sera from HWP1-sensitized subjects, acid hydrolyzation of the gluten for 0.5 h dramatically increased luciferase expression. Conclusions: Even after prolonged hydrolyzation, acid-HGs still retained the ability to activate mast cells in the case of HWP1-sensitized subjects. © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Kakizaki I.,Hirosaki University |
Tatara Y.,Hirosaki University |
Majima M.,Hokkaido Bunkyo University |
Kato Y.,Hirosaki University |
Endo M.,Hirosaki University
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics | Year: 2011
There has been no structural information about the core protein of salmon nasal cartilage proteoglycan although its physiological activities have been investigated. Internal amino acid sequencing using nano-LC/MS/MS revealed that the salmon proteoglycan was aggrecan. Primer walk sequencing based on the amino acid information determined that the salmon aggrecan cDNA is comprised of 4207 bp nucleotides predicted to encode 1324 amino acids with a molecular mass of 143,276. It exhibited significant similarities to predicted pufferfish aggrecan, zebrafish similar to aggrecan, zebrafish aggrecan, bovine aggrecan and human aggrecan isoform 2 precursor; whose amino acid identities were 56%, 55%, 49%, 31% and 30%, respectively. Salmon cartilage aggrecan had globular domains G1, G2 and G3 as in mammalian aggrecans. Neither the putative keratan sulfate attachment domain enriched with serine, glutamic acid and proline, nor the putative chondroitin sulfate attachment domain with repeating amino acid sequence containing serine-glycine, found in mammalian aggrecans were observed in salmon, however, random serine-glycine (or glycine-serine) sequences predicted to the sugar chain attachment sites were observed. Based on cDNA analysis and amino acid analysis after β-elimination, the ratio of serine attached to sugar chains was calculated to be approximately 37.7% of total serine, that is, 46 of 123 serine residues. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
PubMed | Tenshi College, Nakagaki Consulting Engineer and Co., Osaka Prefecture University, Hokkaido Bunkyo University and Hokkaido University
Type: | Journal: The Journal of nutritional biochemistry | Year: 2016
Aronia berries have many potential effects on health. Previous human studies have shown that aronia juice may be useful for treatment of obesity disorders. Recently, we have reported that aronia juice has an inhibitory effect on dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP IV) activity and that the DPP IV inhibitor in aronia juice was identified as cyanidin 3,5-diglucoside. In this study, we found that body weights and blood glucose levels were reduced in diabetes model KK-Ay mice given aronia juice. We also found that weights of white adipose tissues were reduced in KK-Ay mice given aronia juice. Furthermore, levels of DPP IV activity in the serum and liver from KK-Ay mice were lower than those in the serum and liver from C57BL/6JmsSlc mice. Interestingly, although levels of DPP IV activity were not changed in the serum and liver from aronia-juice-administered KK-Ay mice, levels of DPP IV activity were increased in those from aronia-juice-administered C57BL/6JmsSlc mice. Furthermore, -glucosidase activity was inhibited in the upper region of the small intestine from aronia-juice-administered KK-Ay mice but not in the lower region. Inhibition of -glucosidase activity in the upper portion of the small intestine induced a reduction of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) level. The results suggest that DPP IV activity in diabetic mice is inhibited by aronia juice, that the GIP level in the upper region of the small intestine is reduced by inhibition of -glucosidase activity and that weights of adipose tissues are reduced by aronia juice.
Kohei Y.,Sapporo Medical University |
Kohei Y.,Hokkaido Bunkyo University |
Sumi A.,Sapporo Medical University |
Kobayashi N.,Sapporo Medical University
Epidemiology and Infection | Year: 2016
We investigated the seasonality of age-specific tuberculosis (TB) in Japan. To allow the development of TB control strategies for different age groups we used a time-series analysis, including a spectral analysis and least squares method, to analyse the monthly age-specific numbers of newly registered cases of all forms of active TB in Japan from January 1998 to December 2013. The time-series data are reported in 10-year age groups: 0-9, 10-19, ... , 70-79, and ≥80 years. We defined the contribution ratio of the 1-year cycle, Q 1, as the contribution of the amplitude of a 1-year cycle to the whole amplitude of the time-series data. The Q 1 values in the age groups corresponding to adolescence and middle life (10-39 years) and old age (≥70 years) were high. The peaks in the active TB epidemics for the ≥70 years age group occurred in August and September, 1-2 months behind the peaks for the 10-39 years age group (June and July). An active TB epidemic might be attributable to travel by public transport and irregular employment in the 10-39 years age group and immune system suppression by low winter temperatures in the ≥70 years age group. © Cambridge University Press 2016.
PubMed | Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences, Hokkaido Bunkyo University, Sapporo Medical University and Senri Rehabilitation Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of physical therapy science | Year: 2016
[Purpose] This study aimed to determine the reliability and validity of our standing balance assessment index using a hand-held dynamometer (the hand-held dynamometer assessment index) in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The participants were 60 stroke patients with impaired standing balance. Intrarater and interrater reliabilities were evaluated employing the intraclass correlation coefficient. Criterion-related validity was evaluated by Spearmans rank correlation coefficient between the HHD assessment index and the functional balance scale. [Results] The intraclass correlation coefficient values obtained ranged from 0.91 to 0.98, and the correlation coefficient with the FBS was 0.83. [Conclusion] Our findings confirmed the reliability and validity of the hand-held dynamometer assessment index in stroke patients.
Fujiwara K.,Kanazawa University |
Yaguchi C.,Hokkaido Bunkyo University
Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology | Year: 2013
In bilateral shoulder flexion with the arms moving from the sides of the body to the horizontal level while standing, no preceding activation of the triceps surae (TS) with respect to focal muscles has been found. Considering that preceding activation would offer a useful indicator of anticipatory postural control, it was attempted to induce preceding activation by limiting the anterior displacement range of the center of foot pressure in the anteroposterior direction (CoPap). Subjects were 13 healthy young adults. The 50% anterior range of CoPap displacement caused by shoulder flexion was calculated, and the floor inclined by the subject's weight when CoPap extended beyond that range. Subjects were instructed not to incline the floor during shoulder flexion. Under the limitation condition, the ankle and knee joints plantarflexed and extended at 1.1°, respectively, with no hip movement; that is, the whole body inclined backward by pivoting at the ankle. This limitation resulted in preceding muscle activation of TS as well as erector spinae and biceps femoris, and no significant differences in onset time were seen between these muscles. These results demonstrated that by limiting CoPap anterior displacement, preceding activation of TS could be induced with backward inclination of the whole body. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Yaguchi C.,Hokkaido Bunkyo University |
Yaguchi C.,Kanazawa University |
Fujiwara K.,Kanazawa University
Clinical Neurophysiology | Year: 2012
Objective: We investigated effects of attentional dispersion on sensory-motor processing of anticipatory postural control during unilateral arm abduction. Methods: Thirteen adults performed arm abduction under two types of attentional dispersion conditions. A target stimulus was presented with 30% probability in two- or three-positions. By cue signal presentation, subjects either focused their attention on one position or divided attention for two or three positions and abducted right arm for target stimulus. Event-related potentials and onset time of postural muscles were measured. Results: P1-N1 and N2 amplitudes decreased with attentional dispersion in both conditions, but P3 did not change. With attentional dispersion to three-positions, N2 latency increased and start of late CNV was delayed, and also the onset time of gluteus medius was late in correlation to the late CNV changings, with no changings in two-positions. Conclusions: With attentional dispersion, brain activation decreased in the area related to the sensory processing and especially in the stimulus discrimination area. With increasing attentional dispersion, the delay in motor preparation or anticipatory attention to target stimuli was related to the delay in stimulus discrimination and onset time of postural muscle activation. Significance: Effects of attentional dispersion on sensory-motor processing of anticipatory postural control were experimentally demonstrated. © 2011 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology.
Yoshida K.,Hokkaido University |
Yoshida K.,Hokkaido Bunkyo University |
Sawamura D.,Health Sciences University of Hokkaido |
Inagaki Y.,Hokkaido University |
And 3 more authors.
Neuroscience Letters | Year: 2014
Flow is the holistic experience felt when an individual acts with total involvement. Although flow is likely associated with many functions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), such as attention, emotion, and reward processing, no study has directly investigated the activity of the PFC during flow. The objective of this study was to examine activity in the PFC during the flow state using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Twenty right-handed university students performed a video game task under conditions designed to induce psychological states of flow and boredom. During each task and when completing the flow state scale for occupational tasks, change in oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) concentration in frontal brain regions was measured using fNIRS. During the flow condition, oxy-Hb concentration was significantly increased in the right and left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex. Oxy-Hb concentration tended to decrease in the boredom condition. There was a significant increase in oxy-Hb concentration in the right and left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, right and left frontal pole areas, and left ventrolateral PFC when participants were completing the flow state scale after performing the task in the flow condition. In conclusion, flow is associated with activity of the PFC, and may therefore be associated with functions such as cognition, emotion, maintenance of internal goals, and reward processing. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Mineo H.,Hokkaido Bunkyo University |
Amita N.,Hokkaido Bunkyo University |
Kawawake M.,Hokkaido Bunkyo University |
Higuchi A.,Hokkaido Bunkyo University
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes | Year: 2013
We examined the effect of dicarboxylic acids having 0 to 6 hydrocarbons and their corresponding monocarboxylic or tricarboxylic acids in changing the osmotic fragility (OF) in rat red blood cells (RBCs). Malonic, succinic, glutaric and adipic acids, which are dicarboxylic acids with 1, 2, 3 and 4 straight hydrocarbons located between two carboxylic groups, decreased the OF in a concentration-dependent manner. Other long-chain dicarboxylic acids did not change the OF in rat RBCs. The benzoic acid derivatives, isophthalic and terephthalic acids, but not phthalic acid, decreased the OF in a concentration-dependent manner. Benzene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid, but not benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid, also decreased the OF in rat RBCs. On the other hand, monocarboxylic acids possessing 2 to 7 straight hydrocarbons and benzoic acid increased the OF in rat RBCs. In short-chain dicarboxylic acids, a limited number of hydrocarbons between the two carboxylic groups are thought to form a V- or U-shaped structure and interact with phospholipids in the RBC membrane. In benzene dicarboxylic and tricarboxylic acids, a part of benzene nucleus between the two carboxylic groups is thought to enter the plasma membrane and act on acyl-chain in phospholipids in the RBC membrane. For dicarboxylic and tricarboxylic acids, limited numbers of hydrocarbons in molecules are speculated to enter the RBC membrane with the hydrophilic carboxylic groups remaining outside, stabilizing the structure of the cell membrane and resulting in an increase in osmotic resistance in rat RBCs. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.