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Sakalli E.,Safa Private Hospital | Celikyurt C.,Safa Private Hospital | Guler B.,Safa Private Hospital | Biskin S.,Bulent Ecevit University | And 2 more authors.
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology | Year: 2015

We aimed to investigate the effect of stapes fixation on hearing results in patients who underwent mobilization surgery due to tympanosclerosis (TS). Seventy-nine patients were retrospectively analyzed and divided into two groups. Forty-four (55.7 %) patients with mobile stapes were classified as group 1, and 35 (44.3 %) patients with fixed stapes were classified as group 2. Improvement of the air-bone gap (ABG) to become less than 20 dB and the pure-tone average (PTA) by at least 10 dB postoperatively were accepted as success criteria. The PTA and ABG levels were significantly improved in both groups. The pre- and post-operative PTAs were 46.57 ± 15.55 and 25.84 ± 15.47 dB, respectively, in group 1 (p = 0.001). The pre- and post-operative PTAs were 55.64 ± 12.69 and 36.20 ± 14.47 dB, respectively, in group 2 (p = 0.001). The pre- and post-operative ABG levels were 35.36 ± 10.53 and 16.91 ± 8.54 dB, respectively, in group 1 (p = 0.001). The pre- and post-operative ABG levels were 41.68 ± 8.78 and 22.20 ± 10.03 dB, respectively, in group 2 (p = 0.001). A gain ≥10-dB in the PTA in groups 1 and 2 was found in 34 (77.2 %) and 23 (65.7 %) patients, respectively, and the difference between the groups was not significant (p = 0.684). The post-operative AGB in groups 1 and 2 was less than 20 dB in 32 (72.7 %) and 21 (60 %) patients, respectively, and the difference between the groups was not significant (p = 0.733). No significant negative effect of stapes fixation on post-operative hearing results in TS was detected. Successful results can be obtained with a mobilization procedure, even if the stapes is fixed. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source


Sakalli E.,Safa Private Hospital | Celikyurt C.,Safa Private Hospital | Guler B.,Safa Private Hospital | Biskin S.,Bulent Ecevit University | And 2 more authors.
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology | Year: 2015

The aim of the present study was to describe our surgical approach for isolated malleus fixation in patients with tympanosclerosis and to analyze the postoperative results. A total of 30 patients presented with isolated malleus fixation were operated. The fixation was reached via canalplasty. Fixated areas were cleaned without damaging the ossicle. Pre- and postoperative audiometric results were evaluated for each patient. Improvement of the pure-tone average (PTA) by at least 10 dB and an air-bone gap (ABG) of less than 20 dB after 12 months of follow-up was accepted to indicate success. The recovery of the postoperative PTA and ABG measurements was significant. Pre- and postoperative PTA was 48.00 ± 11.86 and 24.90 ± 12.45 dB, respectively (p < 0.001). According to PTA measurements, 40–50 dB recovery was achieved in four (13.3 %) patients, 31–40 dB in six (20 %) patients, 21–30 dB in ten (33.3 %) patients, and 11–20 dB in five (16.6 %) patients, with a total success rate of 25/30 (83.2 %). Pre- and postoperative ABG levels were 38.95 ± 9.92 and 16.10 ± 7.79 dB (p < 0.001), respectively. The ABG level was between 0 and 10 dB for 8 (26.6 %) patients, and 11–20 dB for 16 (53.3 %), with a total success rate of 24/30 (80 %). In cases of isolated malleus fixation with tympanosclerosis, performing a canalplasty to clean the sclerotic plaques without damaging the normal anatomy of the ossicle system using a diamond burr is a safe surgical option that provides significant recovery in hearing levels. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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