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Menzel Bourguiba, Tunisia

Garoui E.M.,University of Sfax | Fetoui H.,University of Sfax | Ayadi Makni F.,Biochemistry Laboratory | Boudawara T.,Histopathology Laboratory | Zeghal N.,University of Sfax
Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology | Year: 2011

To assess liver damages in pregnant and lactating rats and in their suckling pups, wistar female rats were given through drinking water 350ppm of CoCl2 (157ppm Co2+) from the 14th day of pregnancy until day 14 after delivery. The effects of cobalt chloride on lipid peroxidation levels, antioxidant enzyme activities, lipid profile and histopathology aspects of liver were evaluated. Biochemical results showed that lipid peroxidation increased significantly in Co-treated rats, as evidenced by high liver thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) levels. Alteration of the antioxidant system in treated group was confirmed by the significant decline of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities and reduced glutathione (GSH) content in liver of suckling pups and their mothers. Moreover, CoCl2 exposure induced an increase in the activities of the aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), lactate deshydrogenase (LDH) and bilirubin levels in pups and their mothers while liver LDH activity and plasma albumin level were significantly decreased. On the other hand, cobalt chloride induced a marked hypoglycemia, a significant decline in triglycerides and total cholesterol levels. Histological studies showed an infiltration of mononuclear cells and vascular congestion in liver of pups and their mothers.Based on the present findings, exposure of rats to CoCl2 during late pregnancy and early postnatal period affects antioxidant enzyme activities and lipid peroxidation indicating liver damage in mothers and their offspring. © 2009 Elsevier GmbH.

Kyriakou L.G.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Tzirogiannis K.N.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Demonakou M.D.,Histopathology Laboratory | Kourentzi K.T.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | And 3 more authors.
Toxicology and Industrial Health | Year: 2013

Cadmium is a known industrial and environmental pollutant. It causes hepatotoxicity upon acute administration. Features of cadmium-induced acute hepatoxicity encompass necrosis, apoptosis, peliosis and inflammatory infiltration. Gadolinium chloride (GdCl3) may prevent cadmium-induced hepatotoxicity by suppressing Kupffer cells. The effect of GdCl3 pretreatment on a model of acute cadmium-induced liver injury was investigated. Male Wistar rats 4-5 months old were injected intraperitoneally with normal saline followed by cadmium chloride (CdCl2; 6.5 mg/kg) or GdCl3 (10 mg/kg) followed by CdCl2 (6.5 mg/kg; groups I and II, respectively). Rats of both the groups were killed at 9, 12, 16, 24, 48 and 60 h after cadmium intoxication. Liver sections were analyzed for necrosis, apoptosis, peliosis and mitoses. Liver regeneration was also evaluated by tritiated thymidine incorporation into hepatic DNA. Serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were also determined. Hepatic necrosis, hepatocyte and nonparenchymal cell apoptosis and macroscopic and microscopic types of peliosis hepatis were minimized by gadolinium pretreatment. Serum levels of AST and ALT were also greatly diminished in rats of group II. Tritiated thymidine incorporation into hepatic DNA was increased in gadolinium pretreatment rats. Kupffer cell activation was minimal in both the groups of rats. Gadolinium pretreatment attenuates acute cadmium-induced liver injury in young Wistar rats, with mechanisms other than Kupffer cell elimination. © The Author(s) 2011.

Corti M.,Infectious Diseases F. J. Muniz Hospital | Villafane M.F.,Infectious Diseases F. J. Muniz Hospital | Marona E.,Histopathology Laboratory | Lewi D.,Oncology Unit
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Sao Paulo | Year: 2012

Squamous anal cell carcinoma is a rare malignancy that represents the 1.5% to 2% of all the lower digestive tract cancers. However, an increased incidence of invasive anal carcinoma is observed in HIV-seropositive population since the widespread of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Human papillomavirus is strongly associated with the pathogenesis of anal cancer. Anal intercourse and a high number of sexual partners appear to be risk factors to develop anal cancer in both sexes. Anal pain, bleeding and a palpable lesion in the anal canal are the most common clinical features. Endo-anal ultrasound is the best diagnosis method to evaluate the tumor size, the tumor extension and the infiltration of the sphincter muscle complex. Chemoradiotherapy plus antiretroviral therapy are the recommended treatments for all stages of localized squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal in HIV-seropositive patients because of its high rate of cure. Here we present an HIV patient who developed a carcinoma of the anal canal after a long time of HIV infection under highly active antiretroviral therapy with a good virological and immunological response.

Tomkova H.,Tomas Bata Regional Hospital | Vankova L.,Tomas Bata Regional Hospital | Sternbersky J.,Tomas Bata Regional Hospital | Pock L.,Histopathology Laboratory
Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Pannonica et Adriatica | Year: 2010

Segmental Darier's disease is a rare clinical variant of autosomal dominant Darier's disease (keratosis follicularis) exhibiting eruptions in a unilateral arrangement following the lines of Blaschko. It occurs in approximately 10% of patients with Darier's disease. We report two cases of type 1 segmental Darier's disease that appeared a few months after childbirth; in one case, recurrence of the disease occurred after tubal ligation.

Thum C.,University of Edinburgh | Husain E.A.,Royal Infirmary | Mulholland K.,Histopathology Laboratory | Hornick J.L.,Harvard University | Brenn T.,University of Edinburgh
Annals of Diagnostic Pathology | Year: 2013

Atypical fibroxanthoma and pleomorphic dermal sarcoma may be difficult to separate from cutaneous angiosarcoma. We aim to study the morphological spectrum of pseudoangiomatous features in these tumors and the value of staining for endothelial markers CD31, CD34, FLI1, and ERG. Eleven atypical fibroxanthomas and 3 pleomorphic dermal sarcomas were identified. All tumors arose on sun-damaged skin of elderly men. Atypical fibroxanthomas were nodular and confined to the dermis, whereas pleomorphic dermal sarcoma invaded into underlying fascia. All tumors were composed of pleomorphic epithelioid and spindle cells showing blood-filled spaces and intratumoral hemorrhage. Intracytoplasmic vacuoles (n = 4), hemosiderin deposition (n = 2), and keloidal stromal change (n = 1) were also noted. Immunohistochemically, CD31 was expressed in 43% of cases, FLI1 in 79% and smooth muscle actin in 50%. Staining for CD34, ERG, S100, HMB-45, desmin, p63 and cytokeratins was negative. Follow up (median, 43.1 months; range 1-100), available for 10 patients, showed no adverse outcome. Pseudoangiomatous features and aberrant expression of CD31 and FLI1 in atypical fibroxanthoma and pleomorphic dermal sarcoma may lead to an erroneous diagnosis of cutaneous angiosarcoma. Negativity for CD34 and ERG, in particular, is a reliable differentiating feature in this setting. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

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