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Takamatsu D.,Japan National Agriculture and Food Research Organization | Takamatsu D.,Gifu University | Arai R.,Gifu University | Arai R.,Saitama Prefectural Chuo Livestock Hygiene Service Center | And 7 more authors.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology | Year: 2013

Melissococcus plutonius is a fastidious honeybee pathogen, and the addition of KH2PO4 to culture medium is required for its growth. Using genome sequences and a newly developed vector, we showed that mutations in genes encoding Na+/H+ antiporter and cation-transporting ATPase are involved in the potassium requirement for growth. © 2013, American Society for Microbiology.


Ogino A.,Livestock Improvement Association of Japan Inc. | Ishikawa S.,Himeji Livestock Hygiene Service Center | Tomita K.,Himeji Livestock Hygiene Service Center | Nonaka S.,Livestock Improvement Association of Japan Inc. | And 4 more authors.
Hereditas | Year: 2011

Anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (EDA) is a genetic disease characterized by the absence or hypoplasia of hair, teeth and eccrine sweat glands that has been reported in humans, the tabby mouse mutants, cattle and dogs. The EDA gene on the X chromosome encodes a protein, ectodysplasin-A (EDA), which is responsible for EDA. Here we describe a novel mutation of the EDA gene in which a 19 bp deletion in exon 1 in male Holstein calves demonstrated the phenotypic features of EDA. The dam and the grand-dam of the affected calves were heterozygous for this deletion. It is assumed that this deletion close to the start codon confuses all transcripts, and leads to the complete loss of pleiotropic functions of the bovine EDA gene. These results suggest that this mutation might be useful as animal models for the investigation of the pathogenic mechanisms of the anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. © 2011 The Authors.


Watanabe O.,Himeji Livestock Hygiene Service Center | Watanabe O.,Hyogo Prefectural Institute of Technology | Ogino M.,Himeji Livestock Hygiene Service Center | Iwamoto A.,Himeji Livestock Hygiene Service Center | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science | Year: 2012

From April 1994 to March 2001, monitoring tests (surveillance) for contamination of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) at commercial egg farms and farm traceback inspections for cases of SE foodborne illness were carried out in the Himeji Livestock Hygiene Service Center jurisdiction of Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. SE vaccination was not performed before the outbreak of SE-associated foodborne illness, and SE contamination of a farm was recognized. In the surveillance, the year average percentages of identified SE-positive farms were 6.1% in farms with floor feeding in an open-type henhouse (F-OH) and 12.7% in farms with cage feeding in a windowless-type henhouse (C-WH), but 0% in farms with only cage feeding in an open-type henhouse (C-OH). The highest identified proportion of SE-positive farms among all styles of farms was found (4.3%) in April 1997-March 1999. Farm traceback inspections were performed in 2 of 7 farms feeding by F-OH and in 5 of 9 farms feeding by C-WH in this period. Easier contamination with SE was found for C-WH or F-OH than for C-OH. Ninety percent of the birds (3,632,000 birds at 70 farms) are fed at these easier contamination farms by C-WH (89% of birds in 13% of farms) or F-OH (1% of birds at 10% of farms). Integrated sanitary requirements and SE vaccinations are especially necessary on farms feeding by F-OH or C-WH. Since 1999, these countermeasures have been performed, and SE foodborne illnesses and affected patients in Hyogo Prefecture have gradually decreased. © 2012 The Japanese Society of Veterinary Science.


Watanabe O.,Himeji Livestock Hygiene Service Center | Watanabe O.,Hyogo Prefectural Institute of Technology | Maruo Y.,Himeji Livestock Hygiene Service Center
Avian Diseases | Year: 2012

We studied the pathologic features of neurons that contain intracytoplasmic acidophilic droplets (IADs) in chicken spinal cords. The IADs were lustrous spheroid bodies scattered in the cytoplasm of neurons, variable in size, and protein-rich bodies stained eosinophilic with hematoxylin-eosin, acidophilic with Azan, blue indigo with phosphotungstic acid hematoxylin, and yellow-green with Elastica van Gieson stain histopathologically. Ultrastructurally, almost all IADs were observed as homogeneous highly electron-dense spheroid bodies enclosed by double-limited membranes. Small IADs were observed in mitochondria. Anatomically, IAD-CNs were observed only in the ventral horn of the spinal cord between the fourth sacral and third lumbal vertebrae, and they were particularly frequent in the third sacral vertebrae. Their appearance and accumulative amount were likely to increase with age, while the clinical and pathologic significances of IAD-CNs remain unclear. © 2012 American Association of Avian Pathologists.

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