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Marlton, NJ, United States

Hill International is an international construction consulting firm. Founded in 1976, the company is currently headquartered in Marlton, New Jersey, United States. It will be moving its headquarters to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States in May of 2015.In 2012, Engineering News-Record magazine ranked Hill as the 8th largest construction management firm-for-fee and the 10th largest program management firm in the U.S. Hill’s claims and consulting services include claims analysis, litigation support, expert witness testimony, cost and damages assessment, delay and disruption analysis, lender/technical advisory and the Project Neutral. Wikipedia.

Newman C.,Hill International
Human Resources for Health | Year: 2014

Gender is a key factor operating in the health workforce. Recent research evidence points to systemic gender discrimination and inequalities in health pre-service and in-service education and employment systems. Human resources for health (HRH) leaders' and researchers' lack of concerted attention to these inequalities is striking, given the recognition of other forms of discrimination in international labour rights and employment law discourse. If not acted upon, gender discrimination and inequalities result in systems inefficiencies that impede the development of the robust workforces needed to respond to today's critical health care needs.This commentary makes the case that there is a clear need for sex- and age-disaggregated and qualitative data to more precisely illuminate gender-related trends and dynamics in the health workforce. Because of their importance for measurement, the paper also presents definitions and examples of sex or gender discrimination and offers specific case examples.At a broader level, the commentary argues that gender equality should be an HRH research, leadership, and governance priority, where the aim is to strengthen health pre-service and continuing professional education and employment systems to achieve better health systems outcomes, including better health coverage. Good HRH leadership, governance, and management involve recognizing the diversity of health workforces, acknowledging gender constraints and opportunities, eliminating gender discrimination and equalizing opportunity, making health systems responsive to life course events, and protecting health workers' labour rights at all levels. A number of global, national and institution-level actions are proposed to move the gender equality and HRH agendas forward. © 2014 Newman; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Baker C.M.,Hill International
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Computational Molecular Science | Year: 2015

Molecular dynamics simulations are well established for the study of biomolecular systems. Within these simulations, energy functions known as force fields are used to determine the forces acting on atoms and molecules. While these force fields have been very successful, they contain a number of approximations, included to overcome limitations in computing power. One of the most important of these approximations is the omission of polarizability, the process by which the charge distribution in a molecule changes in response to its environment. Since polarizability is known to be important in many biochemical situations, and since advances in computer hardware have reduced the need for approximations within force fields, there is major interest in the use of force fields that include an explicit representation of polarizability. As such, a number of polarizable force fields have been under development: these have been largely experimental, and their use restricted to specialized researchers. This situation is now changing. Parameters for fully optimized polarizable force fields are being published, and associated code incorporated into standard simulation software. Simulations on the hundred-nanosecond timescale are being reported, and are now within reach of all simulation scientists. In this overview, I examine the polarizable force fields available for the simulation of biomolecules, the systems to which they have been applied, and the benefits and challenges that polarizability can bring. In considering future directions for development of polarizable force fields, I examine lessons learnt from non-polarizable force fields, and highlight issues that remain to be addressed. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

Kaundun S.S.,Hill International
Pest Management Science | Year: 2014

Resistance to acetyl-CoA carboxylase herbicides is documented in at least 43 grass weeds and is particularly problematic in Lolium, Alopecurus and Avena species. Genetic studies have shown that resistance generally evolves independently and can be conferred by target-site mutations at ACCase codon positions 1781, 1999, 2027, 2041, 2078, 2088 and 2096. The level of resistance depends on the herbicides, recommended field rates, weed species, plant growth stages, specific amino acid changes and the number of gene copies and mutant ACCase alleles. Non-target-site resistance, or in essence metabolic resistance, is prevalent, multigenic and favoured under low-dose selection. Metabolic resistance can be specific but also broad, affecting other modes of action. Some target-site and metabolic-resistant biotypes are characterised by a fitness penalty. However, the significance for resistance regression in the absence of ACCase herbicides is yet to be determined over a practical timeframe. More recently, a fitness benefit has been reported in some populations containing the I1781L mutation in terms of vegetative and reproductive outputs and delayed germination. Several DNA-based methods have been developed to detect known ACCase resistance mutations, unlike metabolic resistance, as the genes remain elusive to date. Therefore, confirmation of resistance is still carried out via whole-plant herbicide bioassays. A growing number of monocotyledonous crops have been engineered to resist ACCase herbicides, thus increasing the options for grass weed control. While the science of ACCase herbicide resistance has progressed significantly over the past 10 years, several avenues provided in the present review remain to be explored for a better understanding of resistance to this important mode of action. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry. Source

Seo S.,University of Manchester | Taylor J.B.,Hill International | Greaney M.F.,University of Manchester
Chemical Communications | Year: 2013

A variety of heteroarenes and electron rich arenes can be trifluoromethylated at room temperature with TMSCF3, catalytic silver and PhI(OAc)2. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source

Bell G.,Hill International
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences | Year: 2016

A model has been designed to predict the phase which forms in water for a non-ionic surfactant, at a given concentration and temperature. The full phase diagram is generated by selecting enough data points to cover the region of interest. The model estimates the probability for each one of 10 possible phases and selects the one with the highest likelihood. The probabilities are based on the recursive partitioning of a dataset of 10 000 known observations. The model covers alkyl chain length and branching, ethoxylate head length and number, and end capping of one or more of the ethoxylate chains. The relationship between chemical structure, shape and phase behaviour is discussed. This article is part of the themed issue 'Soft interfacial materials: from fundamentals to formulation'. ©2016 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. Source

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