Hiroshima Municipal Center for Child Health and Development

Hiroshima-shi, Japan

Hiroshima Municipal Center for Child Health and Development

Hiroshima-shi, Japan
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PubMed | Red Cross, Showa University, Ochanomizu University, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine and 20 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Brain & development | Year: 2015

Monosomy 1p36 syndrome is the most commonly observed subtelomeric deletion syndrome. Patients with this syndrome typically have common clinical features, such as intellectual disability, epilepsy, and characteristic craniofacial features.In cooperation with academic societies, we analyzed the genomic copy number aberrations using chromosomal microarray testing. Finally, the genotype-phenotype correlation among them was examined.We obtained clinical information of 86 patients who had been diagnosed with chromosomal deletions in the 1p36 region. Among them, blood samples were obtained from 50 patients (15 males and 35 females). The precise deletion regions were successfully genotyped. There were variable deletion patterns: pure terminal deletions in 38 patients (76%), including three cases of mosaicism; unbalanced translocations in seven (14%); and interstitial deletions in five (10%). Craniofacial/skeletal features, neurodevelopmental impairments, and cardiac anomalies were commonly observed in patients, with correlation to deletion sizes.The genotype-phenotype correlation analysis narrowed the region responsible for distinctive craniofacial features and intellectual disability into 1.8-2.1 and 1.8-2.2 Mb region, respectively. Patients with deletions larger than 6.2 Mb showed no ambulation, indicating that severe neurodevelopmental prognosis may be modified by haploinsufficiencies of KCNAB2 and CHD5, located at 6.2 Mb away from the telomere. Although the genotype-phenotype correlation for the cardiac abnormalities is unclear, PRDM16, PRKCZ, and RERE may be related to this complication. Our study also revealed that female patients who acquired ambulatory ability were likely to be at risk for obesity.

Tsurusaki Y.,Yokohama City University | Okamoto N.,Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health | Ohashi H.,Saitama Childrens Medical Center | Kosho T.,Shinshu University | And 29 more authors.
Nature Genetics | Year: 2012

By exome sequencing, we found de novo SMARCB1 mutations in two of five individuals with typical Coffin-Siris syndrome (CSS), a rare autosomal dominant anomaly syndrome. As SMARCB1 encodes a subunit of the SWItch/Sucrose NonFermenting (SWI/SNF) complex, we screened 15 other genes encoding subunits of this complex in 23 individuals with CSS. Twenty affected individuals (87%) each had a germline mutation in one of six SWI/SNF subunit genes, including SMARCB1, SMARCA4, SMARCA2, SMARCE1, ARID1A and ARID1B. © 2012 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.

Hiraki Y.,Hiroshima Municipal Center for Child Health and Development | Hiraki Y.,Yokohama City University | Nishimura A.,Yokohama City University | Hayashidani M.,Hiroshima City Hospital | And 9 more authors.
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A | Year: 2011

Proximal interstitial deletions involving 20q11-q12 are very rare. Only two cases have been reported. We describe another patient with 20q11.21-q12 deletion. We precisely mapped the 6.5-Mb deletion and successfully determined the deletion landmarks at the nucleotide level. Common clinical features among the three cases include developmental delay, intractable feeding difficulties with gastroesophageal reflux, and facial dysmorphism including triangular face, hypertelorism, and hypoplastic alae nasi, indicating that the 20q11.2-q12 deletion can be a clinically recognizable syndrome. This is also supported by the fact that the three deletions overlap significantly. In addition, unique features such as arthrogryposis/fetal akinesia (hypokinesia) deformation and retinal dysplasia are recognized in the patient reported herein. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Kosho T.,Shinshu University | Okamoto N.,Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health | Ohashi H.,Saitama Childrens Medical Center | Tsurusaki Y.,Yokohama City University | And 27 more authors.
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A | Year: 2013

Mutations in the components of the SWItch/sucrose nonfermentable (SWI/SNF)-like chromatin remodeling complex have recently been reported to cause Coffin-Siris syndrome (CSS), Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome (NCBRS), and ARID1B-related intellectual disability (ID) syndrome. We detail here the genotype-phenotype correlations for 85 previously published and one additional patient with mutations in the SWI/SNF complex: four with SMARCB1 mutations, seven with SMARCA4 mutations, 37 with SMARCA2 mutations, one with an SMARCE1 mutation, three with ARID1A mutations, and 33 with ARID1B mutations. The mutations were associated with syndromic ID and speech impairment (severe/profound in SMARCB1, SMARCE1, and ARID1A mutations; variable in SMARCA4, SMARCA2, and ARID1B mutations), which was frequently accompanied by agenesis or hypoplasia of the corpus callosum. SMARCB1 mutations caused "classical" CSS with typical facial "coarseness" and significant digital/nail hypoplasia. SMARCA4 mutations caused CSS without typical facial coarseness and with significant digital/nail hypoplasia. SMARCA2 mutations caused NCBRS, typically with short stature, sparse hair, a thin vermillion of the upper lip, an everted lower lip and prominent finger joints. A SMARCE1 mutation caused CSS without typical facial coarseness and with significant digital/nail hypoplasia. ARID1A mutations caused the most severe CSS with severe physical complications. ARID1B mutations caused CSS without typical facial coarseness and with mild digital/nail hypoplasia, or caused syndromic ID. Because of the common underlying mechanism and overlapping clinical features, we propose that these conditions be referred to collectively as "SWI/SNF-related ID syndromes". © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PubMed | Red Cross, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Hyogo Prefectural Tsukaguchi Hospital, Nagasaki University and 12 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American journal of medical genetics. Part A | Year: 2016

Partial 1q trisomy syndrome is a rare disorder. Because unbalanced chromosomal translocations often occur with 1q trisomy, it is difficult to determine whether patient symptoms are related to 1q trisomy or other chromosomal abnormalities. The present study evaluated genotype-phenotype correlations of 26 cases diagnosed with 1q partial trisomy syndrome. DNA microarray was used to investigate the duplication/triplication region of 16 cases. Although there was no overlapping region common to all 26 cases, the 1q41-qter region was frequently involved. One case diagnosed as a pure interstitial trisomy of chromosome 1q by G-banded karyotype analysis was instead found to be a pure partial tetrasomy by CytoScan HD Array. In four 1q trisomy syndrome cases involving translocation, the translocated partner chromosome could not be detected by DNA microarray analyzes despite G-banded karyotype analysis, because there were a limited number of probes available for the partner region. DNA microarray and G-banded karyotyping techniques were therefore shown to be compensatory diagnostic tools that should be used by clinicians who suspect chromosomal abnormalities. It is important to continue recruiting affected patients and observe and monitor their symptoms to reveal genotype-phenotype correlations and to fully understand their prognosis and identify causal regions of symptoms.

Fukai R.,Yokohama City University | Hiraki Y.,Hiroshima Municipal Center for Child Health and Development | Nishimura G.,Tokyo Metropolitan Childrens Medical Center | Nakashima M.,Yokohama City University | And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A | Year: 2014

Monosomy 21 is a very rare chromosomal abnormality. At least 45 patients with partial deletion involving 21q11 have been reported. Here, we report a Japanese boy who presented with pre- and postnatal growth delays, psychomotor developmental delay, microcephaly, and iris coloboma. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a de novo 1.4-Mb deletion at 21q22.11 containing 19 protein-coding RefSeq genes. We compared the clinical phenotypes between the present patient and 16 previously reported patients with a deleted region associated with postnatal growth delay and psychomotor developmental delay. Interestingly, ITSN1 was the only gene deleted or disrupted in all cases; this gene is known to be associated with intellectual disability. Microcephaly and brain structural abnormalities including polymicrogyria and agenesis/hypoplasia of the corpus callosum may also result from haploinsufficiency of ITSN1, highlighting its clinical significance for the neurological features of patients with monosomy 21. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PubMed | Osaka University, Yokohama City University, Hiroshima Municipal Center for Child Health and Development and Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health
Type: | Journal: Annals of general psychiatry | Year: 2014

Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in social interactions, reduced verbal communication abilities, stereotyped repetitive behaviors, and restricted interests. It is a complex condition caused by genetic and environmental factors; the high heritability of this disorder supports the presence of a significant genetic contribution. Many studies have suggested that copy-number variants contribute to the etiology of autism spectrum disorder. Recently, copy-number variants of the nephronophthisis 1 gene have been reported in patients with autism spectrum disorder. To the best of our knowledge, only six autism spectrum disorder cases with duplications of the nephronophthisis 1 gene have been reported. These patients exhibited intellectual dysfunction, including verbal dysfunction in one patient, below-average verbal intellectual ability in one patient, and intellectual disability in four patients. In this study, we identified nephronophthisis 1 duplications in two unrelated Japanese patients with autism spectrum disorder using a high-resolution single-nucleotide polymorphism array. This report is the first to describe a nephronophthisis 1 duplication in an autism spectrum disorder patient with an average verbal intelligence quotient and an average performance intelligence quotient. However, the second autism spectrum disorder patient with a nephronophthisis 1 duplication had a below-average performance intelligence quotient. Neither patient exhibited physical dysfunction, motor developmental delay, or neurological abnormalities. This study supports the clinical observation of nephronophthisis 1 duplication in autism spectrum disorder cases and might contribute to our understanding of the clinical phenotype that arises from this duplication.

PubMed | Hiroshima Municipal Center for Child Health and Development, Yokohama City University and Hiroshima City Hokubu Center for Childrens Treatment and Guidance
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Journal of human genetics | Year: 2015

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a clinically heterogeneous psychiatric disorder with various genetic backgrounds. Here, we report a novel mutation in the pogo transposable element-derived protein with zinc finger domain gene (POGZ) identified by trio-based whole exome sequencing. To date, a total of seven de novo POGZ mutations in ASD have been reported. POGZ contains a total of five functional domains, and this study reports the first de novo missense mutation in the centromere protein B-like DNA-binding domain. POGZ is highly expressed in the human fetal brain and is involved in mitosis and the regulation of neuronal proliferation. Therefore its loss-of-function or pathogenic missense mutations are likely to be causative of ASD.

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