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Viradiya K.,Hm Patel Center for medical Care and education | Mishra A.,Hm Patel Center for medical Care and education
Journal of Association of Physicians of India | Year: 2011

Imidacloprid is newer systemic insecticide, a nicotine analogue, acts on the nervous system. Patient can present with variable manifestations like irritability, labored breathing, emaciation, twitching and delirium. Here we report a case presented with sever neuropsychiatric symptoms with respiratory failure following self ingestion of poison. Patient recovered with supportive and symptomatic treatment.


Vaishnav S.B.,Hm Patel Center For Medical Care And Education | Vaishnav B.,Hm Patel Center For Medical Care And Education | Desai K.N.,Hm Patel Center For Medical Care And Education | Raithatha N.S.,Hm Patel Center For Medical Care And Education | Bose N.S.,Hm Patel Center For Medical Care And Education
National Medical Journal of India | Year: 2016

Background. There is a dearth of studies on the clinical profile and therapeutic aspects of critically ill obstetric patients from rural areas, especially those requiring tertiary care support and ventilator therapy. Methods. We retrospectively analysed the aetiological, clinical, interventional and outcome-related factors of obstetric patients requiring mechanical ventilation in western India. We analysed factors that influence seeking of antenatal care, pregnancy and its complications, severity assessment score, indications and initiation of mechanical ventilation, multiorgan failure and their correlation with maternal mortality. Results. Of the 6708 obstetric admissions studied, 1112 were of critically ill (16.5%) patients and 200 (17%) of these required mechanical ventilation. Over three-fourths (77%) of patients were from rural areas, 83.5% were referred and 97% had inadequate antenatal care. Severe pregnancy-induced hypertension/eclampsia, massive haemorrhage and sepsis were the common obstetric complications. Pulmonary oedema (32.5%), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS, 14%) and acute lung injury (22.5%) were the three most common indications for mechanical ventilation. In 26% of patients, mechanical ventilation was initiated early based on a worsening cardiorespiratory profile. A sequential organ failure assessment score of >5 on admission and delay in treatment resulted in multi-organ failure and worsening outcome. The maternal mortality ratio was 32.5%, incidence of multi-organ dysfunction syndrome was 71%, and pregnancy loss was 43.5%. The odds ratio for maternal mortality in patients ventilated early was 0.39 as against 5 in those with ARDS. Conclusions. Inadequate antenatal care, delayed referral practices, pregnancy-induced hypertension, obstetric haemorrhage and sepsis remain the major causes of complications in obstetric patients from rural areas. The common indications for mechanical ventilation were pulmonary oedema, ARDS and acute lung injury. Early initiation of mechanical ventilation upon detection of imminent cardiorespiratory collapse was associated with reduced mortality. © The National Medical Journal of India 2016.


PubMed | Hm Patel Center For Medical Care And Education
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The National medical journal of India | Year: 2016

There is a dearth of studies on the clinical profile and therapeutic aspects of critically ill obstetric patients from rural areas, especially those requiring tertiary care support and ventilator therapy.We retrospectively analysed the aetiological, clinical, interventional and outcome-related factors of obstetric patients requiring mechanical ventilation in western India. We analysed factors that influence seeking of antenatal care, pregnancy and its complications, severity assessment score, indications and initiation of mechanical ventilation, multiorgan failure and their correlation with maternal mortality.Of the 6708 obstetric admissions studied, 1112 were of critically ill (16.5%) patients and 200 (17%) of these required mechanical ventilation. Over three-fourths (77%) of patients were from rural areas, 83.5% were referred and 97% had inadequate antenatal care. Severe pregnancy-induced hypertension/eclampsia, massive haemorrhage and sepsis were the common obstetric complications. Pulmonary oedema (32.5%), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS, 14%) and acute lung injury (22.5%) were the three most common indications for mechanical ventilation. In 26% of patients, mechanical ventilation was initiated early based on a worsening cardiorespiratory profile. A sequential organ failure assessment score of >5 on admission and delay in treatment resulted in multi-organ failure and worsening outcome. The maternal mortality ratio was 32.5%, incidence of multi-organ dysfunction syndrome was 71%, and pregnancy loss was 43.5%. The odds ratio for maternal mortality in patients ventilated early was 0.39 as against 5 in those with ARDS.Inadequate antenatal care, delayed referral practices, pregnancy-induced hypertension, obstetric haemorrhage and sepsis remain the major causes of complications in obstetric patients from rural areas. The common indications for mechanical ventilation were pulmonary oedema, ARDS and acute lung injury. Early initiation of mechanical ventilation upon detection of imminent.


Marwah S.A.,Hm Patel Center For Medical Care And Education | Shah H.,Hm Patel Center For Medical Care And Education | Chauhan K.,Hm Patel Center For Medical Care And Education | Trivedi A.,Hm Patel Center For Medical Care And Education | Haridas N.,Hm Patel Center For Medical Care And Education
Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry | Year: 2014

Currently employed markers for the detection of acute coronary syndrome are Troponin T, CK (Creatine Kinase) and CKMB activity. CKMB activity measured by immunoinhibition method can give falsely elevated results due to the presence of atypical CK and CKBB and at times lead to the mis-diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. Hence, CKMB mass (CKMB) measured by electrochemiluminence sandwich principle was employed. In this cross-sectional study 183 samples of 61 patients were analyzed within 6 h of diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome and followed up to 72 h. The correlation coefficient between CKMB activity and CKMBM at 4-6 h was 0.744, while at 12-24 h it was 0.909 and at 48-72 h it was 0.337. Thus there was good association between the two methods at 12-24 h but, statistically for method comparison studies and for replacing one method by another, the two methods need to be in agreement with one another. In this study the two methods are not in agreement with one another and thus analytically not replaceable. Another finding was obtained that CKMBM reached cut off levels prior to CKMB enzyme activity and hence, CKMBM is clinically better than CKMB activity to detect reinfarction. © 2013 Association of Clinical Biochemists of India.


PubMed | Hm Patel Center For Medical Care And Education
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of clinical biochemistry : IJCB | Year: 2014

Currently employed markers for the detection of acute coronary syndrome are Troponin T, CK (Creatine Kinase) and CKMB activity. CKMB activity measured by immunoinhibition method can give falsely elevated results due to the presence of atypical CK and CKBB and at times lead to the mis-diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. Hence, CKMB mass (CKMB) measured by electrochemiluminence sandwich principle was employed. In this cross-sectional study 183 samples of 61 patients were analyzed within 6h of diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome and followed up to 72h. The correlation coefficient between CKMB activity and CKMBM at 4-6h was 0.744, while at 12-24h it was 0.909 and at 48-72h it was 0.337. Thus there was good association between the two methods at 12-24h but, statistically for method comparison studies and for replacing one method by another, the two methods need to be in agreement with one another. In this study the two methods are not in agreement with one another and thus analytically not replaceable. Another finding was obtained that CKMBM reached cut off levels prior to CKMB enzyme activity and hence, CKMBM is clinically better than CKMB activity to detect reinfarction.

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