Hiroshima Jogakuin University

www.hju.ac.jp/eng/
Hiroshima, Japan

Hiroshima Jogakuin University is a private women's college in Asaminami, Hiroshima, Japan. The predecessor of the school was founded in 1886, and it was chartered as a university in 1949. Wikipedia.

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Pellicer J.,University of Barcelona | Garnatje T.,Institute Botanic Of Barcelona Csic Icub | Hidalgo O.,Ohio University | Tagashira N.,Hiroshima Jogakuin University | And 2 more authors.
Plant Biosystems | Year: 2010

Fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) of 5S and 18S-5.8S-26S ribosomal DNA was carried out in two species of the genus Artemisia, belonging to the subgenera Artemisia (A. medioxima) and Absinthium (A. lagocephala), each one showing both low and high ploidy levels (2x, 4x and 16x, and 2x and 6x, respectively). Both species have a base chromosome number of x=9. Linkage of both rDNA genes has been observed confirming previous results. Diploid A. lagocephala (2n=18) shows three rDNA loci, and the hexaploid six. Also in A. medioxima, the number of rDNA loci does not increase in the proportion given by the ploidy level, and a relative loss is found. In this species, the diploid population shows two rDNA loci, the tetraploid four, and the hexaidecaploid has around 20. The results evidence a relative loss of rDNA loci and heterochromatin, a phenomenon that is more pronounced at higher ploidy levels. Nevertheless, the DAPI banding pattern of A. lagocephala does not follow this trend, as it shows a spectacular increase of heterochromatic bands at the hexaploid level. These results are discussed in the light of possible chromosome restructuring and gene silencing mechanisms that take place during polyploidy, and more especially allopolyploid formation. © 2010 Società Botanica Italiana.


Kanbara A.,Hiroshima Jogakuin University | Miura Y.,Hiroshima Jogakuin University | Hyogo H.,Hiroshima University | Chayama K.,Hiroshima University | Seyama I.,Hiroshima Jogakuin University
Nutrition Journal | Year: 2012

Background: The finding reported in a previous paper - alkalization of urine facilitates uric acid excretion - is contradictory to what one might expect to occur: because food materials for the alkalization of urine contain fewer purine bodies than those for acidification, less uric acid in alkaline urine should have been excreted than in acid urine. To make clear what component of uric acid excretion mechanisms is responsible for this unexpected finding, we simultaneously collected data for the concentration of both creatinine and uric acid in serum as well as in urine, in order to calculate both uric acid and creatinine clearances. Methods. Within the framework of the Japanese governments health promotion program, we made recipes which consisted of protein-rich and less vegetable-fruit food materials for H +-load (acidic diet) and others composed of less protein and more vegetable-fruit rich food materials (alkaline diet). This is a crossover study within some limitations. Healthy female students, who had no medical problems at the regular physical examination provided by the university, were enrolled in this consecutive 5-day study for each test. From whole-day collected urine, total volume, pH, organic acid, creatinine, uric acid, titratable acid and all cations (Na +,K +,Ca 2+,Mg 2+,NH 4 +) and anions (Cl,SO 4 2,PO 4) necessary for the estimation of acid-base balance were measured. In the early morning before breakfast of the 1st, 3rd and 5th experimental day, we sampled 5mL of blood to estimate the creatinine and uric acid concentration in serum. Results and discussion. Urine pH reached a steady state 3days after switching from ordinary daily diets to specified regimens. The amount of acid generated ([SO 4 2]+organic acidgut alkali)was linearly related with the excretion of acid (titratable acid+[NH 4 +][HCO 3]), indicating that H +in urine is generated by the metabolic degradation of food materials. Uric acid and excreted urine pH retained a linear relationship, as reported previously. Among the five factors which are associated with calculating clearances for both uric acid and creatinine, we identified a conspicuous difference between acidic and alkaline diets in the uric acid concentration in serum as well as in urine; uric acid in the serum was higher in the acidic group than in the alkaline group, while uric acid in the urine in the acidic group was lower than that in the alkaline group. These changes of uric acid in acidic urine and in serum were reflected in the reduction of its clearance. From these observations, it is considered that uric acid may be reabsorbed more actively in acidic urine than in alkaline urine. Conclusion: We conclude that alkalization of urine by eating nutritionally well-designed alkaline -prone food is effective for removing uric acid from the body. © 2012 Kanbara et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Moriyama Y.,Hiroshima Jogakuin University | Moriyama Y.,Sato Cardiology Hospital | Eriguchi R.,Fukuoka renal clinic | Sato Y.,Sato Cardiology Hospital | Nakaya Y.,Tokushima University
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2011

The risk of cardiovascular disease is substantially high in hemodialysis patients. The risk factors for cardiovascular disease in dialysis patients include age, malnutrition, duration of dialysis, diabetes mellitus and hyperphosphatemia. However, it is not clear whether cardiovascular disease is associated with abdominal obesity in dialysis patients. The aim of the present study was to clarify the relationship among visceral fat area and cardiovascular complications in chronic dialysis patients. Area of visceral fat was measured using computed tomography scan in 94 patients. The abdominal aortic calcification index (ACI), blood lipid profile and complication of cardiovascular disease were evaluated in these patients. Compared to patients with smaller visceral fat area (<100 cm2), those with larger visceral fat area (≥100 cm2) showed significantly higher cardiovascular complication and higher serum levels of triglyceride and significantly lower serum levels of HDL-cholesterol. Patients with larger visceral fat area and longer duration of dialysis showed severer calcification by ACI analysis, and showed higher incidences of ischemic heart disease. This study suggested that chronic dialysis patients with higher visceral fat area have a higher risk for vascular events, especially ischemic heart disease.


Wisniewska A.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | Grabowska A.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | Pietraszewska-Bogiel A.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | Pietraszewska-Bogiel A.,University of Amsterdam | And 6 more authors.
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2012

Somatic embryogenesis is a method of plant regeneration, but it can also be used as a model to study plant development. A normalized library of cDNA fragments representing genes up-regulated after the induction of somatic embryogenesis in cucumber suspension cultures was constructed using the suppression subtractive hybridization technique. Candidate cDNA fragments (119) were classified according to their similarity to genes encoding known proteins and the presence of potential functional domains. Of the translation products with homology to known proteins, about 23% were possibly involved in metabolism, 13% represented proteins with a probable role in cellular communication and signal transduction, about 12% were likely to participate in protein synthesis, while around 10% were potential transcription factors. The genes corresponding to four of the cDNAs were subsequently analyzed in more detail: CsSEF2, CsSEM1 and CsSESTK1 encoding putative transcription factors or co-activators, and CsSECAD1 encoding cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase. Full-length cDNAs were isolated and analyzed. RT-PCR confirmed the up-regulation of these genes after the induction of somatic embryogenesis and showed the presence of their transcripts in other tissues. The in situ localization of transcripts of the CsSEF2 and CsSEM1 genes demonstrated that signalling in somatic embryo tissues involving these factors is concentrated in the cotyledon primordia and roots. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS.


Woycicki R.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | Witkowicz J.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | Gawronski P.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | Dabrowska J.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | And 16 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), a widely cultivated crop, has originated from Eastern Himalayas and secondary domestication regions includes highly divergent climate conditions e.g. temperate and subtropical. We wanted to uncover adaptive genome differences between the cucumber cultivars and what sort of evolutionary molecular mechanisms regulate genetic adaptation of plants to different ecosystems and organism biodiversity. Here we present the draft genome sequence of the Cucumis sativus genome of the North-European Borszczagowski cultivar (line B10) and comparative genomics studies with the known genomes of: C. sativus (Chinese cultivar - Chinese Long (line 9930)), Arabidopsis thaliana, Populus trichocarpa and Oryza sativa. Cucumber genomes show extensive chromosomal rearrangements, distinct differences in quantity of the particular genes (e.g. involved in photosynthesis, respiration, sugar metabolism, chlorophyll degradation, regulation of gene expression, photooxidative stress tolerance, higher non-optimal temperatures tolerance and ammonium ion assimilation) as well as in distributions of abscisic acid-, dehydration- and ethylene-responsive cis-regulatory elements (CREs) in promoters of orthologous group of genes, which lead to the specific adaptation features. Abscisic acid treatment of non-acclimated Arabidopsis and C. sativus seedlings induced moderate freezing tolerance in Arabidopsis but not in C. sativus. This experiment together with analysis of abscisic acid-specific CRE distributions give a clue why C. sativus is much more susceptible to moderate freezing stresses than A. thaliana. Comparative analysis of all the five genomes showed that, each species and/or cultivars has a specific profile of CRE content in promoters of orthologous genes. Our results constitute the substantial and original resource for the basic and applied research on environmental adaptations of plants, which could facilitate creation of new crops with improved growth and yield in divergent conditions. © 2011 Wóycicki et al.


Yagi K.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | Siedlecka E.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | Pawelkowicz M.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | Wojcieszek M.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | And 5 more authors.
Cytogenetic and Genome Research | Year: 2014

Cucumis metuliferus (2n = 24) is a cultivated species of the Cucumis genus which is a potential genetic resource for Cucumis crops. Although some cytogenetic research has been reported, there is no study of karyotyping in this species. Here, we used 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and chromomycin A3 staining to identify 12 pairs of chromosomes in early-metaphase cells. Fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed the chromosomal distribution patterns of the 5S and 45S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) genes, telomeres, and 3 different satellite repeats. The 2 major signals of the 45S rDNA were located on the satellite of chromosome 11, and the 2 signals of the 5S rDNA and 2 minor signals of the 45S rDNA were located on chromosome 12. The telomere probes hybridized to the ends of all chromosomes. The 3 satellite DNAs were localized at the ends of chromosomes 1, 2, 4-10, and at the end of the short arm of chromosome 3. In summary, we reported the identification of all chromosomes of C. metuliferus. We also depicted the location of 5S and 45S rDNA, the telomere motif sequence, CmetSat1, CmetSatT2, and CmetmSat1 in an ideogram. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Wisniewska A.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | Pietraszewska-Bogiel A.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | Pietraszewska-Bogiel A.,University of Amsterdam | Zuzga S.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | And 4 more authors.
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum | Year: 2013

Somatic embryogenesis (SE) in plants can be used as a model for studying genes engaged in the embryogenic transition of somatic cells. The CsSCARECROW (CsSCR) gene was previously identified among a panel of genes upregulated after the induction of SE in cucumber (Cucumis sativus). The putative CsSCR protein contains conserved GRAS family domains and is extremely similar to AtSCR from Arabidopsis thaliana. SCR proteins are transcription factors involved in root radial patterning and are required for maintenance of the quiescent centre and differentiation of the endodermis. In comparison with other GRAS proteins from cucumber, phylogenetic analyses showed that CsSCR belongs to the SCR cluster. Increased CsSCR transcript accumulation was detected in somatic embryos and roots. Southern blot analysis and screening of the draft version of the cucumber genome confirmed the lack of close homologues in this species. CsSCR transcripts were localized by in situ hybridization in undifferentiated cells in the globular and heart stages of somatic embryogenesis, and in the endodermis of torpedo and cotyledonary stage somatic embryos, and developing primary and lateral roots. This localization was supported by the pattern of reporter gene activity driven by the CsSCR promoter in transgenic cucumber organs. These results suggest that CsSCR is likely to act in tissue radial organization during somatic embryogenesis and root development. © 2012 The Author(s).


Sato Y.,National Institute of Health and Nutrition | Nakanishi T.,National Institute of Health and Nutrition | Chiba T.,National Institute of Health and Nutrition | Yokotani K.,National Institute of Health and Nutrition | And 4 more authors.
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2013

We investigated the characteristics of dietary supplements and their use by 1,076 Japanese pregnant women, the majority of whom were in mid- to late pregnancy. The subjects completed a self-reported survey on their sociodemographic characteristics, supplement use, and attitudes towards diet. The overall prevalence of supplement use did not change before and after pregnancy (75%); however, daily use increased by approximately twofold with pregnancy (20.2% versus 37.2%). After the onset of pregnancy, supplements containing folic acid were taken for fetal health. Daily users were more likely to be older, have a greater awareness of the risk of neural tube defects (NTD), view supplement use as acceptable, have less diet anxiety, and have more advisers regarding diet. Respondents used supplements containing folic acid alone or with other ingredients. Folic acid intake is recommended to reduce the risk of NTD. However, supplement use began after pregnancy recognition, suggesting a lack of knowledge on the appropriate timing of folic acid use. Information about supplements was obtained mostly from newspapers, magazines, flyers, and stores. These results indicate that more accurate information regarding the optimal timing of folic acid intake and the safety of dietary supplements must be disseminated.


Kanbara A.,Hiroshima Jogakuin University | Seyama I.,Hiroshima Jogakuin University
Nucleosides, Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids | Year: 2011

A potential utilization of dietary intervention for reducing hyperuricemia was tested by managing food materials. Within the framework of the Japanese Government's health promotion program, we made recipes that consisted of more protein-rich and less vegetable/fruit-rich materials for the acidic diet and others composed of less protein-rich and more vegetable/fruit-rich materials for the alkaline diet. We have shown that urine alkalization facilitates uric acid excretion. In this study, it has been clarified with simultaneous measurements of both serum and urine uric acid concentration that acidic diets increase serum uric acid together with a decrease of uric acid excretion. The ratio (R) of uric acid clearance/creatinine clearance was calculated. On the third experimental day, the relative R, referring to that of the first day for the acidic diet, became smaller than that for the alkaline diet, indicating that in acidic urine, uric acid excretion is limited by more active reabsorption, compared with that in alkaline urine. Taken together, we tentatively conclude that dietary intervention may well be the safest and the most economical way for the prevention of hyperuricemia. Copyright © Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


PubMed | Hiroshima Jogakuin University
Type: | Journal: Nutrition journal | Year: 2012

The finding reported in a previous paper - alkalization of urine facilitates uric acid excretion - is contradictory to what one might expect to occur: because food materials for the alkalization of urine contain fewer purine bodies than those for acidification, less uric acid in alkaline urine should have been excreted than in acid urine. To make clear what component of uric acid excretion mechanisms is responsible for this unexpected finding, we simultaneously collected data for the concentration of both creatinine and uric acid in serum as well as in urine, in order to calculate both uric acid and creatinine clearances.Within the framework of the Japanese governments health promotion program, we made recipes which consisted of protein-rich and less vegetable-fruit food materials for H+-load (acidic diet) and others composed of less protein and more vegetable-fruit rich food materials (alkaline diet). This is a crossover study within some limitations. Healthy female students, who had no medical problems at the regular physical examination provided by the university, were enrolled in this consecutive 5-day study for each test. From whole-day collected urine, total volume, pH, organic acid, creatinine, uric acid, titratable acid and all cations (Na+,K+,Ca2+,Mg2+,NH4+) and anions (Cl-,SO42-,PO4-) necessary for the estimation of acid-base balance were measured. In the early morning before breakfast of the 1st, 3rd and 5th experimental day, we sampled 5mL of blood to estimate the creatinine and uric acid concentration in serum.Urine pH reached a steady state 3days after switching from ordinary daily diets to specified regimens. The amount of acid generated ([SO42-]+organic acid-gut alkali)was linearly related with the excretion of acid (titratable acid+[NH4+]-[HCO3-]), indicating that H+in urine is generated by the metabolic degradation of food materials. Uric acid and excreted urine pH retained a linear relationship, as reported previously. Among the five factors which are associated with calculating clearances for both uric acid and creatinine, we identified a conspicuous difference between acidic and alkaline diets in the uric acid concentration in serum as well as in urine; uric acid in the serum was higher in the acidic group than in the alkaline group, while uric acid in the urine in the acidic group was lower than that in the alkaline group. These changes of uric acid in acidic urine and in serum were reflected in the reduction of its clearance. From these observations, it is considered that uric acid may be reabsorbed more actively in acidic urine than in alkaline urine.We conclude that alkalization of urine by eating nutritionally well-designed alkaline -prone food is effective for removing uric acid from the body.

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