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Liang J.-Z.,South China University of Technology | Ruan J.-Q.,South China University of Technology | Li B.,HKUST Fok Ying Tung Graduate School
Journal of Polymer Engineering | Year: 2014

The effects of the filler content and its surface treatment on the tensile and flow properties of the polypropylene (PP) composites filled with wollastonite (CaSiO3) were investigated. The results showed that the introduction of the filler could reinforce the PP resin, while the influence of the filler surface treatment on the tensile and flow property was insignificant. The melt volume flow rate (MVR) of the composites decreased nonlinearly, while the Young's modulus increased nonlinearly with increasing filler weight fraction (ℓw); the tensile strength and tensile fracture strength increased significantly when ℓw was < 10% and then decreased slightly with increasing ℓw. The elongation at break decreased significantly when ℓw was < 10% and then decreased slightly with the increase of ℓw. Moreover, the Young's modulus was estimated using the equation published earlier, and a good agreement was shown between the predicted data and the measured data. Source


Xu X.-T.,HKUST Fok Ying Tung Graduate School | Liang K.-Y.,University of Maine, France | Zeng J.-Y.,South China University of Technology
Analyst | Year: 2014

A portable and sensitive quantitative DNA detection method using personal glucose meters (PGMs) and Exonuclease III-assisted signal amplification was developed. In the presence of target DNA, a target recycling process that can release target and linker DNA was obtained. The released linker DNA was used to link capture DNA on magnetic beads and the DNA invertase. After the washing away of unbound target DNA and subsequent DNA-invertase conjugation, the bound DNA-invertase can be used to catalyze the hydrolysis of sucrose into glucose with millions of turnovers, which transforms the concentration of target DNA into the level of glucose monitored by PGMs. There was a linear relationship between the signal of PGM and the concentration of target DNA in the range of 0.5 pM to 100 pM. A correlation coefficient of 0.989 was obtained, and the relative standard deviation (RSD) was 4.1% for a concentration of 50 pM target DNA (n = 9). In addition, the method exhibits excellent sequence selectivity, being able to differentiate a single mismatch in the target DNA. What is more, there was almost no effect from biological complexes on detection performance, which suggests our method can be successfully applied to DNA detection in real biological samples. © the Partner Organisations 2014. Source


Zhu Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhu Y.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Scalable Computing and Systems | Chen C.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Gao M.,HKUST Fok Ying Tung Graduate School
Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking | Year: 2013

Vehicular networks have attracted increasing attention from both the academy and industry. Applications of vehicular networks require efficient data communications between vehicles, whose performance is concerned with delivery ratio, delivery delay, and routing cost. The most previous work of routing in vehicular networks assumes oversimplified node mobility when evaluating the performance of vehicular networks, e.g., random mobility or artificial movement traces, which fails to reflect the inherent complexity of real vehicular networks. To understand the achievable performance of vehicular networks under real and complex environments, we first comprehensively analyze the affecting factors that may influence the performance of vehicular networks and then introduce four representative routing algorithms of vehicular networks, i.e., Epidemic, AODV, GPSR, and MaxProp. Next, we develop an NS-2 simulation framework incorporating a large dataset of real taxi GPS traces collected from around 2,600 taxis in Shanghai, China. With this framework, we have implemented the four routing protocols. Extensive trace-driven simulations have been performed to explore the achievable performance of real vehicular networks. The impact of the controllable affecting factors is investigated, such as number of nodes, traffic load, packet TTL, transmission range, and propagation model. Simulation results show that a real vehicular network has surprisingly poor data delivery performance under a wide range of network configurations for all the routing protocols. This strongly suggests that the challenging characteristics of vehicular networks, such as unique node mobility, constraints of road topology, need further exploration. © 2013 Liao et al.; licensee Springer. Source


Xue-Tao X.,HKUST Fok Ying Tung Graduate School | Kai-Yi L.,University of Maine, France | Jia-Ying Z.,South China University of Technology
Biosensors and Bioelectronics | Year: 2015

A portable and sensitive quantitative DNA detection method based on personal glucose meters and isothermal circular strand-displacement polymerization reaction was developed. The target DNA triggered target recycling process, which opened capture DNA. The released target then found another capture DNA to trigger another polymerization cycle, which was repeated for many rounds, resulting in the multiplication of the DNA-invertase conjugation on the surface of Streptavidin-MNBs. The DNA-invertase was used to catalyze the hydrolysis of sucrose into glucose for PGM readout. There was a liner relationship between the signal of PGM and the concentration of target DNA in the range of 5.0 to 1000. fM, which is lower than some DNA detection method. In addition, the method exhibited excellent sequence selectivity and there was almost no effect of biological complex to the detection performance, which suggested our method can be successfully applied to DNA detection in real biological samples. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source


Liang J.Z.,South China University of Technology | Li B.,HKUST Fok Ying Tung Graduate School | Ruan J.Q.,South China University of Technology
Polymer Testing | Year: 2015

The influence of wollastonite (CaSiO3) content on the crystallization properties and thermal stability of polypropylene (PP) composites was investigated. The results showed that the crystallization temperature, crystallization end temperature and crystallization temperature interval, as well as the degree of crystallinity of the composites, were higher than those of the unfilled PP resin, while the crystallization onset temperature was little changed from that of the unfilled PP resin. The increase of degree of crystallinity for the composites could be attributed to the heterogeneous nucleation of the CaSiO3 in the PP matrix. The thermal stability increased with increasing filler weight fraction (φf); the thermal decomposition rate decreased nonlinearly with increasingφf. Finally, the dispersion of the filler particles in the matrix was observed, and the mechanisms of thermal stability and crystallizing behavior were discussed. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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