PubMed | Himachal Institute of Dental science HIDS and Government Dental College and Research Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery | Year: 2015
This study evaluated and compared the efficacy of mandible and iliac bone as autogenous bone graft for correction of orbital floor fractures.Twenty patients who suffered orbital floor fractures took part in the study. The subjects enrolled in the study sustained both isolated orbital floor fracture and orbital floor fracture associated with fracture of zygomatico-maxillary complex. Each inferior orbital wall was reconstructed using either a mandible bone graft or an iliac graft. Mandibular symphysis was opted as a donor site for graft harvest from mandible and anterior iliac crest for the iliac group. CT scans were taken before the operation. Inclusion criteria consisted of at least 2months postsurgical follow-up, pre- and post-surgical photographic documentation, and complete medical records regarding inpatient and outpatient data. To describe the distribution of complications and facilitate statistical analysis, we categorized our findings into diplopia, enophthalmos, and restriction of ocular movements before and after treatment. We also considered the time required for the harvest of the grafts and the donor site complications. A comparative study was carried out using Chi square test and student t test. We considered P value <0.05 to be statistically significant.Ten iliac crest grafts and ten mandible bone grafts were placed. The mean age of the patients was 33.1years. 80% of the patients were males. The most common complication of orbital floor fracture was diplopia, followed by enophthalmos and restriction of ocular movements. The post operative results were compared after 2months of the surgery. In iliac crest group, diplopia got corrected in six out of seven patients (85%), enophthalmos in four out of five patients (80%) and restricted ocular movement showed 100% correction. While in mandible group, diplopia and ocular movement showed 100% correction and enophthalmos got corrected in five out of six patients (83%). No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups on comparing these variables. On the other hand the mean time required for the harvest of iliac graft and mandible graft was 30.23.52min and 16.81.75min respectively. The difference was statistically significant.There is no difference in the ability of mandible and anterior iliac crest bone grafts to correct post-traumatic diplopia, enophthalmos and restricted ocular movements. But the time and ease of harvest of the graft from mandible was comparatively less and easy especially when the treating doctor was an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Secondly the post-operative morbidity was low and the quality and contour of the bone graft was very adaptable for the reconstruction of the orbital floor.