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Xin C.,University of South Florida | Xin C.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Lu Q.,University of South Florida | Ai C.,Southwest Jiaotong University | And 5 more authors.
Construction and Building Materials | Year: 2017

Surfacing steel decks is one of the key technical issues facing engineers during construction of long-span steel bridges. The objective of this study was to improve the high-temperature performance of gussasphalt (GA), one of the preferred surfacing materials for steel deck bridges around the world, by optimizing its binder formula. Three types of asphalt binders (i.e., styrene-butadienestyrene [SBS] modified asphalt, Trinidad lake asphalt [TLA], and NES-1 rock asphalt) were selected as basic constituents to achieve an optimized asphalt binder, which is known as hard modified asphalt. Abiding by the principles of uniform experimental design, a series of laboratory tests for penetration, ductility, ring-and-ball (R&B) softening point, and viscosity were conducted to assess and optimize the binder performance. With the laboratory testing results, quadratic polynomial stepwise regression analysis was performed to obtain four nonlinear multiple regression models for the relationships between performance and compositions of the hard modified asphalt. It is shown that NES-1 rock asphalt has more significant influence than Trinidad lake asphalt on improving the high-temperature performance of the hard modified asphalt. In order to ensure mixing workability and low-temperature performance of gussasphalt, the contents of NES-1 rock asphalt and Trinidad lake asphalt should not exceed 5% and 30%, respectively. The optimum formula of hard modified asphalt for gussasphalt is 75% SBS modified asphalt, 20% Trinidad lake asphalt, and 5% NES-1 rock asphalt. The performance of the optimized hard modified asphalt was validated by laboratory tests. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Ai C.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Ai C.,Highway Engineering Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province | Yang T.,Southwest Jiaotong University | Yang T.,Highway Engineering Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province | And 5 more authors.
Wuhan Ligong Daxue Xuebao (Jiaotong Kexue Yu Gongcheng Ban)/Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (Transportation Science and Engineering) | Year: 2014

Composite beam samples were made bonding with modified asphalt mixture and cement concrete by special asphalt binder of seamless expansion joint, and the bonding performances were studied by direct tensile tests.The influence rules and failed states under different temperatures and conditions of interface bonding were analyzed, and the bonding failure causes were explained. The results show that (1)temperature has great effects on bonding performance. bonding strength decreases with temperature rising, but the decreasing rules are different in different temperature range, when temperature higher, the decreasing speed slower; (2)rough interaction can improve bonding performance, but the improving effects are different under different temperature, low temperature “prominent” and high temperature “indistinctive”; (3)the characteristics of bonding failure are different under different temperature, “brittle rupture ” under low temperature, “divulsion” under normal temperature, and “agglutinate rupture” under high temperature. ©, 2014, Wuhan University of Technology. All right reserved.

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