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Elgg / Städtchen und Umgebung, Switzerland

Winckler L.,Landwirtschaftliches Institute des Kantons Freiburg Grangeneuve LIG | Cutullic E.,Hochschule fur Agrar | Aeby P.,Landwirtschaftliches Institute des Kantons Freiburg Grangeneuve LIG
Agrarforschung Schweiz | Year: 2012

Milk output per hectare of forage surface area is a means of measuring the efficiency of dairy production. The aim of this study is to identify which factors are decisive in the variation of surface-area productivity practised in the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland. The analysis is based on a survey of 266 dairy farms which was conducted during the period 2002-2009. Altitude is, as expected, a significant structural factor, constraining milk output per hectare because of lower grassland yield and quality. Lowland farms which use maize silage and moderate amounts of concentrate are, on average, more efficient. Some of the grass-based farms achieve similar levels of efficiency, but many still have room for improvement. Although high efficiency is attainable with individually-medium-yielding cows, a positive correlation was observed between milk output per hectare and cows' forage-based milk yield. In conclusion, it appears that irrespective of local pedoclimatic factors and type of system, surface-area productivity is highly dependent on farmers' ability to optimise their own production system. Source

Schlegel P.,Forschungsanstalt Agroscope Liebefeld Posieux ALP Haras | Menzi H.,Hochschule fur Agrar
Agrarforschung Schweiz | Year: 2013

Breeding and excretions of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium The aim of this study was to evaluate, by means of a survey, the forage intake and nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) excretions in breeding and fattening rabbit farms. The does produced an average of 6,4 litters a year and kittens were weaned between 24 and 35 days. In the fattening units, 5,2 stock rotations were accomplished a year and a final weight of 2,9 kg was reached with an average gain of 42 g/d and a feed conversion ratio 4,17. Based on fresh matter, the N, P and K contents of rabbits were respectively 30,4, 6,5 and 3,1 g/kg. The dietary contents ranged between 21,4 and 23,8 g N, 5,0 and 6,0 g P and between 13,5 and 14,9 g K depending on the animal category. Forage intake represented 20, 15 and 9% of total intake by does, young breeding stock and fattening rabbits respectively. The annual excretion of N and P was lower than the currently used standards in rabbit breeding but higher in rabbit fattening. The annual K excretion was considerably higher than currently believed in cuniculture. Source

Zabel A.,Forschungsgruppe Fur Internationale Waldwirtschaft und Klimawandel | Dittgen A.,Hochschule fur Agrar
Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Forstwesen | Year: 2014

In Switzerland, private forest ownership was traditionally closely tied to agricultural farms. With the ongoing structural change in the agricultural sector, there is a growing number of private forest owners who do not have an agricultural background. In order to design policy measures, e.g. to increase wood harvest in private forests, it is necessary to understand the aims and motivations of these owners. This paper investigates to what extent private forest owners without an agricultural background differ from those with such a background. The analysis builds on empirical data collected in a representative, mail survey among private forest owners in the canton of Bern. Contrary to a wide-spread assertion that forest owners without an agricultural background have little forest-specific knowledge and lack interest in their forests, this study finds that they are often interested and estimate to have a high degree of knowledge. In accordance with studies conducted in Austria and Germany the results show that to forest owners without an agricultural background generating income from their forests is often a secondary goal. Leisure and recreation are often given higher priority. Source

In the project Opti-Milk (2000–2004), the technical feasibility of the high output strategy for dairy farms on the Swiss Plateau was shown. The good economic prospects of the strategy based on budgets and predicted costs during the project could be verified with an analysis of the total costs on dairy farms from 1999 to 2011. The strategy resulted in a significant reduction in production costs per kg of milk through increasing the amount of milk and thus significantly improving labor productivity. Economies of scale also have led to a reduction in overhead costs per kg of milk. At the end of the observation period, three out of seven high-output farms had earned an income well above the Swiss average. This strategy can be economically attractive in the lowland area of Switzerland, although the heads of farms will face significant challenges, which are presented in this paper. © 2015, A M T R A - Association pour la Mise en Valeur des Travaux de la Recherche Agronomique. All rights reserved. Source

Pfannkuch M.,Hochschule fur Agrar | Zabel A.,Hochschule fur Agrar
Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Forstwesen | Year: 2014

In 2012, almost 96% of all Swiss wood exports were delivered into the European Union (EU). Since March 3rd, 2013, these exports are subject to the EU Timber Regulation (EUTR). Besides the Voluntary Partnership Agreements, this regulation constitutes the second policy package under the EU Forest Law Enforcement, Gover nance and Trade Action Plan (EU-FLEGT). The first part of this paper discusses the aims of the new timber regulation as a measure to combat illegal logging and illegal timber trade. The second part builds on expert interviews that were conducted with representatives of the industry, ministries, inter-trade organizations, as well as a politician and summarizes first experiences since the implementation of the policy as well as expected implications for the Swiss timber export sector. Moreover, four possible courses of action for Switzerland that were raised in the expert interviews are discussed: 1) integrating the EU Timber Regulation into the regulation on the declaration of wood and wood products, 2) creating a Swiss Timber Regulation in the course of the revision of the environmental protection law, 3) proactively providing information while avoiding a change of laws, and 4) a government guarantee for Swiss wood. Source

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