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Karoui R.,University of Artois | Hammami M.,Higher Institute of Agriculture of Mateur | Rouissi H.,Higher Institute of Agriculture of Mateur | Blecker C.,University of Liege
Food Chemistry | Year: 2011

Mid infrared spectroscopy (MIR) combined with multivariate data analysis was used to discriminate between ewes milk samples according to their feeding systems (controls, ewes fed scotch bean and ewes fed soybean). The MIR spectra were scanned throughout the first 11 weeks of the lactation stage. When factorial discriminant analysis (FDA) with leave one-out cross-validation was applied, separately, to the three spectral regions in the MIR (i.e. 3000-2800, 1700-1500 and 1500-900 cm-1), the classification rate was not satisfactory. Therefore, the first principal component (PCs) scores (corresponding to 3, 10 and 10 for, respectively, the 3000-2800, 1700-1500 and 1500-900 cm-1) of the principal component analysis (PCA) extracted from each of the data sets were pooled (concatenated) into a single matrix and analysed by FDA. Correct classification amounting to 71.7% was obtained. Finally, the same procedure was applied to the MIR and fluorescence data sets and 98% of milk samples were found to be correctly classified. Milk samples belonging to control and soybean groups were 100% correctly classified. Regarding milk samples originating from the scotch bean group, only 2 out of 33 samples were misclassified. It was concluded that concatenation of the data sets collected from the two spectroscopic techniques is an efficient tool for authenticating milk samples according to their feeding systems, regardless of the lactation stage. Source

Hammami M.,Higher Institute of Agriculture of Mateur | Dridi S.,University of Arkansas | Zaidi F.,Higher Institute of Agriculture of Mateur | Maamouri O.,Higher Institute of Agriculture of Mateur | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Food Properties | Year: 2013

The objective of the present study was to assess the potential of front-face fluorescence spectroscopy coupled with chemometric tools for the evaluation of the quality of milk samples according to the feeding system and genotype. Fifty (n = 50) ewe's milk samples were scanned after excitation set at 250, 290, 322, and 380 nm and emission set at 410 nm. Thirty out of the 50 samples composed the first trial and were obtained from two different genotypes (i.e., Comisana versus Sicilo-Sarde); the second trial was composed of 20 samples obtained from the Sicilo-Sarde genotype with two different feeding systems in pen (soybean versus scotch bean). Milk samples were divided into four groups named Sicilo-Sarde with pasture feeding (Spas), Comisana with pasture feeding (Cpas), Sicilo-Sarde feeding on scotch bean (Ssco), and Sicilo-Sarde feeding on soybean (Ssoy). The factorial discriminant analysis was applied to the: (i) four groups (i.e., Spas, Ssco, Ssoy, and Cpas) and (ii) three groups composed only of Sicilo-Sarde genotype (i.e., Spas, Ssco, and Ssoy). Considering the four groups, the best result was obtained with the excitation vitamin A spectra since correct classification amounting to 76% was observed. When the factorial discriminant analysis was performed with the three groups belonging to the Sicilo-Sarde genotype, the best result was obtained again with vitamin A spectra (i.e., emission and excitation spectra) since 88.6% of correct classification was observed. Concatenation technique applied to the five fluorescence spectra improved the rate of classification between the four groups since 44 out of 50 samples were correctly classified. No misclassification was observed between milk samples collected from ewes with pasture feeding from the pen feeding. It was concluded from the obtained results that fluorescence spectroscopy could be considered as a powerful tool for differentiating between raw milks according to both genotype and feeding system. © 2013 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Hammami M.,Higher Institute of Agriculture of Mateur | Rouissi H.,Higher Institute of Agriculture of Mateur | Salah N.,Higher Institute of Agriculture of Mateur | Selmi H.,Higher Institute of Agriculture of Mateur | And 3 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

Rapid measurements of milk properties and discrimination of milk origin are necessary techniques for quality control of milk products. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the potential of using front face fluorescence spectroscopy (FFFS) and synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy (SFS) for monitoring the quality of forty-five ewe's milk samples originating from different feeding systems. Physico-chemical analyses and fluorescence spectra were conducted on samples during lactation periods (the first 11 weeks). The principal component analysis (PCA) separately applied to the physico-chemical and fluorescence spectral data showed only small discrimination between milk samples based on lactation periods and diet compositions. Similar results were obtained by separately applying factorial discriminant analysis (FDA) on each technique. In a second step, concatenation technique were applied to FFF spectra acquired after excitation set at 250, 290, 380 nm and emission set at 410 nm. Results obtained showed a good discrimination among milk samples with regard to feeding systems given to the ewes throughout the lactation periods. In addition, a better discrimination was observed with FFFS than with SFS. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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