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Ariyasu S.,Okayama University | Ariyasu S.,National Hospital Organization Okayama Medical Center | Yanai H.,Okayama University | Sato M.,National Hospital Organization Shikoku Cancer Center | And 7 more authors.
Cytopathology | Year: 2015

Background: Methods for determining the origin of BK virus (BKV)-infected cells (decoy cells) in clinical urine samples have not been established although they could enhance the diagnosis of BKV infection in immunocompromised patients. Methods: We performed simultaneous immunostaining with anti-S100P (a urothelial marker) and anti-SV40 antibodies in 66 clinical urine samples exhibiting SV40 positivity and a decoy-cell appearance on Papanicolaou staining. The clinical voided urine samples included seven cases of renal transplantation, 47 cases of cancer therapy and 12 cases of non-neoplastic disease. SurePath™ liquid-based cytology was used for the urine samples. Results: BKV-infected cells were categorized as SV40(+)/S100P(+) and SV40 (+)/S100p(-). SV40(+)/S100P(-) cells were found in 55 cases (83.4%); nine cases (13.6%) carried both SV40(+)/S100P(-) and SV40(+)/S100P(+) cells. The former were identified as BKV infection in renal tubules and the latter in both the renal tubules and urothelial epithelia. The remaining two cases (3.0%) had only SV40(+)/S100P(+) cells of urothelial origin. Conclusion: Simultaneous immunostaining with anti-S100P and anti-SV40 is a useful method for determining the origin of BKV-infected cells in clinical urine samples from immunocompromised patients such as renal transplantation recipients. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Uka M.,Okayama University | Iguchi T.,Okayama University | Kato K.,Kawasaki Medical School | Hayashi H.,Red Cross | And 5 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Radiology | Year: 2016

Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings and clinical diagnoses of chronic interstitial pneumonia (IP) with a poor prognosis in young patients (≤50 years). Materials and methods: HRCT images of 8 men and 7 women (mean age 34.8 years) obtained before lung transplantation or autopsy were reviewed. After reviewing whole lung specimens and pathologic diagnoses, all patients were clinically diagnosed according to the 2010 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis/usual interstitial pneumonia (IPF/UIP) consensus statement. Results: HRCT images revealed intralobular reticular opacity, air cysts, ground glass opacity, traction bronchiectasis, and interlobular septal thickening. Intralobular reticular opacity was the most extensive finding. Abnormal findings existed predominantly in both the peripheral and lower lung zones in only 1 patient. Classifications of HRCT patterns were “UIP” (n = 2), “inconsistent with UIP” (n = 11), and “indeterminate UIP” (n = 2). Multidisciplinary diagnoses were “IPF/UIP” (n = 1), “possible IPF/UIP” (n = 1), “IP with connective tissue disease” (n = 7), “fibrotic nonspecific IP” (n = 1), and “unclassified IP” (n = 5). Conclusion: The most extensive HRCT finding was intralobular reticular opacity. Most HRCT images differed from typical IPF/UIP, and IPF/UIP was uncommon in young patients with chronic IP with a poor prognosis. © 2016 Japan Radiological Society

Takata K.,Okayama University of Science | Noujima-Harada M.,Okayama University of Science | Miyata-Takata T.,Okayama University of Science | Ichimura K.,Hiroshima City Hiroshima Citizens Hospital | And 11 more authors.
American Journal of Surgical Pathology | Year: 2015

Lymphomatoid gastropathy, which was first reported in 2010, is a rare NK-cell proliferation of cyCD3+, CD4-, CD5-, CD8-, CD56+ phenotypes with unknown etiology. The diagnosis is challenging, as there is histopathologic similarity to malignant lymphoma. In the 2010 report on 10 cases, all lesions were located in the stomach, and all regressed without any therapy. In the present study, we analyzed 6 cases of lymphomatoid gastropathy by investigating the clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular findings. Endoscopic and morphologic appearances of all cases were consistent with previous reports, but 2 cases showed previously unreported unique immunophenotypes of CD4-CD8+. Three of 6 patients underwent lower gastrointestinal examination (1 case underwent double-balloon endoscopic examination), but no patient had lesions in the lower gastrointestinal tract. No obvious difference of histology was found between the cases of CD4-CD8-typical phenotype and ones of CD4-CD8+ phenotype. Both cases had similar clinical behavior as the other 4 cases, implying that the spectrum of the disease is broader than initially thought. Careful clinical and endoscopic follow-up is required for the diagnosis of lymphomatoid gastropathy, and additional case studies and molecular studies are warranted to further investigate the pathophysiology of this peculiar benign mimic of lymphoma. © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Hinoi T.,Hiroshima University | Kawaguchi Y.,Tsuchiya General Hospital | Hattori M.,Hiroshima University | Okajima M.,Hiroshima City Hiroshima Citizens Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Annals of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2015

Methods: We conducted a propensity scoring matched case–control study of colon and rectal cancer patients aged ≥80 years using data from 41 hospitals between 2003 and 2007. A total of 1,526 colon cancer patients and 282 rectal cancer patients underwent surgery and were included in the analysis. The primary end point was 3-year overall survival (OS). Secondary end points included disease-free survival (DFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and postoperative complications.Results: LAP and OP were compared in 804 colon cancer patients (402 pairs) and 114 rectal cancer patients (57 pairs) after all covariates were balanced, and no significant differences were observed, except for tumor size in colon cancer. OS, DFS, and CSS did not differ between the groups for either colon cancer (P = 0.916, 0.968, and 0.799, respectively) or rectal cancer (P = 0.765, 0.519, and 0.950, respectively). In colon cancer cases, LAP was associated with fewer morbidities than was OP (24.9 vs. 36.3 %, P < 0.001); no such difference was observed for rectal cancer patients (47.4 vs. 40.4 %, P = 0.450).Conclusions: LAP is an acceptable alternative to OP in elderly patients with colorectal cancer.Background: The safety of laparoscopic surgery (LAP) in elderly patients with colorectal cancer has not been demonstrated. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of LAP and open surgery (OP) and estimate the feasibility of LAP in colorectal cancer patients aged ≥80 years. © 2014, Society of Surgical Oncology.

Asayama N.,Hiroshima University | Oka S.,Hiroshima University | Tanaka S.,Hiroshima University | Nagata S.,Hiroshima City Asa Citizens Hospital | And 13 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2016

Background: The risk for lymph node metastasis and the prognostic significance of pedunculated-type T1 colorectal carcinomas (CRCs) require further study. We aimed to assess the validity of the 2014 Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum (JSCCR) guidelines based on long-term outcomes of pedunculated-type T1 CRCs. Methods: In this multicenter retrospective cohort study, we examined 176 patients who underwent resection endoscopically or surgically at 14 institutions between January 1990 and December 2010. Patients meeting the JSCCR curative criteria were defined as “endoscopically curable (e-curable)” and those who did not were “non-e-curable”. We evaluated the prognosis of 116 patients (58 e-curable, 58 non-e-curable) who were observed for >5 years after treatment. Results: Overall incidence of lymph node metastasis was 5 % (4/81; 95 % confidence interval 1.4–12 %: three cases of submucosal invasion depth ≥1000 μm [stalk invasion] and lymphatic invasion, one case of head invasion and budding grade 2/3). There was no local or metastatic recurrence in the e-curable patients, but six of them died of another cause (observation period, 80 months). There was no local recurrence in the non-e-curable patients; however, distant metastasis was observed in one patient. Death due to the primary disease was not observed in non-e-curable patients, but six of them died of another cause (observation period, 72 months). Conclusions: Our data support the validity of the JSCCR curative criteria for pedunculated-type T1 CRCs. Endoscopic resection cannot be considered curative for pedunculated-type T1 CRC with head invasion alone. © 2015, Japanese Society of Gastroenterology.

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