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Hammam Sousse, Tunisia

Lassaad M.,Hight Institute of Agronomy | Martinez-Torres D.,University of Valencia | Monia B.H.K.,Hight Institute of Agronomy
Insect Science

Pterochloroides persicae (Cholodkovsky) is an aphid species belonging to the subfamily Lachninae that uses different members of Rosaceae (specially Prunus spp.) as hosts. Partial sequences from the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase 1 (COI) and the nuclear long-wave opsin genes were obtained for approximately 100 P. persicae aphid individuals sampled from 34 colonies collected mainly in Tunisia and other Mediterranean locations. The variability found at the mitochondrial locus revealed the presence of two maternal haplotypes in the studied area that differed in a single nucleotide. The nuclear gene analyzed, however, failed to reveal any variability in this species. The variability found at the COI locus was related to the season of aphid sampling and with the site of feeding, with haplotype I mostly detected in samples collected in spring and summer on trunks and branches and haplotype II only detected in aphids collected in autumn on roots. The observed pattern of molecular variation suggests the presence of two clonal races of P. persicae coexisting in the studied area differentially adapted to conditions prevalent in the alternative seasons and/or to different feeding sites. © 2012 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Source

Mdellel L.,Hight Institute of Agronomy | Halima Kamel M.B.,Hight Institute of Agronomy
Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France

Summary. Individuals of Pterochloroides persicae reared under controlled conditions were used to describe the morphometry and biological parameters of instars of this aphid. Our results showed that P. persicae developed four instars before reaching the adult stage. The first and the second larval instars both have five antennal segments, although the others have six segments. A significant difference was observed between instars in the first antennal segment (F = 56.11; df = 4, P = 0.026), in the body length (F = 115.38; df = 4, p = 0.014) and in the cauda length (F = 72, 77; df = 4, p = 0.021). The study of developmental and reproductive performance of P. persicae showed that the first instar lasted for 3.17 days, the second instar 2.35 days, the third instar 4.68 days, the fourth instar 5.035 days and the adult 6.86 days. We demonstrate also that the generation time lasted for 15.26 days. The life span was 22.11 days. As for fecundity, a single female of P. persicae gave birth to 29.68 ± 7.38 nymphs with an average reproductive rate per day of 4.32 ± 2.16. © 2015 Société entomologique de France Source

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