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Tanabe K.,High Energy Accelerator Research Organization
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2016

Abstract: We study the effective theory of slowly rotating black holes at the infinite limit of the spacetime dimension D. This large D effective theory is obtained by integrating the Einstein equation with respect to the radial direction. The effective theory gives equations for non-linear dynamical deformations of a slowly rotating black hole by effective equations. The effective equations contain the slowly rotating Myers-Perry black hole, slowly boosted black string, non-uniform black string and black ring as stationary solutions. We obtain the analytic solution of the black ring by solving effective equations. Furthermore, by perturbation analysis of effective equations, we find a quasinormal mode condition of the black ring in analytic way. As a result we confirm that thin black ring is unstable against non-axisymmetric perturbations. We also include 1/D corrections to the effective equations and discuss the effects by 1/D corrections. © 2016, The Author(s).

Oishi-Tomiyasu R.,High Energy Accelerator Research Organization
Journal of Applied Crystallography | Year: 2014

A new powder auto-indexing method for the CONOGRAPH software [Oishi-Tomiyasu (2013). Acta Cryst. A69, 603-610] can carry out exhaustive powder auto-indexing in a short time, even if the q values of many peaks are used, with sufficient consideration given to their observational errors. This article explains that the use of many q values is essential to make powder auto-indexing robust against dominant zones and missing or false peaks in the input. Results from CONOGRAPH for 25 real diffraction patterns, including difficult cases, are presented. Owing to a sorting criterion for zones defined in the previous article, the computation times were reduced by a factor of between 18 and 250, and exhaustive powder auto-indexing was completed in 5 min at most. © 2014.

Hurth T.,Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz | Nakao M.,High Energy Accelerator Research Organization
Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science | Year: 2010

The huge data sets collected at the two B factories, Belle and BaBar, have made it possible to explore the radiative penguin process b→sγ, the electroweak penguin process b→sℓ+ℓ-, and the suppressed radiative process b→dγ in detailall in exclusive channels and inclusive measurements. Theoretical tools have also advanced to meet or surpass the experimental precision, especially in inclusive calculations and the various ratios of exclusive channels. In this article, we review the theoretical and experimental progress over the past decade in the radiative and electroweak penguin decays of B mesons. © 2010 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.

Arai T.,High Energy Accelerator Research Organization
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2013

We investigate nonperturbative infrared effects for the O(N) linear sigma model in de Sitter space using the two-particle irreducible effective action at the Hartree truncation level. This approximation resums the infinite series of so-called superdaisy diagrams. For the proper treatment of ultraviolet divergences, we first study the renormalization of this approximation on a general curved background. Then, we calculate radiatively corrected masses and the effective potential. As a result, spontaneous symmetry breaking is possible; on the other hand, the Goldstone modes acquire a positive definite mass term due to the screening effects of interaction. Possible infrared divergence is self-regulated by the mass term. Furthermore, there is a symmetry-restoring phase transition as a function of the Hubble parameter. In our approximation, the phase transition is of first order. © 2013 American Physical Society.

Murase K.,Institute for Advanced Study | Ioka K.,High Energy Accelerator Research Organization | Ioka K.,Graduate University for Advanced Studies
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2013

We study high-energy neutrino production in collimated jets inside progenitors of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and supernovae, considering both collimation and internal shocks. We obtain simple, useful constraints, using the often overlooked point that shock acceleration of particles is ineffective at radiation-mediated shocks. Classical GRBs may be too powerful to produce high-energy neutrinos inside stars, which is consistent with IceCube nondetections. We find that ultralong GRBs avoid such constraints and detecting the TeV signal will support giant progenitors. Predictions for low-power GRB classes including low-luminosity GRBs can be consistent with the astrophysical neutrino background IceCube may detect, with a spectral steepening around PeV. The models can be tested with future GRB monitors. © 2013 American Physical Society.

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