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Guesmi-Jouini J.,The Higher Institute of Agronomic science of Chott Mariem | Garrido-Jurado I.,University of Cordoba, Spain | Lopez-Diaz C.,University of Cordoba, Spain | Ben Halima-Kamel M.,The Higher Institute of Agronomic science of Chott Mariem | Quesada-Moraga E.,University of Cordoba, Spain
Journal of Invertebrate Pathology | Year: 2014

Entomopathogenic fungi (EPF) are commonly found in diverse habitats and are known to cause mycoses in many different taxa of arthropods. Various unexpected roles have been recently reported for fungal entomopathogens, including their presence as fungal endophytes, plant disease antagonists, rhizosphere colonizers and plant growth promoting fungi. In Tunisia, a wide range of indigenous EPF isolates from different species, such as Beauveria bassiana and Bionectria ochroleuca, were found to occur in the soil, and to be pathogenic against the artichoke aphid Capitophorus elaeagni ( Hemiptera: Aphididae). Since endophytic fungi are recently regarded as plant-defending mutualists and their presence in internal plant tissue has been discussed as an adaptive protection against insects, we were interested on elucidating the possible endophytic behavior of B. bassiana and B ochroleuca on artichoke, Cynara scolymus, after foliar spraying tehcnique. The leaf spray inoculation method was effective in introducing the inoculated fungi into the plant tissues and showed, then, an endophytic activity on artichoke even 10. days later. According S-N-K test, there was significant differences between the two fungal treatments, B ochroleuca (84% a) and B. bassiana (78% a), and controls (0% b). Likewise, the inoculated entomopathogenic fungi were also isolated from new leaves even though with significant differences respectively between controls (0% c), B. bassiana (56% b) and B ochroleuca (78% a).These results reveals significant new data on the interaction of inoculated fungi with artichoke plant as ecological roles that can be exploited for the protection of plants. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

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