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Thérmi, Greece

Chrisoulidou A.,Theagenio Cancer Hospital | Mandanas S.,Theagenio Cancer Hospital | Mitsakis P.,Theagenio Cancer Hospital | Iliadou P.K.,Theagenio Cancer Hospital | And 5 more authors.
World Journal of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2012

Background: Parathyroid metastatic disease from thyroid cancer has not been studied extensively, mainly due to the need for parathyroid preservation during thyroid surgery.Methods: We reviewed files from 1,770 patients with thyroid cancer followed up in our department and 10 patients with parathyroid metastases (0.5%) were identified. Patient and tumor characteristics were recorded.Results: Six out of ten patients had metastases from papillary thyroid cancer, three from follicular thyroid cancer and one from anaplastic thyroid cancer. In nine patients parathyroid infiltration from thyroid cancer was found in direct contact with the thyroid cancer, and in one patient metastatic foci were observed not in continuity with the thyroid cancer.Conclusions: Parathyroid involvement, although infrequent, may occur in thyroid cancer independently of patient age and tumor size. The clinical significance of such event is not clear. The influence on disease outcome remains to be elucidated. © 2012 Chrisoulidou et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Zegkos T.,University Hospital | Kitas G.,University of Manchester | Dimitroulas T.,Hippokratio Hospital
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease | Year: 2016

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality which cannot be fully explained by traditional CV risk factors; cumulative inflammatory burden and antirheumatic medication-related cardiotoxicity seem to be important contributors. Despite the acknowledgment and appreciation of CV disease burden in RA, optimal management of individuals with RA represents a challenging task which remains suboptimal. To address this need, the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) published recommendations suggesting the adaptation of traditional risk scores by using a multiplication factor of 1.5 if two of three specific criteria are fulfilled. Such guidance requires proper coordination of several medical specialties, including general practitioners, rheumatologists, cardiologists, exercise physiologists and psychologists to achieve a desirable result. Tight control of disease activity, management of traditional risk factors and lifestyle modification represent, amongst others, the most important steps in improving CV disease outcomes in RA patients. Rather than enumerating studies and guidelines, this review attempts to critically appraise current literature, highlighting future perspectives of CV risk management in RA. © 2016, © The Author(s), 2016.

Aims: We sought to evaluate the prognostic impact of age on the procedural results and subsequent clinical outcomes in patients with multivessel disease (MVD) treated either by coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) or by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with or without drug eluting stents, based on data of the Arterial Revascularisation Therapies Study (ARTS) part I and part II. The potential influence of age in determining the most appropriate revascularisation strategy for patients with MVD is largely unknown. Methods and results: Three year clinical outcome of ARTS I patients randomised to PCI with bare metal stent (BMS) (n= 600) or CABG (n= 605), and matched patients treated by PCI with sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) in ARTS II (n= 607) were reviewed according to four age quartiles. Endpoints were measured in terms of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events MACCE) during hospital stay and up to three years. The frequency of female, diabetes, hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, pulmonary disease, as well as lesion complexity increased with age. At three years, MACCE free survival was comparable between patients treated by CABG or SES PCI, regardless of age quartile. The incidence of MACCE was higher among ARTS I BMS treated patients in all but the second age quartile. This was primarily related to a higher need for repeat revascularisation among BMS treated patients. However, age, which emerged as a strong independent predictor of MACCE following CABG (p<0.005), was not predictive of adverse events following PCI. Conversely, diabetes was the strongest independent predictor of MACCE among PCI treated patients (p<0.02), but didn't affect three-year outcomes following CABG. Conclusions: Age seems to influence the CABG outcome in-hospital but not PCI. PCI-SES could offer lower immediate risk in patients with MVD and comparable long-term outcome as CABG especially in older patients. The worst outcome of PCI-BMS group is primarily related to the need for repeat revascularisation. Diabetes is the most important predictor of MACCE following PCI. © Europa Edition 2011. All rights reserved.

Gidaris D.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Kanakoudi-Tsakalidou F.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Papakosta D.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Tzimouli V.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | And 3 more authors.
Hippokratia | Year: 2010

Background: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a useful bronchoscopic technique. Studies in "normal" children are limited. Aim: To provide data on BAL reference values from Greek children and compare BAL cellular and noncellular components in children with inflammatory and non-inflammatory lung diseases. Methods: Seventy two children, aged 2.5 months to 16 years, underwent diagnostic bronchoscopy and BAL. Patients were divided in two groups whether lung inflammation was absent or present. Differential cytology, flow cytometry for lymphocyte subsets and cytokine and chemokine measurements were performed on BAL fluid. Results: Alveolar macrophages were the predominant cellular population in normal children. Patients with inflammatory pneumonopathies had significantly more neutrophils. There was no difference in lymphocyte subpopulations. Values of CD4+/CD8+ ratio in BAL was similar to that reported in adults. Levels of IL-8 and TNF-α were significantly higher in children with inflammatory lung diseases. Conclusion: This study provides the first data on BAL of "normal" Greek children. BAL from patients with pulmonary inflammation was characterised by neutrophilia. Finally, we propose that measurement of IL-8 and TNF-a levels in BAL could help in early identification of inflammation in the tracheobronchial tree.

Lagopoulos V.,Hippokratio Hospital | Gigi E.,Aristotelion University
Hippokratia | Year: 2011

Anaphylactic reactions in the peri-operative period are often serious and potentially life-threatening conditions, involving multiple organ systems in which the clinical manifestations are the consequence of the release of preformed mediators from mast cells and basophils. Anaphylaxis is an immune mediated type I allergic reaction following the massive release of mediators from mast cells and basophils as a response to an allergen. Anaphylactoid reactions are defined as those reactions that produce the same clinical picture with anaphylaxis but are not IgE mediated, occur through a direct nonimmune-mediated release of mediators from mast cells and/or basophils or result from direct complement activation. The occurrence of these reactions during anesthesia, although quite rare, remains a major concern for the anesthesiologists. Thus, the need for systematic screening before surgery and the awareness and expert advice to anaesthesiologists seems to be very critical.

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