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Wakayama-shi, Japan

Watanabe S.,University of Tokyo | Maeda K.,Yamaguchi University | Suzuki K.,Hikiiwa Park Center | Ueda N.,University of Tokyo | And 9 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2010

Because bats are associated with emerging zoonoses, identification and characterization of novel viruses from bats is needed. Using a modified rapid determination system for viral RNA/DNA sequences, we identified a novel bat betaherpesvirus 2 not detected by herpesvirus consensus PCR. This modified system is useful for detecting unknown viruses. Source

Shirato K.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Maeda K.,Yamaguchi University | Tsuda S.,University of Tokyo | Suzuki K.,Hikiiwa Park Center | And 14 more authors.
Virus Genes | Year: 2012

Bats have great potential as reservoirs for emerging viruses such as severe acute respiratory syndrome- coronavirus. In this study, bat coronaviruses (BtCoVs) were detected by RT-PCR from intestinal and fecal specimens of Miniopterus fuliginosus breeding colonies in Wakayama Prefecture caves, where we previously identified bat betaherpesvirus 2. Two primer sets were used for the detection of BtCoV: one was for the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) region and the other was for the spike (S) protein region. Eleven and 73% of intestinal and fecal specimens, respectively, were positive for RdRp region, and 2 and 40% of those were positive for S protein region. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis showed that the detected BtCoV belonged to the group 1 (alpha) coronaviruses. These data suggest that BtCoV is endemic in M. fuliginosus in Japan. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011. Source

Horimoto T.,University of Tokyo | Maeda K.,Yamaguchi University | Murakami S.,University of Tokyo | Kiso M.,University of Tokyo | And 6 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

Although raccoons (Procyon lotor) are susceptible to influenza viruses, highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1) infection in these animals has not been reported. We performed a serosurvey of apparently healthy feral raccoons in Japan and found specific antibodies to subtype H5N1 viruses. Feral raccoons may pose a risk to farms and public health. Source

Sakai M.,Kitasato University | Ohno R.,Kitasato University | Higuchi C.,Kitasato University | Sudo M.,Kitasato University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases | Year: 2012

Rhodococcus equi was isolated from the submaxillary lymph nodes of wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Wakayama and Hyogo, Japan, with a high prevalence. Rhodococcus equi isolation rates between locations, sexes, or body weights were not different, except in the prevalence of vapB-positive R. equi between locations. © Wildlife Disease Association 2012. Source

Sato S.,Nihon University | Kabeya H.,Nihon University | Yoshino A.,Nihon University | Sekine W.,Nihon University | And 5 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2015

Bartonella quintana bacteremia was detected in 6 (13.3%) of 45 wild-caught Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). Multilocus sequence typing of the isolates revealed that Japanese macaques were infected with a new and specific B. quintana sequence type. Free-ranging Japanese macaques thus represent another natural reservoir of B. quintana. © 2015, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). All rights reserved. Source

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