Himeji Dokkyo University is a private university in Himeji, Hyōgo, Japan. The predecessor of the school was founded in 1881, and it was chartered as a university in 1986.The first faculties were the Faculty of Foreign Languages, the Faculty of Law. In 1989, the faculty of Econo-informatics was founded, and in 2006 faculties of Medicine, Health and Physical Therapy were started.The Japanese foundation University Accreditation Association, according to a 2010 university evaluation and accreditation, has certified the university as being in conformity with Japanese university standards.On May 26, 2010, the decision was taken to stop accepting new student applications to the graduate law school, which was opened in April 2006. No students passed the entrance exam. Wikipedia.
Hirose M.,Hyogo College of Medicine |
Kuroda Y.,Himeji Dokkyo University |
Murata E.,University of Fukui
Pain Practice | Year: 2016
Nerve growth factor (NGF) was first discovered approximately 60 years ago by Rita Levi-Montalcini as a protein that induces the growth of nerves. It is now known that NGF is also associated with Alzheimer's disease and intractable pain, and hence, it, along with its high-affinity receptor, tropomyosin receptor kinase (Trk) A, is considered to be 1 of the new targets for therapies being developed to treat these diseases. Anti-NGF antibody and TrkA inhibitors are known drugs that suppress NGF/TrkA signaling, and many drugs of these classes have been developed thus far. Interestingly, local anesthetics also possess TrkA inhibitory effects. This manuscript describes the development of an analgesic that suppresses NGF/TrkA signaling, which is anticipated to be 1 of the new methods to treat intractable pain. © 2016 World Institute of Pain.
Ashihara T.,Shiga University of Medical Science |
Haraguchi R.,Japan National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute |
Nakazawa K.,Japan National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute |
Namba T.,Himeji Dokkyo University |
And 6 more authors.
Circulation Research | Year: 2012
Rationale: Electrogram-based catheter ablation, targeting complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs), is empirically known to be effective in halting persistent/permanent atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the mechanisms underlying CFAEs and electrogram-based ablation remain unclear. Objective: Because atrial fibrosis is associated with persistent/permanent AF, we hypothesized that electrotonic interactions between atrial myocytes and fibroblasts play an important role in CFAE genesis and electrogram-based catheter ablation. Methods and Results: We used a human atrial tissue model in heart failure and simulated propagation and spiral wave reentry with and without regionally proliferated fibroblasts. Coupling of fibroblasts to atrial myocytes resulted in shorter action potential duration, slower conduction velocity, and lower excitability. Consequently, heterogeneous fibroblast proliferation in the myocardial sheet resulted in frequent spiral wave breakups, and the bipolar electrograms recorded at the fibroblast proliferation area exhibited CFAEs. The simulations demonstrated that ablation targeting such fibroblast-derived CFAEs terminated AF, resulting from the ablation site transiently pinning the spiral wave and then pushing it out of the fibroblast proliferation area. CFAEs could not be attributed to collagen accumulation alone. Conclusions: Fibroblast proliferation in atria might be responsible for the genesis of CFAEs during persistent/permanent AF. Our findings could contribute to better understanding of the mechanisms underlying CFAE-targeted AF ablation. © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.
Takano M.,Kobe Gakuin University |
Matsuyama S.,Himeji Dokkyo University
European Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2014
Bradykinin is a vasoactive peptide that participates in numerous inflammatory processes, vasodilation, and cell growth/survival; it mainly acts through two receptor subtypes, bradykinin B1 and bradykinin B 2 receptors, which are G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family members. Details on ubiquitin-dependent degradation via the lysosome and/or proteasome, and the recycling process that directs bradykinin B2 receptor to the cell surface after agonist-induced endocytosis remain unclear; nevertheless, intracellular localization and internalization of GPCRs following stimulation by ligands are well known. Evidence concerning the nuclear localization and functions of GPCRs has been accumulating. The bradykinin B 2 receptor has been shown to localize in the nucleus and suggested to function as a transcriptional regulator of specific genes. The transfer of membrane GPCRs (regardless of liganding), including the bradykinin B2 receptor to the nucleus can be attributed to the presence of a peptide sequence referred to as the nuclear localization signal (NLS). More recently, we found that nuclear bradykinin B2 receptors form heterodimers with the nuclear lamina protein, lamin C. The function of heterodimerization of the bradykinin B2 receptor with lamin C is still unclear. However, nuclear proteins lamin A/C are involved in a variety of diseases. Although further studies are required to elucidate the precise functions and mechanisms of intracellular and nuclear bradykinin B2 receptors, here we discuss the role of lamin A/C in laminopathies and examine the clinical significance of the bradykinin B2 receptor heterodimer. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Kajimoto T.,University of California at San Diego |
Kajimoto T.,Kyoto University |
Sawamura S.,Kyoto University |
Tohyama Y.,Himeji Dokkyo University |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Biological Chemistry | Year: 2010
Conventional and novel protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes transduce the abundance of signals mediated by phospholipid hydrolysis; however redundancy in regulatory mechanisms confounds dissecting the unique signaling properties of each of the eight isozymes constituting these two subgroups. Previously, we created a genetically encoded reporter (C kinase activity reporter (CKAR)) to visualize the rate, amplitude, and duration of agonist-evoked PKC signaling at specific locations within the cell. Here we designed a reporter, δCKAR, that specifically measures the activation signature of one PKC isozyme, PKC δ, in cells, revealing unique spatial and regulatory properties of this isozyme. Specifically, we show two mechanisms of activation: 1) agonist-stimulated activation at the plasma membrane (the site of most robust PKC δ signaling), Golgi, and mitochondria that is independent of Src and can be triggered by phorbol esters and 2) agonist-stimulated activation in the nucleus that requires Src kinase activation and cannot be triggered by phorbol esters. Translocation studies reveal that the G-protein-coupled receptor agonist UTP induces the translocation of PKC δ into the nucleus by a mechanism that depends on the C2 domain and requires Src kinase activity. However, translocation from the cytosol into the nucleus is not required for the Src-dependent regulation of nuclear activity; a construct of PKC δ prelocalized to the nucleus continues to be activated by UTP by a mechanism dependent on Src kinase activity. These data identify the nucleus as a signaling hub for PKC δ that is driven by receptor-mediated signaling pathways (but not phorbol esters) and differs from signaling at plasma membrane and Golgi in that it is controlled by Src family kinases. © 2010 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Miyamoto K.,Himeji Dokkyo University |
Togiya K.,15 203 Hirano machi
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011
CC-chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is a specific co-receptor allowing the entry of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). The LC4 region in CCR5 is required for HIV-1 entry into the cells. In this study, the solution structure of LC4 in SDS micelles was elucidated by using standard 1H two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy, circular dichroism, and fluorescdence quenching. The LC4 structure adopts two helical structures, whereas the C-terminal part remains unstructured. The positions in which LC4 binds to the HIV-1 inhibitory peptide LC5 were determined by docking calculations in addition to NMR data. The poses showed the importance of the hydrophobic interface of the assembled structures. The solution structure of LC4 elucidated in the present work provides a structural basis for further studies on the HIV-1 inhibitory function of the LC4 region. © 2011 Miyamoto, Togiya.
Miyamoto K.,Himeji Dokkyo University
Journal of Peptide Science | Year: 2012
Alpha-helical region substitution was applied to the SIAH1 and EL5 RING fingers. The Williams-Beuren syndrome transcription factor (WSTF) PHD_SIAH1 and WSTF PHD_EL5 RING fingers were created as the artificial ubiquitin-ligating enzyme (E3). These fingers possess E3 activities of mono-ubiquitination and poly-ubiquitination, respectively, with ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2)-binding capabilities. Artificial E3s bind two zinc atoms and adopt a zinc-dependent ordered structure and ubiquitinate upon themselves without a substrate and a tag. Ubiquitination experiments using biotinylated ubiquitin showed that the WSTF PHD_EL5 RING finger is poly-ubiquitinated via residue Lys63 of ubiquitin. Substitution of alpha-helical region might be applicable to various RING fingers with mono-ubiquitination or poly-ubiquitination. © 2011 European Peptide Society and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Yagami T.,Himeji Dokkyo University |
Yamamoto Y.,Himeji Dokkyo University |
Koma H.,Himeji Dokkyo University
Molecular Neurobiology | Year: 2014
Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2s) are small secreted proteins (14-18 kDa) and require submillimolar levels of Ca 2+ for liberating arachidonic acid from cell membrane lipids. In addition to the enzymatic function, sPLA2 can exert various biological responses by binding to specific receptors. Physiologically, sPLA2s play important roles on the neurotransmission in the central nervous system and the neuritogenesis in the peripheral nervous system. Pathologically, sPLA2s are involved in the neurodegenerative diseases (e.g., Alzheimer's disease) and cerebrovascular diseases (e.g., stoke). The common pathology (e.g., neuronal apoptosis) of Alzheimer's disease and stroke coexists in the mixed dementia, suggesting common pathogenic mechanisms of the two neurological diseases. Among mammalian sPLA2s, sPLA 2-IB and sPLA2-IIA induce neuronal apoptosis in rat cortical neurons. The excess influx of calcium into neurons via l-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels mediates the two sPLA 2-induced apoptosis. The elevated concentration of intracellular calcium activates PKC, MAPK and cytosolic PLA2. Moreover, it is linked with the production of reactive oxygen species and apoptosis through activation of the superoxide producing enzyme NADPH oxidase. NADPH oxidase is involved in the neurotoxicity of amyloid β peptide, which impairs synaptic plasticity long before its deposition in the form of amyloid plaques of Alzheimer's disease. In turn, reactive oxygen species from NADPH oxidase can stimulate ERK1/2 phosphorylation and activation of cPLA2 and result in a release of arachidonic acid. sPLA2 is up-regulated in both Alzheimer's disease and cerebrovascular disease, suggesting the involvement of sPLA2 in the common pathogenic mechanisms of the two diseases. Thus, our review presents evidences for pathophysiological roles of sPLA2 in the central nervous system and neurological diseases. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media.
Yoshii N.,Himeji Dokkyo University |
Okamura E.,Himeji Dokkyo University
Journal of Physical Chemistry B | Year: 2011
The kinetics of membrane binding and dissociation of fluorinated bisphenol A (FBPA, (CF3)2C(C6H4OH) 2) is quantified by 1D 19F NMR spectra in situ. Although the bound and free components are in fast exchange, the rate constants and bound fraction is nonetheless determined from an analysis of the spectra. The analysis relies on the expression of 1D NMR signal intensity by a set of Bloch equations with exchange terms. The time span of the binding and dissociation of hydrophobic FBPA to large unilamellar vesicles of egg phosphatidylcholine (EPC) is 10-3 to 10-2 s. The rates of FBPA binding and dissociation are kept constant per EPC molecule even at different concentrations of the vesicle. The free energy of FBPA transfer is -20 ± 2 kJ/mol at 303 K. The process is entropy-driven. The efficiency of FBPA transfer is enhanced by a factor of 7 × 104, as compared with the hydrophilic 5-fluorouracil. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Yamanaka R.,Himeji Dokkyo University |
Nakamura K.,Kobe University |
Murakami A.,Kobe University
AMB Express | Year: 2011
Effective utilization of photosynthetic microorganisms as potential biocatalysts is favorable for the production of useful biomaterials and the reduction of atmospheric CO2. For example, biocatalytic transformations are used in the synthesis of optically active alcohols. We previously found that ketone reduction in cells of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 7942 is highly enantioselective and remarkably enhanced under light illumination. In this study, the mechanism of lightenhanced ketone reduction was investigated in detail using several inhibitors of photosynthetic electron transport and of enzymes of the Calvin cycle. It is demonstrated that light intensity and photosynthesis inhibitors significantly affect the ketone reduction activity in Synechococcus. This indicates that the reduction correlates well with photosynthetic activity. Moreover, ketone reduction in Synechococcus specifically depends upon NADPH and not NADH. These results also suggest that cyanobacteria have the potential to be utilized as biocatalytic systems for direct usage of light energy in various applications such as syntheses of useful compounds and remediation of environmental pollutants. © 2011 Yamanaka et al; licensee Springer.
Miyamoto K.,Himeji Dokkyo University
Scientific Reports | Year: 2014
The artificial WSTF PHD-EL5 RING finger was designed via ''α-helical region substitution'', and its structural model for the attachment of activated ubiquitin has been demonstrated. Chemical modifications of Cys residues, the circular dichroism spectra, and substrate-independent ubiquitination assays illustrated that theWSTFPHD-EL5 RING finger has E3 activity, and it is ubiquitinated via Lys14. Homology modeling calculations revealed that the WSTF PHD-EL5 RING finger possesses a classical RING fold for specific E2- E3 binding. The docking poses of the WSTF PHD-EL5 RING finger with the UbcH5b-ubiquitin conjugate provided insight into its functional E2 interaction and development of ubiquitination at the atomic level. The structural model of the artificial WSTF PHD-EL5 RING finger proposed by the present work is useful and may help to extend the strategy of a-helical region substitution.